Having grown up in a household that lived and breathed poetry, it was no surprise that Bernardo Bertolucci became an acclaimed and sometimes controversial filmmaker adept at revealing the dark side of human nature with lyrical films. An avowed Communist in the first half of his life, Bertolucci railed against Fascist Italy with internationally acclaimed films like "Prima della rivoluzione" ("Before the Revolution") (1964) and "The Partner" (1968). His career hit hard times after just a few movies before he directed "The Conformist" (1970), a stark, but accessible political drama that earned him considerable international attention, with many critics hailing the film as his masterpiece. Bertolucci followed with arguably one of the most controversial films of all time, "Last Tango in Paris" (1972), which featured without a doubt the most graphic use of butter ever captured on screen. Amidst conflicting calls of genius and pornography, Bertolucci earned widespread critical praise as well as a suspended prison sentence for blasphemy in his native Italy. After making the ambitious, but widely panned "1900" (1976) and the reviled tale of mother-son incest, "Luna" (1979), the director found himself in desperate need of money to finance his films. He miraculously managed to secure funding for his epic period biopic, "The Last Emperor" (1987), a remarkable cinematic achievement that won nine Academy Awards, including Best Director and Best Picture. Though his career took a downward slide with overly ambitious movies like "Little Buddha" (1994) and smaller art house fare like "Stealing Beauty" (1996), Bertolucci nonetheless remained one of the most pre-eminent international directors of the late 20th century.