Charlie Chaplin

Actor, Director, Producer
Recognized as one of the greatest entertainers in movie history, Charlie Chaplin drew from his impoverished childhood in South London to create the most iconic character in cinema history, The Tramp, a good-natured ... Read more »
Born: 04/16/1889 in London, England, GB

Filmography

Actor (35)

Mary Pickford, The Muse of the Movies 2014 (Movie)

Himself (Actor)

American Lifestyles 1986 (Movie)

("The Movie Marches On" - "Show Business: The War Years") (Actor)

It's Showtime 1975 (Movie)

Himself (Actor)

Chaplinesque, My Life and Hard Times 1972 (Movie)

Himself (Actor)

A Countess From Hong Kong 1967 (Movie)

Old Steward (Actor)

The Charlie Chaplin Comedy Theatre 1966 - 1967 (TV Show)

Actor

A King in New York 1956 (Movie)

King Shadhov (Actor)

Limelight 1953 (Movie)

Clavero (Actor)

Monsieur Verdoux 1947 (Movie)

Henri Verdoux (Actor)

The Great Dictator 1940 (Movie)

Jewish Barber (Actor)

Modern Times 1936 (Movie)

Tramp (Actor)

City Lights 1931 (Movie)

Tramp (Actor)

The Circus 1928 (Movie)

Tramp (Actor)

Show People 1927 (Movie)

(Actor)

The Gold Rush 1925 (Movie)

Lone Prospector (Actor)

A Woman of Paris 1922 (Movie)

Porter (Actor)

Souls For Sale 1922 (Movie)

(Actor)

The Kid 1920 (Movie)

A Tramp (Actor)

Shoulder Arms 1917 (Movie)

(Actor)

Easy Street 1916 (Movie)

(Actor)

Tillie's Punctured Romance 1913 (Movie)

(Actor)

A Dog's Life (Movie)

Tramp (Actor)

A Jitney Elopement (Movie)

Suitor, the Fake Count (Actor)

A Night Out (Movie)

(Actor)

Sunnyside (Movie)

Farm handyman (Actor)

The Adventurer (Movie)

Escaped Convict (Actor)

The Bond (Movie)

Himself (Actor)

The Champion (Movie)

Challenger (Actor)

The Count (Movie)

Tailor's Apprentice (Actor)

The Fireman (Movie)

Fireman (Actor)

The Masquerader (Movie)

Film Actor (Actor)

The Nut (TV Show)

Actor

The Pilgrim (Movie)

The Pilgrim (Actor)

The Tramp (Movie)

A Tramp (Actor)

The Vagabond (Movie)

Street Musician (Actor)
Director (26)

A Countess From Hong Kong 1967 (Movie)

(Director)

A King in New York 1956 (Movie)

(Director)

Limelight 1953 (Movie)

(Director)

Monsieur Verdoux 1947 (Movie)

(Director)

The Great Dictator 1940 (Movie)

(Director)

Modern Times 1936 (Movie)

(Director)

City Lights 1931 (Movie)

(Director)

The Circus 1928 (Movie)

(Director)

The Gold Rush 1925 (Movie)

(Director)

A Woman of Paris 1922 (Movie)

(Director)

The Kid 1920 (Movie)

(Director)

Shoulder Arms 1917 (Movie)

(Director)

Easy Street 1916 (Movie)

(Director)

A Dog's Life (Movie)

(Director)

A Jitney Elopement (Movie)

(Director)

A Night Out (Movie)

(Director)

Sunnyside (Movie)

(Director)

The Adventurer (Movie)

(Director)

The Bond (Movie)

(Director)

The Champion (Movie)

(Director)

The Count (Movie)

(Director)

The Fireman (Movie)

(Director)

The Masquerader (Movie)

(Director)

The Pilgrim (Movie)

(Director)

The Tramp (Movie)

(Director)

The Vagabond (Movie)

(Director)
Writer (24)

Chaplin 1992 (Movie)

from autobiography("My Autobiography") (Book as Source Material)

A Countess From Hong Kong 1967 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

A King in New York 1956 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

Limelight 1953 (Movie)

(From Story)

Limelight 1953 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

Monsieur Verdoux 1947 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

The Great Dictator 1940 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

Modern Times 1936 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

City Lights 1931 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

The Circus 1928 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

The Gold Rush 1925 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

A Woman of Paris 1922 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

The Kid 1920 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

Shoulder Arms 1917 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

Easy Street 1916 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

A Dog's Life (Movie)

(Screenwriter)

A Jitney Elopement (Movie)

(Screenwriter)

A Night Out (Movie)

(Screenwriter)

Sunnyside (Movie)

(Screenwriter)

The Champion (Movie)

(Screenwriter)

The Masquerader (Movie)

(Screenwriter)

The Pilgrim (Movie)

(Screenwriter)

The Tramp (Movie)

(Screenwriter)

The Vagabond (Movie)

(Screenwriter)
Music (22)

Top Five 2014 (Movie)

("Smile") (Song)

Method To The Madness of Jerry Lewis 2011 - 2012 (TV Show)

Music

Mona Lisa Smile 2003 (Movie)

("Smile") (Song)

Bad Blood 2001 (Movie)

("Limelight") (Song)

Billy's Hollywood Screen Kiss 1998 (Movie)

("This Is My Song") (Song)

Hope Floats 1998 (Movie)

("Smile") (Song)

This Boy's Life 1993 (Movie)

("Smile") (Song)

Chaplin 1992 (Movie)

music from("City Lights" "Limelight" "Modern Times") (Music)

Unknown Chaplin 1985 - 1986 (TV Show)

Theme Music

Gentleman Tramp 1975 (Movie)

(Music)

Smile 1975 (Movie)

(Music)

A Countess From Hong Kong 1967 (Movie)

songs("This Is My Song" "My Star") (Song)

A Countess From Hong Kong 1967 (Movie)

(Music)

A King in New York 1956 (Movie)

(Music)

Limelight 1953 (Movie)

(Music)

Monsieur Verdoux 1947 (Movie)

(Music)

Modern Times 1936 (Movie)

(Music)

City Lights 1931 (Movie)

(Music)

A Woman of Paris 1922 (Movie)

(Music)

A Dog's Life (Movie)

(Composer (Music Score))

Sunnyside (Movie)

(Composer (Music Score))
Producer (18)

A Countess From Hong Kong 1967 (Movie)

(Executive Producer)

A King in New York 1956 (Movie)

(Producer)

Limelight 1953 (Movie)

(Producer)

Monsieur Verdoux 1947 (Movie)

(Producer)

The Great Dictator 1940 (Movie)

(Producer)

Modern Times 1936 (Movie)

(Producer)

City Lights 1931 (Movie)

(Producer)

The Circus 1928 (Movie)

(Producer)

The Gold Rush 1925 (Movie)

(Producer)

A Woman of Paris 1922 (Movie)

(Producer)

The Kid 1920 (Movie)

(Producer)

A Dog's Life (Movie)

(Producer)

The Adventurer (Movie)

(Producer)

The Bond (Movie)

(Producer)

The Count (Movie)

(Producer)

The Fireman (Movie)

(Producer)

The Pilgrim (Movie)

(Producer)

The Vagabond (Movie)

(Producer)
Editor (2)

City Lights 1931 (Movie)

(Editor)

The Circus 1928 (Movie)

(Editor)
Other (3)

Gentleman Tramp 1975 (Movie)

film extracts("The Gold Rush" "City Lights" "Modern Times" "A Dog's Life" "The Circus" "A King in New York" "The Kid" "Monsieur Verdoux" "Limelight") (Other)

Chaplinesque, My Life and Hard Times 1972 (Movie)

film extracts("Kid Auto Races" "The New Janitor" "The Tramp" "One A.M." "The Pawnshop" "Easy Street" "The Immigrant") (Other)

Limelight 1953 (Movie)

choreography (Choreographer)

Biography

Recognized as one of the greatest entertainers in movie history, Charlie Chaplin drew from his impoverished childhood in South London to create the most iconic character in cinema history, The Tramp, a good-natured, undaunted and somewhat unscrupulous cavalier from the 19th century trying to survive the isolating, technologically-driven 20th century. Outfitted in tattered baggy pants, a cutaway coat and vest, impossibly large worn-out shoes and a battered derby hat, The Tramp appeared in untold numbers of short films and made Chaplin the first true Hollywood star. After making his debut in "Kid Auto Races at Venice" (1914), Chaplin's Tramp was the focus of many iconic films like "The Tramp" (1915), "Behind the Screen" (1916), "Easy Street" (1917) and "The Immigrant" (1917). With his output slowed down a bit after World War I, Chaplin entered into one of his most creatively satisfying periods that saw "The Kid" (1921), "The Gold Rush" (1925) and "City Lights" (1931) hit the screen. Chaplin was one of the last to bow down to pressure and succumb to the sound era with "Modern Times" (1936), in which he reluctantly agreed to allow the public to hear the Tramp's voice - the first and only time this occurred. Having retired the character for good, Chaplin - who was also a pioneering writer and director on many of his films - starred in what became his last truly exemplary film, "The Great Dictator" (1940), before outraging audiences with an atypical turn in the thriller "Monsieur Verdoux" (1947). His last ode to the Tramp, "Limelight" (1952), failed to reach American screens amidst the political witch hunts of the McCarthy era, which led to him permanently residing in Switzerland until his death in 1977. Despite the hardships endured later in his career, Chaplin remained one of Hollywood's true geniuses while his Tramp characterization became one of cinema's most recognizable and defining images.

Relationships

Louise Brooks Actor

Companion
had relationship in summer 1925

Christopher Chaplin

Son
born in 1962 mother, Oona O'Neill

Eugene Chaplin

Son
born in 1953 mother, Oona O'Neill

Michael Chaplin

Son
born in 1946 mother, Oona O'Neill debuted in father's "A King in New York" (1957)

Sydney Chaplin

Son
born on March 30, 1926 mother, Lita Grey made film debut as the romantic lead of "Limelight" starred in several Broadway shows in the late 1950s and 1960s including "Funny Girl" (1964)

Dolores Chaplin

Granddaughter
appeared in the film "The Ice Rink" (2000)

Kiera Chaplin

Granddaughter
born c. 1981 daughter of Eugene Chaplin

Charles Chaplin

Father
born in 1863 left family when Chaplin was a young child died of alcoholism in 1901

Charles Chaplin Jr. Actor

Child
Born in 1925 mother, Lita Grey debuted in "Limelight" (1952) as one of the clowns died in 1968

Hannah Chaplin

Mother
born in 1865 had breakdown after husband left institutionalized for most of her remaining years died in 1928 portrayed by her granddaughter Geraldine in the biopic "Chaplin" (1992)

Syd Chaplin Actor

Half-Sibling

Annette Chaplin

Daughter
born in 1959 mother, Oona O'Neill

Geraldine Chaplin Actor

Daughter
born on July 31, 1944 mother, Oona O'Neill debuted as street urchin in "Limelight" portrayed her grandmother in biopic "Chaplin" (1992)

Jane Chaplin

Daughter
born in 1957 mother, Oona O'Neill

Josephine Chaplin

Daughter
born in 1949 mother, Oona O'Neill

Victoria Chaplin

Daughter
born in 1951 mother, Oona O'Neill

Wheeler Dryden

Half-Brother
died in 1957

Paulette Goddard Actor

Wife
Married June 1, 1936; some controversy surrounded exactly when the two were married She acted opposite Chaplin in his films "Modern Times" (1936) and "The Great Dictator" (1940)

Lita Grey Actor

Wife
He cast her in "The Kid" (1921) when she was 12 Married Nov. 26, 1924 in Mexico; she was 16 Divorced Aug. 25, 1927; she reportedly received highest divorce settlement in American history at the time ($825,000)

Mildred Harris Actor

Companion
Married on October 23, 1918 divorced in November 1920 born on November 29, 1901 died on July 20, 1944

Hetty Kelly

Companion
first love met in 1908 died in 1918 in England

Pola Negri Actor

Companion
had on-again, off-again romance from c. 1923 to 1924

Oona O'Neill Actor

Wife
Met 1942 when a Hollywood agent recommended her for a part in un-filmed "Shadow and Substance" Married June 16, 1943 until Chaplin's death Dec. 25, 1977 She renounced her American citizenship 1954

Peggy Pearce

Companion
dated in 1914

Edna Purviance Actor

Companion

James Thieree

Grandson
made film debut in Peter Greenaway's "Prospero's Books" (1991)

Aurelia Thierree Actor

Granddaughter

James Thiérrée Actor

Grandchild

EDUCATION

attended various schools in London, Manchester, Liverpool and Newington

Milestones

1995

Voted the greatest actor in movie history by a worldwide survey of film critics

1992

Subject of a biographical motion picture "Chaplin", directed by Richard Attenborough and starring Robert Downey Jr

1978

Body dug up by two grave robbers on March 2; found 2 1/2 months later and reburied

1975

Knighted by Queen Elizabeth II

1972

Returned to the USA after nearly 20 years to accept an honorary Academy Award

1967

Last film, "The Countess of Hong Kong", starring Sophia Loren and Marlon Brando; Chaplin had cameo as waiter

1963

Orchestrated a festival of his films in NYC

1957

First film outside the US, "A King in New York"

1952

Denied reentry into America after attending the London premiere of "Limelight" (only film in which he appared with Buster Keaton); settled in Switzerland

1947

Played "lady killer" in "Monsieur Verdoux"; Oscar-nominated for his screenplay

1942

Named in paternity suit by actress Joan Barry, who claimed that Chaplin had been her lover for several years and was the father of her child; though Chaplin denied Barry's claims and genetic evidence suggested that he was not the father of her child, the

1941

His appearance at a rally supporting a Russian counterattack of Germany (a second front) led to his becoming a target of investigation by the FBI

1940

First full talkie, "The Great Dictator"; received Oscar nominations for best actor, best screenplay and best picture; refused New York Film Critics Award as Best Actor

1936

Voice first heard in a commercial film, "Modern Times", when he sang a nonsense song; mild left-wing point of view signaled his growing political convivtion; year's second biggest money-earner after "San Francisco"

1931

First feature of the sound era, "City Lights" (a silent film); fourth biggest grosser of the year

1928

Awarded an honorary Oscar for "versatility and genius in writing, acting, directing, and producing 'The Circus'"

1925

Tramp's feature debut for UA, "The Gold Rush"; Chaplin called it "the picture I want to be remembered by"

1923

Wrote and directed (appearing only briefly as a railway porter) "A Woman of Paris" (first full-length film), a comedy of manners starring Purviance (her final film with Chaplin); first UA release

1921

Strayed from First National contract calling for two-reelers to make "The Kid" (a six-reeler), his longest and most ambitious film to that time

1919

Co-founded United Artists Corporation (with Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks and D.W. Griffith)

1918

Signed by First National Exhibitors Circuit, producing his films independently; contract allowed him to build his own studio, which he alone used until 1952

1916

Moved to Mutual Film Corporation; the popularity of such Mutual two-reelers as "The Pawnshop", "The Immigrant" and "Easy Street" (only pic in which he ever played a cop) made him an international star

1915

Left Keystone Company; signed with Essanay Company for $1250 per week (Sennett had offered $750) plus a $10,000 signing bonus; met key collaborator, cameraman Rollie Totheroh, who would shoot every Chaplin film (and only Chaplin films) until his death in

1915

First film with Edna Purviance; she would play the idealized woman in every Chaplin film for the next eight years, remaining on the Chaplin payroll until her death in 1958

1914

Film acting debut in Keystone's "Making a Living"

1914

Directed, acted in and wrote over 20 shorts

1914

First appearance of the tramp in "Kid Auto Races at Venice"

1913

Hired by Mack Sennett's Keystone Company while on tour with Karno; left for Hollywood, arriving on Sennett's lot in December with a contract for $150 per week

1910

Made first trip to America with Karno's Speechless Comedians

1907

Joined Fred Karno's Pantomime Troupe in England; quickly rose to Karno's star attraction, specializing in a dexterous portrayal of a comic drunk

1905

Appeared in London West End production of "Sherlock Holmes", starring its American author, William Gillette

1903

First featured stage role in "Sherlock Holmes"; toured English provinces

1898

Toured as one of the Eight Lancashire Lads

Sold interest in United Artists

Refused to testify before House Committee on Un-American Activities

Began music hall career at age 5

Bonus Trivia

.

"Halfway through, a shower of money poured on the stage. Immediately I stopped and announced that I would pick up the money first and sing afterwards. This caused much laughter. The stage manager came on with a handkerchief and helped me gather it up. I thought he was going to keep it. This thought was conveyed to the audience and increased their laughter, especially when he walked off with it with me anxiously following him. Not until he handed it to Mother did I return and continue to sing. I was quite at home. I talked to the audience, danced and did several imitations including one of Mother singing her Irish march song." --Charles Chaplin, remembering his stage debut at the age of five in "My Autobiography"

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