The younger half of the writing-directing-producing team formerly known as The Wachowski Brothers, Andy Wachowski emerged alongside brother Larry - later to have sexual reassignment surgery and be rechristened Lana - from the comic book world to direct "The Matrix" (1999), one of the most successful and influential film franchises of all time. Prior to "The Matrix," The Wachowskis entered Hollywood by way of writing "Assassins" (1995) for Richard Donner before directing their steamy neo-noir, "Bound" (1995). That film paved the way for "The Matrix," which blended religion, philosophy, martial arts and science fiction into a highly popular film that had a considerable effect on the cultural landscape. The massive success of the film sparked a franchise that included animated shorts, video games and two sequels, "The Matrix Reloaded" (2003) and "The Matrix Revolutions" (2003), both of which were big hits at the box office, but failed to live up to the aspirations of the original. At the time, however, Larry was the subject of rumors that he was undergoing a sex change operation, which were vehemently denied, but eventually confirmed in 2012. The siblings went on to direct the disappointing "Speed Racer" (2008) and the ambitious epic fantasy "Cloud Atlas" (2012), though both Larry and Lana's continuing avoidance of the spotlight marked them both as two of Hollywood's more mysterious, but nonetheless inventive writer-directors.