Freddie Young

Director of photography, Camera assistant, Director
Began his career in British film at the age of 15 and graduated to cinematographer in the late 1920s. Young went on to illuminate a host of British and Anglo-American productions and enjoyed a productive long-term ... Read more »
Born: 10/01/1902 in London, England, GB

Filmography

Camera, Film, & Tape (26)

Richard's Things 1981 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

Rough Cut 1980 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

Bloodline 1979 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

Ike 1978 - 1979 (TV Show)

Director of Photography

Stevie 1978 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

The Man in the Iron Mask 1976 - 1977 (TV Show)

Director of Photography

Great Expectations 1974 - 1975 (TV Show)

Director of Photography

The Blue Bird 1975 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

Permission to Kill 1974 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

Invitation to the Wedding 1973 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

Luther 1973 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

The Tamarind Seed 1973 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

Nicholas and Alexandra 1971 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

The Asphyx 1971 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

Ryan's Daughter 1970 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

Battle of Britain 1969 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

Sinful Davey 1969 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

You Only Live Twice 1967 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

Doctor Zhivago 1965 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

Rotten to the Core 1964 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

Gideon's Day 1958 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

Indiscreet 1958 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

Solomon and Sheba 1958 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

Treasure Island 1950 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

Contraband 1940 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)
Director (1)

Arthur's Hallowed Ground 1986 (Movie)

(Director)

Biography

Began his career in British film at the age of 15 and graduated to cinematographer in the late 1920s. Young went on to illuminate a host of British and Anglo-American productions and enjoyed a productive long-term association with director David Lean, earning Oscars for his color photography on such lush spectacles as "Lawrence of Arabia" (1962), "Doctor Zhivago" (1965) and "Ryan's Daughter" (1970).

Young also shot Vincente Minnelli's richly textured "Lust For Life" (1956) and Gene Kelly's "Invitation to the Dance" (1957), a film that integrated live action with animated footage. An octogenarian, Young directed his first film, "Arthur's Hallowed Ground", in 1985.

Relationships

Marjorie Gaffney

Wife
Married 1927 until her death 1963; adopted two children with Young

Joan Morduch Assistant Editor

Wife
Married 1964 until his death 1998

EDUCATION

dropped out at age 14

Milestones

1985

At age 82, directed first feature, "Arthur's Hallowed Ground"; part of producer David Puttnam's "First Love" series begun in 1983; made for British TV; received US theatrical release in 1986

1984

Final feature credit as director of photography, "Sword of the Valiant - The Legend of Gawain and the Green Knight"

1979

Served as director of photography for European locations on the ABC miniseries "Ike"; shared Emmy nomination

1977

Shot the NBC TV-movie "The Man in the Iron Mask"

1976

Was cinematographer on "The Blue Bird", directed by George Cukor; first joint US-USSR production

1974

Shot the NBC TV-movie "Great Expectations"

1970

Received fifth and last Academy Award nomination for work on the historical epic "Nicholas and Alexandra"

1969

Garnered third Oscar for his cinematography for "Ryan's Daughter"; final collaboration with David Lean

1967

Served as cinematographer for the James Bond film "You Only Live Twice"

1965

Earned second Academy Award for his luscious work on Lean's "Doctor Zhivago"

1962

First of five features with David Lean as director, the epic "Lawrence of Arabia"; received first Oscar for Best Cinematography

1960

Early TV credit, the "Hallmark Hall of Fame" production of "Macbeth"; released theatrically in 1963

1959

Left MGM to freelance

1956

With Russell Harlan, shared duties as director of photography on "Lust for Life"

1952

Earned initial Academy Award nomination for Best Cinematography for "Ivanhoe"

1949

Became chief cinematographer for MGM-British

1946

Shot "Caesar and Cleopatra"

1940

Shot "49th Parallel" for Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger; edited by Lean

1939

Served as director of photography on "Goodbye, Mr. Chips"

1939

"Nurse Edith Cavell" marked last collaboration with Wilcox

1938

Travelled to the USA; shot first American film, "Sixty Glorious Years" for RKO

1935

Initial screen collaboration with David Lean, "Escape Me Never", directed by Paul Czinner; Lean served as editor

1928

Joined Herbert Wilcox's company, British & Dominions

1926

First solo credit as director of photography, "Victory 1918"

1918

Worked as camera assistant

1917

Entered films at age 15 working at Gaumont Studios; did a variety of jobs from sweeping the studios to developing film to cranking the camera

Worked briefly in a munitions factory drilling the tops of hand grenades

Served as a captain with British army film unit during WWII; directed training films

Was chief director of photography for Wilcox

Bonus Trivia

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Appointed an Officer of the British Empire in 1970

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