Elizabeth Taylor

Actor, Producer, Lobbyist
With the arguable exception of Marilyn Monroe, no other star from Hollywood's Golden Age exerted a more enduring hold on the public's imagination than the violet-eyed beauty, Elizabeth Taylor. For nearly 70 years, the ... Read more »
Born: 02/26/1932 in London, England, GB

Filmography

Actor (115)

General Hospital 1962 - 2014 (TV Show)

Actor

A Letter to True 2005 (Movie)

Herself (Actor)

Michael Jackson: 30th Anniversary Celebration 2001 - 2002 (TV Show)

Actor

The Simpsons 1992 - 1993, 2002 (Tv Show)

Voice

The 58th Annual Golden Globe Awards 2000 - 2001 (TV Show)

Actor

God, the Devil and Bob 1999 - 2000 (TV Show)

Voice

James Bacon: The E! True Hollywood Story 1999 - 2000 (TV Show)

Actor

Get Bruce 1999 (Movie)

Herself (Actor)

The Barbara Walters Special (03/21/99) 1998 - 1999 (TV Show)

Actor

Can't Hurry Love 1995 - 1996 (TV Show)

Actor

High Society 1995 - 1996 (TV Show)

Actor

The Nanny 1995 - 1996 (Tv Show)

Actor

The New Adventures of Captain Planet 1990 - 1996 (TV Show)

Voice

How to Be Absolutely Fabulous 1994 - 1995 (TV Show)

Actor

Elizabeth Taylor 1993 - 1994 (TV Show)

Actor

In a New Light '93 1993 - 1994 (TV Show)

Actor

The Flintstones 1994 (Movie)

Pearl Slaghoople (Actor)

The Jackson Family Honors 1993 - 1994 (TV Show)

Actor

Larry King TNT Extra (03/03/93) 1992 - 1993 (TV Show)

Actor

The 65th Annual Academy Awards 1992 - 1993 (TV Show)

Actor

The American Music Awards 1992 - 1993 (TV Show)

Actor

Entertainers '91: The Top 20 of the Year 1991 - 1992 (TV Show)

Actor

In a New Light 1991 - 1992 (TV Show)

Actor

Michael Jackson... The Legend Continues 1991 - 1992 (TV Show)

Actor

The 64th Annual Academy Awards 1991 - 1992 (TV Show)

Actor

Richard Burton: In From the Cold 1989 - 1990 (TV Show)

Actor

Tennessee Williams' Sweet Bird of Youth 1989 - 1990 (TV Show)

Actor

Il Giovane Toscanini 1988 (Movie)

Nadia Bulichoff (Actor)

Michael Jackson 1987 - 1988 (TV Show)

Actor

Natalie Wood 1987 - 1988 (TV Show)

Actor

Fame, Fortune & Romance 1985 - 1987 (TV Show)

Actor

The 59th Annual Academy Awards Presentation 1986 - 1987 (TV Show)

Actor

The Barbara Walters Special (03/30/87) 1986 - 1987 (TV Show)

Actor

Bob Hope's High-Flying Birthday 1985 - 1986 (TV Show)

Actor

Liberty Weekend 1985 - 1986 (TV Show)

Actor

George Stevens: A Filmmaker's Journey 1985 (Movie)

Herself (Actor)

Malice in Wonderland 1984 - 1985 (TV Show)

Actor

On Top All Over the World 1984 - 1985 (TV Show)

Actor

The 50th Presidential Inaugural Gala 1984 - 1985 (TV Show)

Actor

Genocide 1980 (Movie)

Narration (Narrator)

General Electric's All-Star Anniversary 1978 - 1979 (TV Show)

Actor

The Mirror Crack'd 1979 (Movie)

Marina Gregg (Actor)

Winter Kills 1978 (Movie)

Lola Camonte (Actor)

A Little Night Music 1976 (Movie)

Desiree Armfeldt (Actor)

It's Showtime 1975 (Movie)

Herself (Actor)

The Blue Bird 1975 (Movie)

Mother (Actor)

Ash Wednesday 1973 (Movie)

Barbara Sawyer (Actor)

Identikit 1973 (Movie)

(Actor)

Night Watch 1973 (Movie)

Ellen Wheeler (Actor)

That's Entertainment! 1973 (Movie)

Narration (Narrator)

Hammersmith Is Out 1972 (Movie)

Jimmie Jean Jackson (Actor)

Under Milk Wood 1971 (Movie)

Rosie Probert (Actor)

X Y & Zee 1971 (Movie)

Zee (Actor)

The Only Game in Town 1970 (Movie)

Fran Walker (Actor)

Boom! 1968 (Movie)

Flora Goforth (Actor)

Doctor Faustus 1968 (Movie)

Helen of Troy (Actor)

Secret Ceremony 1968 (Movie)

Leonora (Actor)

Reflections in a Golden Eye 1967 (Movie)

Leonora Penderton (Actor)

The Comedians 1967 (Movie)

Martha Pineda (Actor)

The Taming of the Shrew 1967 (Movie)

Katharina (Actor)

Who's Afraid Of Virginia Woolf? 1966 (Movie)

Martha (Actor)

The Sandpiper 1965 (Movie)

Laura Reynolds (Actor)

Elizabeth Taylor in London 1963 - 1964 (TV Show)

Actor

Cleopatra 1963 (Movie)

Cleopatra (Actor)

The V.I.P.s 1963 (Movie)

Frances Andros (Actor)

Butterfield 8 1960 (Movie)

Gloria Wandrous (Actor)

Scent of Mystery 1959 (Movie)

The Real Sally Kennedy (Actor)

Suddenly, Last Summer 1959 (Movie)

Catherine Holly (Actor)

Cat on a Hot Tin Roof 1958 (Movie)

Maggie Pollitt (Actor)

Raintree County 1957 (Movie)

Susanna Drake (Actor)

Giant 1956 (Movie)

Leslie Lynnton Benedict (Actor)

Beau Brummell 1954 (Movie)

Lady Patricia (Actor)

Elephant Walk 1954 (Movie)

Ruth Wiley (Actor)

Rhapsody 1954 (Movie)

Louise Durant (Actor)

The Last Time I Saw Paris 1954 (Movie)

Helen Ellswirth (Actor)

The Girl Who Had Everything 1953 (Movie)

Jean Latimer (Actor)

A Place in the Sun 1950 (Movie)

Angela Vickers (Actor)

Little Women 1948 (Movie)

(Actor)

Life With Father 1947 (Movie)

(Actor)

National Velvet 1944 (Movie)

Velvet Brown (Actor)

A Date with Judy (Movie)

Carol Pringle (Actor)

AIDS: The Global Explosion (TV Show)

Actor

Between Friends (TV Show)

Actor

Conspirator (Movie)

Melinda Greyton (Actor)

Courage of Lassie (Movie)

Kathie Merrick (Actor)

Cynthia (Movie)

Cynthia Bishop (Actor)

Divorce His/Divorce Hers (TV Show)

Actor

Father of the Bride (Movie)

Kay Banks (Actor)

Father's Little Dividend (Movie)

Kay Dunstan (Actor)

Ivanhoe (Movie)

Rebecca (Actor)

Julia Misbehaves (Movie)

Susan Packett (Actor)

Lassie Come Home (Movie)

Priscilla (Actor)

Love Is Better Than Ever (Movie)

Anastacia Macaboy (Actor)

North and South (TV Show)

Actor

Poker Alice (TV Show)

Actor

Return Engagement (TV Show)

Actor

The Big Hangover (Movie)

Mary Belney (Actor)

The White Cliffs of Dover (Movie)

Betsy (age 10) (Actor)

There Must Be a Pony (TV Show)

Actor

These Old Broads (TV Show)

Actor

Victory at Entebbe (TV Show)

Actor
Producer (2)

The Taming of the Shrew 1967 (Movie)

(Producer)

The Caretaker 1964 (Movie)

funding (Producer)

Biography

With the arguable exception of Marilyn Monroe, no other star from Hollywood's Golden Age exerted a more enduring hold on the public's imagination than the violet-eyed beauty, Elizabeth Taylor. For nearly 70 years, the press chronicled every element of Taylor's very public private life, which was fraught with more melodrama, romantic intrigue, and scandal than the collected works of Jacqueline Susann and Harold Robbins combined. The eight marriages, medical crises, and headline-grabbing meltdowns all but eclipsed the fact that Taylor twice won the Best Actress Academy Award, for "Butterfield 8" (1960) and "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?" (1966), respectively. Or that the American Film Institute ranked the five-time Oscar nominee seventh on its list of the "25 Greatest Women Screen Legends" in 1999. And while Taylor's filmography was littered with critical and commercial flops - most infamously the epic box disaster "Cleopatra" (1963) - she also gave indelible performances in such classics as "National Velvet" (1944), "A Place in the Sun" (1951), "Giant" (1956) and "Cat on a Hot Tin Roof" (1958) - all of which added to her reputation as one of the most talented, larger-than-life actresses to have ever graced the silver screen.

Ironically, the raven-haired, violet-eyed screen siren elicited more pity than awe when she entered the world on Feb. 27, 1932. The second child of Francis and Sara Taylor, American expatriates living in London, the infant Elizabeth Rosemond Taylor suffered from hypertrichosis; which left her tiny body completely covered in soft black hair. Although her parents were understandably alarmed, their worries vanished after a few weeks when the unsightly hair fell away, revealing their newborn daughter's exquisite beauty. While Francis Taylor managed his uncle's art gallery, Sara lavished attention on Elizabeth, whom she simultaneously indulged and controlled. Both Elizabeth and her adored older brother Howard, three years her senior, were raised in privilege. Every whim was indulged, but at the same time, Sara carefully groomed Elizabeth to carry herself with poise, particularly after the four-year-old captivated an audience with her impromptu solo performance during a dance recital. A former actress with a handful of 1920s-era stage roles to her credit, Sara immediately recognized her daughter's nascent star quality. The same could not be said, however, of Hollywood film executives.

In 1941, two years after the Taylors left London to settle in Los Angeles, Sara Taylor finagled a six-month contract for nine-year-old Elizabeth at Universal Pictures; the ever enterprising stage mother had befriended the wife of Universal Pictures chairman J. Cheever Chowdin. Then a shy and sheltered little girl, Elizabeth made her inauspicious screen debut in a Universal short film, "There's One Born Every Minute" (1942) co-starring Carl "Alfalfa" Switzer of "Our Gang" fame. Taylor's performance as a bratty little girl in this quickie programmer failed to impress Universal's casting director Dan Kelly, who complained that Taylor's eyes were "too old" and that she did not "have the face of a kid." Subsequently dismissed by Universal, Taylor soon rebounded with an MGM contract, thanks to her father's friendship with producer Samuel Marx. In the midst of shooting "Lassie Come Home" (1943), starring Roddy McDowall and Donald Crisp, Marx was desperately looking for a young girl to play the small but pivotal role of Priscilla, the granddaughter of a rich Yorkshire landowner. Despite her inexperience - she had no formal training, just her mother's incessant coaching - Taylor nevertheless beat out four other actresses for the part. The resulting film did little to boost her profile on the MGM lot; in fact, the studio promptly loaned her out to 20th Century Fox for a brief role in "Jane Eyre" (1944).

Although her mother micro-managed Taylor's life and career, the 12-year-old MGM contract player was no longer the malleable naïf, thrust onto a soundstage, as she had been during her brief Universal tenure. Determined to play the coveted role of Velvet Brown, the horseback riding heroine of "National Velvet," Taylor launched a major charm offensive against Lucille Ryman Carroll, the head of MGM's talent department. She won the demanding role, which required her to play an English country girl masquerading as a boy to ride her beloved horse in the Grand National Steeplechase. Under Clarence Brown's sensitive direction, Taylor gave a spirited and utterly assured performance in this heartwarming adaptation of Enid Bagnold's novel, co-starring Mickey Rooney, Anne Revere, and another fresh-faced newcomer, Angela Lansbury. Thanks to "National Velvet," Taylor finally became a bona fide movie star. Unlike many of her classmates at the studio's little red schoolhouse, she never went through a career-ending "awkward stage." The ethereally lovely adolescent blossomed into a drop-dead gorgeous ingénue, equally believable playing teenagers and older women alike. In 1949, the same year she played Amy March in MGM's glossy remake of "Little Women," the studio cast the 17-year-old as Robert Taylor's wife in the espionage thriller, "Conspirator." She acquitted herself nicely in both roles, but the proverbial jury was still out as to whether Taylor was an actress of depth, rather than simply a glamorous leading lady.

If not for director George Stevens, Taylor might have continued providing little more than eye candy in MGM films, like the crowd-pleasing "Father of the Bride" (1950), starring Spencer Tracy. Stevens, however, saw in Taylor the vulnerability, passionate abandon, and inner strength to play Angela Vickers, the ravishing socialite heroine of "A Place in the Sun" (1951), his adaptation of Theodore Dreiser's classic novel, An American Tragedy. Not since "National Velvet" had she tackled such a demanding role - or given such a multi-dimensional performance - as she did here, portraying patrician girlfriend of a poor but rabidly ambitious factory worker, so desperate to get ahead that he commits murder. Challenged by Stevens and co-stars Montgomery Clift and Shelley Winters, Taylor erased any lingering doubts that she had the dramatic chops to tackle difficult roles. A critical and commercial smash, nominated for nine Academy Awards including Best Picture, "A Place in the Sun" should have brought Taylor choice dramatic assignments from MGM. By and large, however, the films she made over the next five years were mediocre at best. During this time, Taylor was generating more ink for her marriages - first, to hotel magnate Nicky Hilton (who she later claimed physically abused her), followed closely by British actor Michael Wilding (who would father two of her three children) - than her performances in such middling star vehicles as "The Girl Who Had Everything" (1953) and "The Last Time I Saw in Paris" (1954).

Once again, George Stevens effectively came to Taylor's professional rescue with another juicy role: the female lead in his sweeping, big-budget adaptation of Edna Ferber's Texas family saga, "Giant" (1956), co-starring Rock Hudson and James Dean. To play Leslie Benedict, a headstrong yet compassionate Virginia belle married to wealthy Texas cattle rancher Jordan "Bick" Benedict (Hudson), Taylor had to age 30-odd years convincingly. That she was more believable as a radiant newlywed than a graying, dowdy grandmother did not diminish what was an excellent performance that held up beautifully. Yet while her male co-stars both received Academy Award nominations for Best Actor - Dean, posthumously - Taylor's finely modulated performance in "Giant" was overlooked by the Motion Picture Academy. Despite the snub for her work in "Giant," Taylor received something more - a chance to form on location a lifelong close friendship with Hudson, who would become one of several of her closeted gay best friends, including Montgomery Clift and fellow child star, Roddy McDowall.

A year later, she would finally receive the first of her five Academy Award nominations for a film that The New York Times film critic Bosley Crowther savaged as a "formless amoeba of a thing: " "Raintree County" (1957). Years in the making, MGM's expensive, Cinemascope adaptation of Ross Lockridge, Jr.'s Civil War-era novel cast Taylor as Susanna Drake, a mentally unstable New Orleans beauty married to an idealistic Midwesterner (Montgomery Clift) fighting for the Union. Laboriously directed by Edward Dmytryk, Taylor's histrionic performance was the only spark in this turgid, overblown film that was chiefly remembered for Clift's unfortunate appearance. A near-fatal car accident during the film's production - which occurred after leaving Taylor's home in the Hollywood Hills - had left his formerly handsome face disfigured, so there was no consistency as to how he photographed throughout "Raintree County." Since the accident occurred not far from the Wilding home, not only did she race to Clift's side and keep him from choking to death by removing two of his teeth which had become lodged in his throat, she would nurse him back to health and provide as much nurturing as the tortured actor would allow. Due in no small part to personal demons and his inability to accept his disfigurement, Clift would become yet another imploder, self-destructive through drink and pills, who Taylor would attempt to help save.

Whereas "Raintree County" was best forgotten, Taylor's follow-up featured one of her very best performances. Unfortunately, as was becoming the norm in her life, career highlights came in tandem with personal tragedies. Having divorced Wilding in 1957 and that same year married husband No. 3 - film producer Mike Todd - Taylor was, for the first time in her married life, blissfully happy with a man completely in love with her. She had recently given birth to their daughter, Elizabeth "Liza" Todd, and was feeling a bit under the weather when Todd took a trip she had intended to accompany him on. Unfortunately the showman's private plane, "The Lucky Liz" crashed near Grants, NM on March 22, 1958. Taylor was so grief-stricken, she had to be sedated upon hearing the news. Still mourning the loss of her larger-than-life showman husband, she nonetheless plunged into the role of Maggie in Richard Brooks' powerful adaptation of Tennessee Williams' Broadway smash, "Cat on a Hot Tin Roof" (1958). The role fit Taylor's screen persona as tightly as the slip she wore in many scenes: Maggie is tempestuous yet tender; a vulnerable woman who refuses to be an emotional doormat. The scenes between Taylor and co-star Paul Newman crackled with sexual electricity. The film would bring Taylor her second Academy Award nomination. But at the same time she experienced this accolade, she found herself again making news for other, more salacious reasons.

While grieving the loss of Todd throughout 1958, Taylor had grown extremely close to his best friend, crooning sensation, Eddie Fisher. Unfortunately, any wife of a man within 10 feet of Taylor for more than an hour did not stand a chance. The wife in question just happened to be musical screen star, Debbie Reynolds. Together with Fisher, the couple had been coined "America's Sweethearts" for several years - even double-dating with Todd and Taylor on occasion. Unfortunately, Taylor and Fisher fell in love - or something akin to that; more than likely a shared grief instead - breaking up the "perfect marriage" of Fisher and Reynolds. It did not bode well for either Fisher or Taylor that Reynolds was often photographed solo with her two children, Carrie and Todd, securing the sympathy vote as the wronged woman. For the first time in her life, Taylor experienced a radical shift in public opinion: from sympathy at the loss of Todd, to outright rancor and disgust for stealing another woman's husband. Indeed, the Fisher/Taylor/Reynolds dust-up ended up being the biggest Hollywood scandal of the 1950s. Taylor's career would eventually recover, but Fisher's fans would prove less forgiving - helping the crooner fuel a lifelong addiction to pills and booze.

Despite the tabloid buzz of real-life "jezebel," Taylor would return to the Southern Gothic milieu of Tennessee Williams for her next film, "Suddenly, Last Summer" (1959), co-starring Katharine Hepburn and Montgomery Clift. A lurid psychodrama based on Williams' one-act play Garden District, "Suddenly, Last Summer" was the third and final film starring Taylor and Clift, as he was then spiraling downward into alcoholism and drug addiction. Given the well-documented tensions on the set, where Taylor and Hepburn frequently quarreled with director Joseph L. Mankiewicz and producer Sam Spiegel, it was a wonder that "Suddenly, Last Summer" was ever completed, much less turned out to be a compelling film. As for Taylor, her intense performance as Catherine Holly, an emotionally traumatized young woman scheduled to be lobotomized, earned her a third Academy Award nomination.

Now married to Fisher, Taylor's part in the love triangle three years prior would be forgiven after she nearly died from pneumonia in 1961. Her fight to survive not only made for great copy, it also earned Taylor the Motion Picture Academy's "sympathy vote" for her role as a Manhattan call girl in "Butterfield 8" (1960). Taylor herself had no illusions about why she won the 1960 Best Actress Oscar for her solid but unremarkable performance in a film she loathed. Everyone else seemed to know the down-low too. Fellow nominee Shirley MacLaine (for "The Apartment") reportedly exclaimed, "I lost to a tracheotomy!" Oscar in hand, Taylor returned to work with a lucrative vengeance: for playing the title role in Fox's mega-budgeted "Cleopatra" (1963), she became the first actor to receive a $1 million fee. Initially greenlit as a $2 million epic, shot in London by veteran Rouben Mamoulian, "Cleopatra" was dogged by costly delays from the start. Mamoulian exited the film, as did Taylor's original co-stars Peter Finch and Stephen Boyd; they were replaced by Joseph L. Mankiewicz, Rex Harrison and Richard Burton, respectively. Playing Marc Antony to Taylor's Queen of the Nile, the Welsh coal miner's son with the sonorous voice and handsomely ravaged face embarked on a steamy affair with Taylor - often blatantly in front of photographers on vacation. Looking the chump and perhaps experiencing a bit of karma, Fisher could only sit back while his wife continued to cozy up to Burton. Meanwhile, the budget for "Cleopatra" kept soaring as the production dragged on in Rome. When Mankiewicz finally screened his reported six-hour cut of the film for Fox executives, the budget for "Cleopatra" had topped $44 million (approximately $300 million, adjusted for inflation). As for Taylor, she ultimately pocketed a cool $7 million paycheck for "Cleopatra," as well as husband No. 5, once she and Burton divorced their respective spouses.

The tepidly received "Cleopatra" was the first of nine feature films starring the couple soon known around the world as simply, "Liz and Dick." Most of their films were negligible, if not downright terrible, like the treacly romantic drama "The Sandpiper" (1965) or "Boom!" (1968), a botched adaptation of Tennessee Williams' The Milk Train Doesn't Stop Here Anymore. It seemed that Taylor and Burton were too busy living a life of glittery, drunken excess to focus on their film careers. They would marry not once, but twice - first in 1964; then in 1975. All told, only two of their films withstood critical scrutiny: Franco Zefferelli's opulent adaptation of Shakespeare's "The Taming of the Shrew" (1967) and "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?" (1966). It was veteran screenwriter Ernest Lehman's brainstorm to cast Taylor and Burton as Martha and George in the latter, the embattled couple playing alcohol-fueled head games with a young professor and his mousy wife, in Mike Nichols' film version of Edward Albee's Pulitzer Prize-winning drama. Rumor had it that would not be much of a stretch for Burton and Taylor, a volatile couple whose boozy, top-volume arguments were already the stuff of tabloid legend. That said, it was difficult to envision the beautiful 34-year-old Taylor as the foul-mouthed, middle-aged Martha, a part character actress Uta Hagen had played to unanimous acclaim on Broadway. Studio boss Jack Warner had reportedly wanted to cast either Bette Davis or Patricia Neal in the role, rather than Taylor. Whatever reservations critics had about Taylor's casting evaporated, once she appeared onscreen, 25 pounds heavier and wearing a salt-and-pepper wig. Taylor deservedly won her second Best Actress Academy Award for Nichols' film, which received 13 nominations, including Best Picture, Director, and Actor for Burton, who lost to Paul Scofield for "A Man for All Seasons" (1966).

"Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?" marked the artistic peak of Taylor's film career. She continued making films, most notably "The Taming of the Shrew" and John Huston's haunting "Reflections of a Golden Eye" (1967), opposite Marlon Brando. Otherwise, her big screen vehicles over the last 40 years proved uniformly disappointing: "The Only Game in Town" (1970), "The Blue Bird" (1976), and "The Mirror Crack'd" (1980), to name just three. In 1994, she made her final feature film, Universal's live-action version of "The Flintstones." Like many actresses of a certain age, Taylor found better roles on the small screen. She startled soap fans by making an appearance as the evil Helena Cassadine at Luke and Laura's much publicized 1981 wedding on the daytime drama, "General Hospital" (ABC, 1963- ). She and Carol Burnett redeemed the soapy, HBO made-for-television film, "Between Friends" (1983). She also returned to the works of Tennessee Williams for Nicholas Roeg's NBC remake of "Sweet Bird of Youth" (1989), bravely playing an over-the-hill actress involved with a much younger gigolo (Mark Harmon). In 2001, she and Debbie Reynolds put the Eddie Fisher scandal behind them to join Shirley MacLaine and Joan Collins in the made-for-television comedy, "These Old Broads" (ABC, 2001), written by Reynolds' daughter, actress-writer Carrie Fisher.

Still, aside from her acclaimed, Tony Award-nominated performance in Austin Pendleton's 1981 Broadway revival of Lillian Hellman's "The Little Foxes," Taylor never again attempted anything as challenging as Martha in "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?" She and Burton would work together one last time - in a poorly received Broadway revival of Noel Coward's "Private Lives" in 1983, a year before his death - but acting had long since taken a back seat to Taylor's AIDS activism, which occurred in the wake of best friend Rock Hudson's 1985 death from the disease - to say nothing of a continued succession of post-Burton husbands including Senator John Warner in 1976, and later, a construction worker she met in rehab, husband No. 7, Larry Fortensky, in 1991. All would end in divorce. Although frequently plagued by serious illness and a very public battle with her weight in the 1970s, Taylor never retreated from the public eye, despite its occasional cruel judgments. It was home to her; a place she had lived comfortably roughly since birth. As she herself once explained, "I've been through it all, baby. I'm mother courage."

In her later years, Taylor was best known for continuing to champion AIDS research, which earned her a special Oscar, the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award, in 1993. She remained a tabloid fixture as singing superstar Michael Jackson's best friend, always at his side; as she had done for numerous friends in her life, she would loyally stand by the embattled singer during child molestation accusations against him in both 1993 and 2005. When he suddenly passed away in June 2009 of a drug overdose, a devastated and vulnerable Taylor made one of her final public statements about him and their friendship, giving the public the impression she might not rebound from her latest tragedy. She would survive another two years, suffering privately from heart problems which left her hospitalized for six weeks in 2011. Because she had cheated death numerous times over the decades, recovering from brain tumors, pneumonia and even a 30-year prescription drug addiction, many came to view her as indestructible. Sadly, on March 23, 20011, the screen goddess passed away from congestive heart failure, surrounded by her four children.

Relationships

Richard Burton Actor

Husband
Met while filming "Cleopatra" (1963) First married March 16, 1964 Co-starred in "The Sandpiper" (1965) and "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?" (1966) Divorced June 26, 1974 Married a second time Oct. 10, 1975 Second divorce Aug. 1, 1976

Maria Burton-Carson

Daughter
Born Aug. 1, 1961 in Germany Adopted 1964 with Richard Burton German orphan

Stanley Donen Actor

Companion
Briefly dated 1951

Eddie Fisher Actor

Husband
Fisher left wife Debbie Reynolds for Taylor 1959 Married May 12, 1959 Divorced March 6, 1964

Larry Fortensky

Husband
Met at the Betty Ford Clinic 1987; Taylor was 20 years his senior Married Oct. 6, 1991 at Michael Jackson's Neverland Ranch Divorced Oct. 31,1996 Taylor left him $825,000 in her will

Conrad Hilton

Husband
Heir of the Hilton Hotel chain; father founded Hilton Hotels Married May 6, 1950 Divorced Feb. 1, 1951

Victor Luna

Companion
Taylor broke off engagement 1984

William Pauley

Companion
Son of William Pawley Sr; the former U.S. ambassador to Brazil and Peru; considered Taylor's first true love Announced engagement June 1949

Dennis Stein

Companion
Taylor broke off engagement 1985

Francis Taylor

Father
American-born; lived and worked in London when Elizabeth was born

Sara Taylor

Mother
Former actress whose stage name was Sara Sothern; retired from the stage when she married Francis Taylor 1926 in New York; lived with husband in London when Elizabeth was born

Howard Taylor

Brother
Born 1929

Michael Todd Actor

Husband
Married Feb. 2, 1957 until his death March 22, 1958 in a plane crash

Elizabeth Todd

Daughter
Born Aug. 6, 1957; father, Mike Todd

John Warner Actor

Husband
Married Dec. 4, 1976 Divorced Nov. 7, 1982

Michael Wilding Actor

Husband
Married Feb. 21, 1952 Filed for divorce Oct. 4, 1956 Divorced Jan. 30, 1957

Michael Wilding Actor

Son
Born Jan. 6, 1953; father, Michael Wilding

Christopher Wilding

Son
Born Feb. 28, 1955; father, Michael Wilding Previously married to Aileen Getty (granddaughter of J. Paul Getty)

Jason Winters

Companion
Met 2007 while Taylor was promoting her jewelry line

EDUCATION

Vaccani School of Dance

Studied ballet

University High School

Los Angeles , California 1950

Milestones

2001

Last major acting performance, the ABC TV-movie "These Old Broads" with Shirley MacLaine, Debbie Reynolds, and Joan Collins

1994

Returned to features for the live-action film "The Flintstones"

1992

Lent her voice for baby Maggie's first word on Fox animated series "The Simpsons"

1991

Launched second fragrance "White Diamonds"

1988

Hosted syndicated TV documentary special "AIDS: The Global Explosion"

1987

Launched first fragrance "Passion"

1985

Played movie gossip columnist Louella Parsons in the TV-movie "Malice in Wonderland"

1983

Produced a Broadway revival of Noel Coward's "Private Lives" starring herself and Richard Burton; produced through a company she formed titled the Elizabeth Theater Group

1981

Made Broadway debut in a revival of Lillian Hellman's "The Little Foxes"; earned a Tony nomination for Best Actress

1981

Co-narrated (with Orson Welles) the Holocaust compilation documentary "Genocide"

1980

Last feature film role for 14 years, "The Mirror Crack'd"; also co-starred Rock Hudson

1973

Co-starred with Henry Fonda in "Ash Wednesday"

1973

Made TV-movie debut in the two-part "Divorce His, Divorce Hers"; again collaborating with Richard Burton

1972

Cast opposite Burton and Peter O'Toole in "Under Milk Wood"

1969

Re-teamed with director George Stevens to star in "The Only Game in Town"

1967

Co-starred with Marlon Brando in the John Hudson-directed "Reflections in a Golden Eye"

1967

Again collaborated with Burton for "The Comedians"

1966

Played Martha opposite Burton's George in Mike Nichols' adaptation of "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?"

1965

Re-teamed with then husband Richard Burton in "The Sandpiper"

1963

Hosted the CBS TV variety special "Elizabeth Taylor in London"

1963

Portrayed the title role of the big-budget feature "Cleopatra"; directed by Joseph L. Mankiewicz; Burton, who played Mark Antony, and Taylor began a much publicized off-screen affair during production

1960

Won first Academy Award for playing the lead role in "BUtterfield 8"; co-starred then husband Eddie Fisher

1960

Awarded a record setting contract of $1 million to portray the title role in "Cleopatra"

1959

Again co-starred with Clift in "Suddenly, Last Summer"; first collaboration with future husband, Eddie Fisher

1958

Co-starred with Paul Newman in Tennessee Williams' "Cat on a Hot Tin Roof"; earned a Best Actress Academy Award nomination

1957

Re-teamed with Montgomery Clift for "Raintree County"; earned a Best Actress Academy Award nomination

1956

Achieved critical acclaim playing the female lead in George Stevens's "Giant"; co-starred with Rock Hudson and James Dean

1954

Played the lead role in "Elephant Walk"

1951

Played a beautiful socialite opposite Montgomery Clift in George Stevens' "A Place In The Sun"

1951

Reprised role opposite Spencer Tracy in the sequel "Father's Little Dividend"

1950

First adult leading role, playing debutante Melinda Grayton in "Conspirator"

1950

Co-starred with Spencer Tracy in the romantic comedy "Father of the Bride"

1949

Final adolescent role, playing Amy in the American classic "Little Women"

1943

Appeared again opposite Roddy McDowall in "The White Cliffs of Dover"

1943

Achieved child star status playing the leading role in Clarence Brown's "National Velvet"

1942

First film for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, "Lassie Come Home"; also first film opposite Roddy McDowall

1941

Signed by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer eight months after Universal cancelled her contract

1941

Made screen debut at the age of nine in "There's One Born Every Minute"

1940

Signed a contract with Universal Pictures

1939

Family left London at the start of WWII and moved to Los Angeles, CA

Bonus Trivia

.

Taylor was called 'Elizabeth' by her friends, NEVER 'Liz.'

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The actress was named Commander Of The Arts and Letters by French government in 1985.

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Taylor received the French Legion of Honor in 1987.

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She was the recipient of the Aristotle S. Onassis Foundation Award in 1988 for her AIDS work.

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Taylor underwent replacement surgery on both hips in 1995.

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In 1997, Taylor underwent surgery for a benign brain tumor.

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Taylor fell in her home on Feb. 27, 1998 (her 66th birthday) and suffered a compression fracture in her lower back.

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She re-injured her back in another fall in her home in August 1999.

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She was made a Dame of the British Empire in December 1999.

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Taylor was awarded the Presidential Citizen's Medal in January 2001 on behalf of her humanitarian work.

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Taylor underwent radiation therapy in June 2002 to treat basal cell carcinoma, a form of skin cancer.

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In November 2004, Taylor was diagnosed with congestive heart failure.

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On May 30, 2006, Taylor appeared on "Larry King Live" (CNN) to refute the claims that she had been ill, and denied the allegations that she was suffering from Alzheimer's disease and was close to death.

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Taylor revealed she was going under the knife to improve blood flow to her heart. On Oct. 9, 2009, she assured fans her heart surgery went well. She posted on her Twitter.com page, "Dear Friends, My heart procedure went off perfectly. It's like having a brand new ticker. Thank you for your prayers and good wishes. I know they all helped. Love you, Elizabeth."

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