Emilio Fernandez

Director, Actor
Emilio 'El Indio' Fernandez is not only the most famous figure in the history of the Mexican film industry, he was for many decades a national symbol. Fernandez's legendary on-and-off screen persona incarnates a type of ... Read more »
Born: 03/26/1904 in El Seco, Coahuila, MX

Filmography

Actor (19)

Pirates 1986 (Movie)

Angelito (Actor)

El Tesoro del Amazones 1984 (Movie)

Paco (Actor)

Under the Volcano 1984 (Movie)

Diosdado (Actor)

Observations Under the Volcano 1983 (Movie)

Himself (Actor)

Las Amantes del Señor de la Noche 1982 (Movie)

Don Venustiano (Actor)

Detras de esa Puerta 1975 (Movie)

Police Director (Actor)

Lucky Lady 1975 (Movie)

'Ybarra' (Actor)

Bring Me the Head of Alfredo Garcia 1973 (Movie)

El Jefe (Actor)

Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid 1972 (Movie)

Paco (Actor)

El Rincon de las Virgenes 1971 (Movie)

Anacleto Morones (Actor)

The Wild Bunch 1969 (Movie)

Mapache (Actor)

A Covenant With Death 1966 (Movie)

Ignacio (Actor)

Return of the Seven 1966 (Movie)

Lorca (Actor)

The Appaloosa 1966 (Movie)

Lazaro (Actor)

The War Wagon 1966 (Movie)

Calita (Actor)

The Night of the Iguana 1964 (Movie)

Barkeeper (Actor)

The Reward 1964 (Movie)

Sargento Lopez (Actor)

La Cucaracha 1958 (Movie)

Antonio (Actor)

The Smugglers (TV Show)

Actor
Writer (5)

Salon Mexico 1995 (Movie)

from film("Salon Mexico") (Story By)

Zona Roja 1975 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

Pueblito 1961 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

La Red 1952 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

Maria Candelaria 1942 (Movie)

(Screenplay)
Director (5)

Zona Roja 1975 (Movie)

(Director)

La Choca 1973 (Movie)

(Director)

Pueblito 1961 (Movie)

(Director)

La Red 1952 (Movie)

(Director)

Maria Candelaria 1942 (Movie)

(Director)
Other (1)

The Night of the Iguana 1964 (Movie)

associate director (Production)

Biography

Emilio 'El Indio' Fernandez is not only the most famous figure in the history of the Mexican film industry, he was for many decades a national symbol. Fernandez's legendary on-and-off screen persona incarnates a type of Mexican "machismo" that grew out of the Mexican Revolution of 1910-17: the temperamental, at times violent, man committed to the defense of cultural nationalism--those ideals and values perceived as authentically "Mexican". Fernandez was born to an Indian mother in the Mexican state of Coahuila. As a young man he participated in the revolutionary struggles, and after the defeat of his faction he sought exile in the United States. In Hollywood in the late 1920s and early 30s, Fernandez worked as an extra and bit player while he learned about filmmaking.

In 1933 Fernandez was able to return to Mexico and the following year he commenced his long career in the Mexican motion picture industry, first as a screenwriter and actor. He had his first lead role, as an Indian, in the drama "Janitzio" (1934). El Indio's athletic physique and his strikingly Indian countenance made him much in demand to play revolutionaries, bandits and "charros" (Mexican cowboys). By the 1960s, Fernandez's off-screen reputation as a violent man had led to his typecasting as brutal villains in many Mexican and American films such as Sam Peckinpah's "The Wild Bunch" (1969), in which he played the sadistic military leader Mapache.

However, acting and screenwriting were lesser concerns for Fernandez, who became Mexico's most famous director in the 1940s, the so-called golden age of Mexican cinema. Two of El Indio's finest films were "Flor silvestre" and "Maria Candelaria" (both 1943). "Flor silvestre" is a rural melodrama-love-story-adventure set during the Mexican Revolution; "Maria Candelaria" tells the tragic tale of the suffering and love of an Indian peasant couple in Xochimilco, a picturesque area of gardens and waterways. Both these films and Fernandez's other important works from the 1940s--"Enamorada" (1946), "Rio Escondido" (1947) and "Pueblerina" (1949)--were co-scripted by the director and photographed by the prominent cinematographer Gabriel Figueroa. In these films, the Fernandez-Figueroa team developed a beautiful poetic-epic visual style evidently influenced by Sergei Eisenstein's unfinished "Que viva Mexico" (1932) and Paul Strand's photography for "Redes/The Wave" (1936). This style glorifies the beauty of the Mexican landscape through meticulously composed, stationary-camera long shots that highlight "typically Mexican" motifs: the prickly pear cactus and the maguey, the towering poplar trees along the waterways of Xochimilco, baroque churches, rolling clouds in boundless skies.

Fernandez continued directing films in Mexico until the mid-1970s, but his creativity started to decline in the 1950s. Today the director is best remembered for his distinctive visual style and his private notoriety--he was convicted of manslaughter in 1976 for fatally shooting a farm laborer, he claimed, in self-defense.

Relationships

Columba Dominguez

Wife
appeared in several of his films

EDUCATION

attended military college

Milestones

1976

Went to prison after killing a farm laborer in an altercation; released 1979

1941

Directorial debut, "La Isla de la pasion/Passion Island"

1934

First lead role as actor in "Janitzio"

1933

Returned to Mexico after general amnesty declared

1930

First film credit as actor, "The Land of Missing Men"

1923

Sentenced to 20 years imprisonment, escaped to California, worked as a film extra and actor in bit roles in Hollywood

Shot a film critic in a dispute

Worked as an assistant to John Huston on "The Unforgiven" (1960) and "The Night of the Iguana" (1964) during the 1960s

Was a lieutenant colonel in the army during the revolutionary insurrections in Mexico in the 1920s

SIMILAR ARTICLES