Elia Kazan

Director, Screenwriter, Producer
A rare talent who scaled the heights of two artistic disciplines, Elia Kazan overcame humble roots to establish himself as both a driving force in American theater and as a highly-regarded filmmaker. Along the way, he ... Read more »
Born: 09/07/1909 in Turkey

Filmography

Actor (20)

A Letter to Elia 2010 (Movie)

Himself (Actor)

Tell Them Who You Are 2005 (Movie)

Himself (Actor)

Karl Malden: Workingman's Actor 1997 - 1998 (TV Show)

Actor

Hello Actors Studio 1988 (Movie)

Himself (Actor)

L' Heritage de la chouette 1988 (Movie)

Himself (Actor)

Natalie Wood 1987 - 1988 (TV Show)

Actor

Sis 1988 (Movie)

Fishing Boat Captain (Actor)

50 Years of Action! 1985 (Movie)

Himself (Actor)

Acting: Lee Strasberg and The Actors Studio 1980 (Movie)

Himself (Actor)

The Fighters 1973 (Movie)

Himself (Actor)

City For Conquest 1940 (Movie)

Googi (Actor)

Backstory (TV Show)

Actor

Blues in the Night (Movie)

Nickie Haroyan (Actor)
Director (19)

The Last Tycoon 1975 (Movie)

(Director)

The Visitors 1972 (Movie)

(Director)

The Arrangement 1969 (Movie)

(Director)

America, America 1963 (Movie)

(Director)

Splendor in the Grass 1961 (Movie)

(Director)

Wild River 1960 (Movie)

(Director)

A Face in the Crowd 1957 (Movie)

(Director)

Baby Doll 1956 (Movie)

(Director)

East of Eden 1955 (Movie)

(Director)

On the Waterfront 1954 (Movie)

(Director)

Man on a Tightrope 1953 (Movie)

(Director)

Viva Zapata! 1952 (Movie)

(Director)

A Streetcar Named Desire 1950 (Movie)

(Director)

Pinky 1949 (Movie)

(Director)

Boomerang 1947 (Movie)

(Director)

Gentleman's Agreement 1947 (Movie)

(Director)

Sea of Grass 1947 (Movie)

(Director)

A Tree Grows in Brooklyn 1945 (Movie)

(Director)

Panic in the Streets (Movie)

(Director)
Writer (10)

Zapata: El Sueno del Heroe 2004 (Movie)

from film("Viva Zapata!") (Story By)

Splendor in the Grass 1981 - 1982 (TV Show)

Story By

The Arrangement 1969 (Movie)

("The Arrangment") (Source Material (from novel))

The Arrangement 1969 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

America, America 1963 (Movie)

("Hama!" (unpublished)) (From Story)

America, America 1963 (Movie)

("America, America") (Source Material (from novel))

America, America 1963 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

Wild River 1960 (Movie)

original screenplay("Garth's Island") (Screenplay)

Baby Doll 1956 (Movie)

adaptation (Writer (adaptation))

A Streetcar Named Desire 1950 (Movie)

(Screenplay)
Producer (7)

The Arrangement 1969 (Movie)

(Producer)

America, America 1963 (Movie)

(Producer)

Splendor in the Grass 1961 (Movie)

(Producer)

Wild River 1960 (Movie)

(Producer)

A Face in the Crowd 1957 (Movie)

(Producer)

Baby Doll 1956 (Movie)

(Producer)

East of Eden 1955 (Movie)

(Producer)

Biography

A rare talent who scaled the heights of two artistic disciplines, Elia Kazan overcame humble roots to establish himself as both a driving force in American theater and as a highly-regarded filmmaker. Along the way, he would win three Academy Awards for directing classics like "On the Waterfront" (1954) and "A Streetcar Named Desire" (1951) and be the recipient of an equal number of Tony Awards for his direction of such Broadway landmarks as "Death of a Salesman." Kazan would be further lauded as a pioneer of social justice in cinema, and his daring examinations of topics like racial and religious prejudice came during a time when such things were discouraged by movie studios. Such displays of depth, daring and humanity influenced a generation of filmmakers including Martin Scorsese and Francis Ford Coppola. Kazan's groundbreaking work with The Actor's Studio also earned him much credit for his promotion of "The Method," and he was instrumental in launching the careers of such practitioners of that craft as Marlon Brando, James Dean and Warren Beatty. However, as much as his personal convictions shaped his creative accomplishments, they would also determine how the general public came to regard him following his cooperation with the House Committee on Un-American Activities at the height of the 1950s Red Scare. The ramifications of his decision to betray the trust of former associates would haunt Kazan right up until the end, but he left behind a legacy that even his most vehement ideological opponents could not deny.

Relationships

Leo Kazan

Son

Zoe Kazan Actor

Granddaughter
Born Sept. 9, 1983

Katherine Kazan

Daughter
mother, Molly Day Thatcher

Chris Kazan

Son
born in New York City c. 1939 died of cancer on December 14, 1991 mother, Molly Day Thatcher wrote and produced "The Visitor" (1972) directed by his father novels include "Mouth Full of Sugar" (1969) and "The Love Freak" was an assistant professor of film at Columbia University's School of the Arts was married to Jeneene Harris

Nicholas Kazan

Son
mother, Molly Day Thatcher received Oscar nomination for "Reversal of Fortune" (1990) married to screenwriter Robin Swicord

George Kazanjioglou

Father
Greek

Athena Kazanjioglou

Mother
Greek

Barbara Loden Actor

Wife
Met while Kazan was casting "Wild River" (1960) She appeared in "Splendor in the Grass" (1961) and on Broadway in "After the Fall" (1964) under his direction Married June 5, 1967 until her death Sept. 5, 1980

Judy Morris

Daughter
mother, Molly Day Thatcher

Frances Rudge

Wife
Married June 26, 1982 until his death Sept. 28, 2003

Molly Thatcher

Wife
Married Dec. 2, 1932 until her death from a brain aneurysm Dec. 14, 1963 Worked together as members of anti-Fascist filmmaking group Nykino (for New York Camera, using the Russian word for "camera"); were two of six directors of famous experimental short "Pie in the Sky" (1934), in which they also acted

EDUCATION

New Rochelle High School

New Rochelle , New York 1926

School of Drama, Yale University

New Haven , Connecticut 1932

Mayfair School

New York , New York

Williams College

Williamstown , Massachusetts 1930

Milestones

1995

Subject of documentary "Elia Kazan: A Director's Journey" (AMC), produced by long-time friend Julian Schlossberg

1989

Turned up in a surprising role as Captain of Fishing Boat in foreign film "Sis", directed by Omer Zulfi Livanelli

1988

Published memoirs "Elia Kazan: A Life"

1982

Subject of French documentary "Elia Kazan, Outsider"

1976

Directed last feature film to date, "The Last Tycoon", adapted from the unfinished F. Scott Fitzgerald novel by Harold Pinter

1972

Accused of union-busting on "The Visitors", a family-affair (son Chris wrote and produced), low-budget picture shot in and around Kazan's home turf of Newton, CT; film reportedly cost $150,000, of which the non-union actors (including James Woods and Stev

1968

Bombed with "The Arrangement", film version of his own best-selling novel

1964

Directed Miller's "After the Fall" for inaugural season of Lincoln Center Repertory Theater; production starred second wife Barbara Loden playing a thinly disguised Marilyn Monroe

1963

Nominated for three Oscars--Best Director, Best Picture (as producer) and Best Screenplay--for "America, America", based on his uncle's life

1961

Helmed "Splendor in the Grass" from an Oscar-winning original screenplay by William Inge

1960

After trying for some time to write a screenplay about the TVA (Tennessee Valley Authority), turned ideas over to Osborn who scripted "Wild River", directed by Kazan

1959

Appointed to develop and run the new Lincoln Center Repertory Theater

1959

Received acclaim for producing and directing "J.B.", Archibald MacLeish's retelling of the biblical story of Job

1957

Reunited with Schulberg for "A Face in the Crowd"

1956

Collaborated with Tennessee Williams on "Baby Doll"

1955

Staged the premiere of Tennessee Williams' "Cat on a Hot Tin Roof" on Broadway; exercised much influence over the final draft

1955

Produced first film "East of Eden"; also directed; adapted by Paul Osborn from the Steinbeck novel; picked up fourth Oscar nomination as Best Director

1954

Took home second Oscar as director of "On the Waterfront", written by fellow "name-dropper" Budd Schulberg

1953

Directed overtly anti-Communist film, "Man on a Tightrope", starring Fredric March

1952

Testified before the House Un-American Activities Committee and named eight former colleagues (including Odets and actress Paula Strasberg) as dangerous Communist infiltrators

1952

Directed "Viva Zapata!", written by John Steinbeck and starring Marlon Brando

1951

Received Oscar nomination as Best Director for "A Streetcar Named Desire"

1950

"Panic in the Streets" marked his passage to a more ambitiously cinematic phase

1949

Helmed the Broadway production of Miller's "Death of a Salesman"; received second Tony Award

1947

Won Best Director Oscar on first-ever nomination for "Gentleman's Agreement"; film also won Best Picture

1947

Co-founded (with Cheryl Crawford, Robert Lewis and Lee Strasberg) Actors Studio

1947

Directed seminal Broadway productions of Arthur Miller's "All My Sons" (for which he won his first Tony) and Tennessee Williams' "A Streetcar Named Desire"

1944

Feature film directing debut with "A Tree Grows in Brooklyn"

1941

Broadway directing debut, Thornton Wilder's "The Skin of Our Teeth"

1940

Group Theater folded

1940

Feature film acting debut in "City for Conquest", playing a neighborhood tough-turned-gangster opposite James Cagney

1938

Stage directing debut with "Casey Jones"

1937

Played Eddie Fusseli in the Group Theatre production of Odets' "Golden Boy"

1937

Directed short documentary "People of the Cumberland"

1935

Appeared on Broadway in Group Theatre production of Clifford Odets' "Waiting for Lefty"

1934

Film acting debut in the short "Cafe Universal"

1934

Co-directed and acted in the experimental short film, "Pie in the Sky"; wife Molly Day Thatcher also directed a segment

1933

Broadway acting debut, "Men in White"

1932

Apprenticed with Group Theater

1932

Theatrical debut as stage manager and understudy for the Theater Guild production, "The Pure in Heart" in Baltimore, Maryland

1913

After brief stay in Berlin, immigrated to the USA with parents

Raised in New York

Was a member of the Communist Party

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