Son of Roman journalist Filiberto Scarpelli, Furio Scarpelli spent the majority of his early childhood writing and drawing. During WWII he began working as an illustrator for various satire magazines. It was also during this time when he met Agenore Incrocci, who would later become his screenwriting partner and longtime collaborator; the two were known simply as Age & Scarpelli. Shortly after the end of the war, Scarpelli began penning scripts for Italian films like "Toto le Moko," "Vivere a sbafo," and "47 morto che parla." His breakthrough writing effort did not come until 1958, however, when he and Age wrote the screenplay for Mario Monicelli's Oscar-nominated offering, "Big Deal on Madonna Street." He continued to write screenplays through the end of the '50s and into the '60s with works like "Everybody Go Home" and "Mafioso" before earning widespread critical acclaim for his writing of the script for 1963's "The Organizer," another film directed by Monicelli; the film propelled Scarpelli's career into the late 1960s and early 1970s. His next notable work as screenwriter was 1965's "Casanova 70," which brought a second Academy Award nomination, and he quickly followed it up with the classic Spaghetti Western "The Good, the Bad and the Ugly," starring Clint Eastwood. His last significant screenplay was for the 1994 film "Il postino," which earned him his third and final Oscar nod. Scarpelli continued to write throughout the '90s and 2000s until his death in 2010.