Acknowledged as a leading figure in postwar American theater, playwright Arthur Miller had long been acclaimed as a writer who mixed naturalistic drama with timeless moral and political issues, with much of his work centered on the ethical responsibility of the individual in conflict with his community. Despised by some critics throughout his career, Miller endured harsh criticism even at the pinnacle of his success, with some depicting his aura of greatness as being premature. Such criticisms came following his landmark play, "Death of a Salesman" (1949), which won both a Tony Award and the Pulitzer Prize, while building a reputation as one of the greatest plays written in the 20th century. Four years later, he wrote "The Crucible" (1953), a thinly-guised examination of McCarthyism and the Red Scare that was a worthy addition to his already impressive canon, which included the working-class triumph of "A View from the Bridge" (1955). After himself enduring public suspicion for ties to Communism, which led to a conviction - and later appeal - for contempt of Congress, he made further headlines for his high-profile, but stormy marriage to sex symbol Marilyn Monroe, which ended unpleasantly right after the completion of "The Misfits" (1961), a film written by Miller for Monroe which ultimately proved to be her last. Miller raised a few hackles with "After the Fall" (1964), a deeply personal look at his relationship with Monroe that ultimately became his most reviled play. Though he spent the ensuing decades writing plays for both on and off Broadway, Miller failed to recapture the prominence of his early career - a condition Miller himself partly blamed on the overall state of the theater, which he felt was too focused on profit over artistic freedom. But Miller went on to find success on television and in film with his Emmy-winning "Playing for Time" (CBS, 1980) and the critically acclaimed adaptation of his own work, "The Crucible" (1996), all the while enjoying his reputation as one of the greatest playwrights of the 20th century.