|Captain from Castile||Actor||Catana Perez||7|
|Deep Waters||Actor||Ann Freeman||7|
|Love That Brute||Actor||Ruth Manning||7|
|A Man Called Peter||1955||Actor||Catherine Marshall||19557|
|It Happens Every Spring||1949||Actor||n/a||19497|
|Pickup on South Street||1953||Actor||Candy||19537|
|Viva Zapata!||1952||Actor||Josefa--Zapata's Wife||19527|
|Three Coins in the Fountain||1954||Actor||Anita||19547|
|As Young As You Feel||1950||Actor||n/a||19507|
|O. Henry's Full House||1952||Actor||n/a||19527|
|Peter and Paul||Actor||Priscilla||7|
|Arthur Hailey's "The Moneychangers"||1977-01-01T00:00:00+0000 1976-01-01T00:00:00+0000 - 1977-01-01T00:00:00+0000||Actor||Beatrice Heyward||1977-01-01T00:00:00+00007|
|Murder, She Wrote||1996-01-01T00:00:00+0000 1984-01-01T00:00:00+0000 - 1996-01-01T00:00:00+0000||Actor||Siobhan O'Dea||1996-01-01T00:00:00+00007|
|Returned to acting in the public television production of Sherwood Anderson's "Winesburg, Ohio"|
|Won the Miss Ohio State popularity contest and received a trip to Hollywood|
|Made guest appearance on "Murder, She Wrote" (CBS)|
|Won critical acclaim for her performance in "A Man Called Peter", in what was to be her final film|
|Co-starred in Samuel Fuller's "Pickup on South Street"|
|Made rare network TV appearance in the NBC miniseries "Arthur Hailey's 'The Moneychangers'"|
|Raised on a farm in Ohio|
|Revealed divorce from Hughes|
|Secretly married Howard Hughes|
|Cast opposite Marlon Brando in Elia Kazan's "Viva Zapata!"|
|Acted in the CBS TV-movie "Peter and Paul", produced by her husband Stan Hough|
|Feature acting debut, "Captain From Castile", opposite Tyrone Power|
|Received top billing in "Anne of the Indies"|
A native of Canton, OH, Elizabeth Jean Peters was born on Oct. 15, 1926. Peters' father died when she was 10 and she was largely raised by her mother on the family farm. A Methodist, Peters graduated from East Canton High School and began her post-secondary education at the University of Michigan, but ultimately finished up at Ohio State. Her goal was to become a teacher, but that all changed when a friend covertly entered her in the Miss Ohio State pageant. Peters was chosen for the honor and her new title included a contract with 20th Century Fox. Upon relocating to Los Angeles, Peters was given a screen test and made her film debut as the female lead in no less than the Tyrone Power period adventure "Captain from Castile" (1947). The lavish adventure was a box office disappointment in relation to its huge budget, but still offered a very well-publicized vehicle for a newcomer. In a 1948 issue of Photoplay, readers voted Peters the actress most likely to become a star. The lovely ingénue also attracted the attentions of notorious billionaire playboy Howard Hughes. The pair soon began dating and Hughes proposed the following year, but Peters declined, stating that she was too young for marriage.
Peters was not the usual contract player beauty of the time and regularly took issue with the sort of roles given to her. An unrepentant tomboy, she refused to adopt the sort of glamorous look in public that was de rigueur for leading ladies. In fact, Peters was most happy watching baseball games and was likely delighted when cast in "It Happens Every Spring" (1949), a pleasing comedy about a scientist (Ray Milland) whose new invention makes him an unbeatable major league pitcher. In another departure from the norm for most movie stars, Peters was never late for shooting and was affectionately known among the crews she worked with as "Punctual Pete." Pictures like "Love That Brute" (1950), "As Young as You Feel" (1950), and "Take Care of My Little Girl" (1951) offered her few challenges, but perhaps more so than any other actress on the Fox lot, Peters was a perfect choice to play female pirate captain "Anne of the Indies" (1951) and responded with a vivid and entertaining performance. Regardless, Peters continued to butt heads with the studio, which finally put her on suspension. A savior emerged in the form of director Elia Kazan, who decided that it was Peters he wanted to star opposite Marlon Brando in his historical biopic "Viva Zapata!" (1952). She did an admirable job as the famous Mexican revolutionary's love interest and Fox began to make regular use of Peters once again, notably in "Lure of the Wilderness" (1952), a Technicolor remake of the studio's 1941 production "Swamp Water."
The year 1953 proved to be an especially busy one for Peters. She co-starred with rising Fox starlet Marilyn Monroe and Joseph Cotten in the gripping thriller "Niagara" (1953) and graced a trio of film noir thrillers. She was reteamed with Cotten in "A Blueprint for Murder" (1953) and had the title part in "Vicki" (1953), a new take on the company's Betty Grable vehicle "I Wake Up Screaming" from 1941. Most notably, Peters had one of her best roles from that period in Sam Fuller's superbly crafted thriller "Pickup on South Street" (1953) as an inadvertent aid to Communist spies. Off-screen, she also journeyed with fellow performers to Korea and entertained American troops stationed there. Other roles were not always as perfect a fit. Although Peters was well-suited to outdoor adventures, she was rather miscast as the Native American wife of Burt Lancaster in the Western "Apache" (1954) and did not have much to do as the romantic interest for Robert Wagner in "Broken Lance" (1954). She also reportedly had little interest in the part she was assigned for "Three Coins in the Fountain" (1954), but the lovely romance/Italian travelogue went on to be a major success. The inspirational biographical drama "A Man Called Peter" (1955) turned out to be her swan song. Weary of clashing with the studio, Peters decided to leave the business.
She had continued to see Howard Hughes on and off during the previous eight years, while he quite openly dated other actresses - including Terry Moore, who later claimed to have tied the knot with Hughes in Mexico in 1949 - but was fed up with his reluctance to marry her. Instead, Peters walked down the aisle with Texas oilman Stuart Cramer III only a few days after first meeting him on an airplane. Their time together proved almost equally short when they separated after little more than a month. Although the pair eventually reconciled, problems arose once again and they divorced after 18 months. Peters claimed mental cruelty as the cause, but there was much speculation that Hughes was the true catalyst. Whatever the case, the billionaire finally agreed to wed Peters at the beginning of 1957. In accordance with his wishes, she abandoned her acting career and largely disappeared from view. Peters never commented on her days with Hughes, but it was speculated that the marriage was far from conventional, due to his pronounced eccentricities and habit of having her followed at virtually all times by men in his employ.
Under the name Elizabeth Peters, she took Sociology classes at UCLA in the1960s, but left when news got out about her true identity. Her union with Hughes officially ended in 1971 and Peters received a settlement of $70,000 a year for life. Two months after the papers were signed, she wed veteran Fox producer and executive Stanley Hough and the couple remained together until his death in 1990. After a gap of almost two decades, Peters returned to the world of acting with a role in the made-for-TV production "Winesburg, Ohio" (PBS, 1973). She also joined fellow veterans Kirk Douglas and Anne Baxter in the miniseries "Arthur Hailey's The Moneychangers" (NBC, 1976) and appeared as Priscilla in the biblical drama "Peter and Paul" (CBS, 1981), which was produced and co-written by Hough. Her closing credit came in a 1988 episode of the hit Angela Lansbury series "Murder, She Wrote" (CBS, 1984-1996). Peters eventually did obtain the teaching degree she had sought earlier in life and also spent part of her later years doing charity work. She died of leukemia on Oct. 13, 2000, two days before what would have been her 74th birthday.
By John Charles
|Stuart W Cramer III||Husband||married on May 29, 1954; divorced on December 9, 1955|
|Shirley Cook||Sister||born c. 1933; survived her|
|Stanley Hough||Husband||married from August 1971 until his death in 1990; first met when he was an assistant director on "Captain From Castile"|
|Howard Hughes||Husband||Met in 1946; married on May 13, 1957; divorced in 1971; died in 1976|
|University of California at Los Angeles|
|University of Michigan|
|Ohio State University|
|"My life with Howard Hughes was and shall remain a matter on which I will have no comment." --Jean Peters to Newsweek, December 18, 1972.|
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