Andy Warhol

Artist, Filmmaker, Author
Pioneer of the Pop Art movement of the 1960s who transplanted his sometimes witty, sometimes boring explorations of popular culture from the canvas to the screen. Warhol acquired a 16mm camera in 1963 and made his first ... Read more »
Born: 08/06/1927 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA

Filmography

Producer (26)

Andy Warhol's Frankenstein 1995 (Movie)

(Producer)

Andy Warhol's Bad 1975 (Movie)

(Executive Producer)

Blood For Dracula 1975 (Movie)

(Producer)

Heat 1972 (Movie)

(Executive Producer)

Trash 1970 (Movie)

(Producer)

Women in Revolt 1970 (Movie)

(Producer)

Imitation of Christ 1969 (Movie)

(Producer)

Lonesome Cowboys 1969 (Movie)

(Producer)

Flesh 1968 (Movie)

(Producer)

Bike Boy 1966 (Movie)

(Producer)

Four Stars 1966 (Movie)

(Producer)

I, a Man 1966 (Movie)

(Producer)

The Chelsea Girls 1965 (Movie)

(Producer)

The Velvet Underground and Nico 1965 (Movie)

(Producer)

Lupe 1964 (Movie)

(Producer)

My Hustler 1964 (Movie)

(Producer)

Outer and Inner Space 1964 (Movie)

(Producer)

Poor Little Rich Girl 1964 (Movie)

(Producer)

Tarzan and Jane Regained... Sort of 1964 (Movie)

(Producer)

Vinyl 1964 (Movie)

(Producer)

Batman Dracula 1963 (Movie)

(Producer)

Couch 1963 (Movie)

(Producer)

Empire 1963 (Movie)

(Producer)

Harlot 1963 (Movie)

(Producer)

Kiss 1962 (Movie)

(Producer)

Sleep 1962 (Movie)

(Producer)
Director (25)

San Diego Surf 2012 (Movie)

(Director)

L' Amour 1971 (Movie)

(Director)

Lonesome Cowboys 1969 (Movie)

(Director)

Blue Movie 1967 (Movie)

(Director)

Bike Boy 1966 (Movie)

(Director)

Four Stars 1966 (Movie)

(Director)

I, a Man 1966 (Movie)

(Director)

Ari and Mario 1965 (Movie)

(Director)

Bufferin 1965 (Movie)

(Director)

The Chelsea Girls 1965 (Movie)

(Director)

The Velvet Underground and Nico 1965 (Movie)

(Director)

Lupe 1964 (Movie)

(Director)

My Hustler 1964 (Movie)

(Director)

Outer and Inner Space 1964 (Movie)

(Director)

Poor Little Rich Girl 1964 (Movie)

(Director)

Tarzan and Jane Regained... Sort of 1964 (Movie)

(Director)

Vinyl 1964 (Movie)

(Director)

Batman Dracula 1963 (Movie)

(Director)

Couch 1963 (Movie)

(Director)

Empire 1963 (Movie)

(Director)

Harlot 1963 (Movie)

(Director)

Blow Job 1962 (Movie)

(Director)

Haircut (No. 1) 1962 (Movie)

(Director)

Kiss 1962 (Movie)

(Director)

Sleep 1962 (Movie)

(Director)
Actor (21)

William Burroughs: A Man Within 2010 (Movie)

Himself (Actor)

The Feature 2009 (Movie)

Himself (Actor)

The Universe of Keith Haring 2008 (Movie)

Himself (Actor)

Nico Icon 1996 (Movie)

Himself (Actor)

Jonas in the Desert 1994 (Movie)

Himself (Actor)

The Queen 1993 (Movie)

(Actor)

Andy Warhol: Made in China 1992 (Movie)

(Actor)

Penn & Teller's Invisible Thread 1986 - 1987 (TV Show)

Actor

Donald Duck's 50th Birthday 1984 - 1985 (TV Show)

Actor

The Look 1984 (Movie)

(Actor)

Walt Disney... One Man's Dream 1981 - 1982 (TV Show)

Actor

Cocaine Cowboys 1978 (Movie)

(Actor)

Underground and Emigrants 1974 (Movie)

(Actor)

Identikit 1973 (Movie)

(Actor)

Cocksucker Blues 1972 (Movie)

(Actor)

Painters Painting 1972 (Movie)

(Actor)

Dynamite Chicken 1971 (Movie)

(Actor)

Diaries, Notes and Sketches 1968 (Movie)

Himself (Actor)

Bufferin 1965 (Movie)

Himself (Actor)

The Velvet Underground and Nico 1965 (Movie)

Himself (Actor)
Camera, Film, & Tape (5)

Four Stars 1966 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

I, a Man 1966 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

Bufferin 1965 (Movie)

cinematography (Cinematographer)

The Chelsea Girls 1965 (Movie)

(Photography)

My Hustler 1964 (Movie)

(Photography)
Writer (4)

L' Amour 1971 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

Lonesome Cowboys 1969 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

Bike Boy 1966 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

The Chelsea Girls 1965 (Movie)

(Screenplay)
Art Department (2)

An Unmarried Woman 1978 (Movie)

art collaboration (Art Department)

Merce Cunningham Dance Company 1976 - 1977 (TV Show)

Scenic Artist
Visual Effects & Animation (1)

Vamp 1986 (Movie)

contributing artist (Animator)
Editor (1)

Four Stars 1966 (Movie)

(Editor)
Other (3)

Karaoke Verite 1998 (Movie)

inspired by screen tests (Other)

North Shore 1987 (Movie)

film extract("Andy Warhol's Fifteen Minutes") (Other)

Andy Warhol 1972 (Movie)

film extracts("Bike Boys" (1967) "Chelsea Girls" (1966) "I, a Man" (1967) "Cowboys" (1968)) (Other)

Biography

Pioneer of the Pop Art movement of the 1960s who transplanted his sometimes witty, sometimes boring explorations of popular culture from the canvas to the screen. Warhol acquired a 16mm camera in 1963 and made his first "underground" film, "Kiss", the same year. It combined the deliberately nonprofessional techniques endorsed by the American avant-garde with Warhol's own camp sensibility and the ironic banality of his "serial" artwork.

Warhol's film work falls into a silent and a sound phase, the first of which reached its apex in "Sleep" (1964), a six-hour study of a slumbering man conveyed via a virtually stationary camera. Glacially indifferent to the question of viewer involvement, "Sleep" is not so much "watched" as it is "experienced."

Warhol was prolific in his idiosyncratic, voyeuristic brand of "cinema verite", churning out product at an assembly-line clip of roughly one film a week during the period 1964-65. He trained his camera on the motley band of freaks, musicians and social register slummers that trooped through his Felliniesque "Factory". In an ironic inversion of the Hollywood studio system, Warhol elevated the more prominent "players" into underground "superstars": the beautiful, tragic Candy Darling, Joe Dallesandro, Holly Woodlawn, Jackie Curtis, et al.

Although all of Warhol's films were governed by his peculiar sensibility, he assembled a nucleus of capable technicians, such as Paul Morrissey and Chuck Wein, who made various--uncredited--contributions, often in the master's absence.

Warhol entered his "sound phase" with "Harlot" (1965) and continued to crank out such influential films as "Vinyl" (1965), based upon Anthony Burgess's "A Clockwork Orange", which launched the tragic career and cruel exploitation of socialite/superstar Edie Sedgwick. In 1966 he produced his most enduring and definitive work, "The Chelsea Girls", a crazed showcase of Factory stalwarts which synthesized the enthusiasms and strategies encompassed by his previous work. The film was projected on two adjacent screens, each of which depicted unrelated situations. Its relative popularity ("The Chelsea Girls" was the first Warhol film to surface in "real" movie houses), inspired a more commercial, or at least less arcane, approach to filmmaking.

While such post-Chelsea Girls" films as "Lonesome Cowboys" (1969) continued to use typically Warholian alienation effects (extreme long takes, "strobe" cuts, etc.), they also relied on previously disdained qualities such as plot and characterization. By the time the Factory closed, after an attempt on Warhol's life in June of 1968, Morrissey had inserted his more formal concerns into the Warhol formula, producing a series of bizarre sex farces that proved more accessible to a popular audience (although they gradually reverted into self-parody). By the mid-1970s, Morrissey was turning out Gothic romps affixed with Warhol's brand name, although they were only vaguely indebted to the Factory style.

Though he had effectively closed the filmmaking chapter of his career after the release of "Andy Warhol's Bad" (dir. Jed Johnson, 1977), Warhol continued to satisfy his voyeuristic appetites with a Polaroid camera that he toted on his late-night revels until his untimely death in 1987.

Relationships

Madale Hoover

Niece

Andrej Warhola

Father
Czech

Julia Warhola

Mother
Czech

John Warhola

Brother
older

Paul Warhola

Brother
born on June 26, 1922

James Warhola

Nephew

EDUCATION

Carnegie Institute of Technology

Pittsburgh , Pennsylvania 1949
school later changed name to Carnegie-Mellon University

University of Pittsburgh

Pittsburgh , Pennsylvania
enrolled with plans to become a teacher; transferred to Carnegie Institute

Schenley High School

Pittsburgh , Pennsylvania

Milestones

1983

Started own cable TV talk show

1977

After "Andy Warhol's Bad" (directed by Jed Johnson), ended filmmaking career (though he directed several music videos in the 1980s)

1968

Founded INTERVIEW magazine

1968

While Warhol recuperated, Morrissey wrote and directed "Flesh," the first "Warhol" film which Warhol did not direct

1968

Seriously wounded after being shot twice by Valerie Solanis on June 4

1966

Made "The Chelsea Girls," whose commercial success precipitated more mainstream projects

1965

"Produced" debut record album of "The Velvet Underground and Nico"

1965

Paul Morrissey joined Warhol's entourage

1965

Made "Vinyl," an adaptation of Anthony Burgess's "A Clockwork Orange"; also film debut of Edie Sedgwick

1964

Shot first sound film, "Harlot" (70 mins) in December

1964

Joined by scenarist Ronald Tevel and assistant director Chuck Wein

1963

Made first "serial" film, "Kiss"

1962

First one-man show in New York

1962

Began attending underground/avant-garde film screenings

1949

Moved to New York after graduating from college

Shot first film on trip to Los Angeles

Eaarned reputation as leading illustrator through 1950s

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