Gary Cooper

Actor, Producer, Cartoonist
Gary Cooper's rugged mug, soft-spoken demeanor and earnest, haunted eyes for decades made him the quintessential lonely American of motion pictures, a more stoic, human protagonist versus boisterous, bigger-than-life ... Read more »
Born: 05/07/1901 in Helena, Montana, USA

Filmography

Actor (81)

It: Part One 2017 (Movie)

Newspaper Reporter (Actor)

Hollywood on Trial 1975 (Movie)

Himself (Actor)

The Naked Edge 1961 (Movie)

George Radcliffe (Actor)

Hedda Hopper's Hollywood 1959 - 1960 (TV Show)

Actor

The Hanging Tree 1959 (Movie)

Doc Joe Frail (Actor)

Man of the West 1958 (Movie)

Link Jones (Actor)

Ten North Frederick 1958 (Movie)

Joe Chapin (Actor)

The Wreck of the Mary Deare 1958 (Movie)

Gideon Patch (Actor)

They Came to Cordura 1958 (Movie)

Major Thomas Thorn (Actor)

Love in the Afternoon 1957 (Movie)

Frank Flanagan (Actor)

Friendly Persuasion 1956 (Movie)

Jess Birdwell (Actor)

The Court Martial of Billy Mitchell 1955 (Movie)

Billy Mitchell (Actor)

Garden of Evil 1954 (Movie)

Hooker (Actor)

Vera Cruz 1954 (Movie)

Benjamin Trane (Actor)

Blowing Wild 1953 (Movie)

Jeff (Actor)

High Noon 1952 (Movie)

Will Kane (Actor)

It's a Big Country 1952 (Movie)

Texas (Actor)

U.S.S. Tea Kettle 1950 (Movie)

Lieutenant John Harkness (Actor)

The Fountainhead 1948 (Movie)

Howard Roark (Actor)

Variety Girl 1947 (Movie)

(Actor)

Along Came Jones 1945 (Movie)

Melody Jones (Actor)

The Story of Dr. Wassell 1943 (Movie)

Dr Wassell (Actor)

Ball of Fire 1942 (Movie)

Bertram Potts (Actor)

Sergeant York 1941 (Movie)

Alvin C York (Actor)

The Pride of the Yankees 1941 (Movie)

Lou Gehrig (Actor)

Beau Geste 1938 (Movie)

Beau Geste (Actor)

Bluebeard's Eighth Wife 1937 (Movie)

(Actor)

The Cowboy and the Lady 1937 (Movie)

Stretch (Actor)

Souls at Sea 1936 (Movie)

Michael Taylor (Actor)

The Plainsman 1936 (Movie)

Wild Bill Hickok (Actor)

Desire 1935 (Movie)

Tom Bradley (Actor)

Mr. Deeds Goes to Town 1935 (Movie)

Longfellow Deeds (Actor)

The General Died at Dawn 1935 (Movie)

(Actor)

Lives of a Bengal Lancer 1934 (Movie)

Lieutenant McGregor (Actor)

Peter Ibbetson 1934 (Movie)

Peter Ibbetson (Actor)

A Farewell to Arms 1931 (Movie)

Lt Frederic Henry (Actor)

Morocco 1930 (Movie)

Tom Brown (Actor)

Wings 1927 (Movie)

Cadet White (Actor)

Arizona Bound (Movie)

Dave Soulter (Actor)

Beau Sabreur (Movie)

Maj. Henri de Beaujolais (Actor)

Bright Leaf (Movie)

Brant Royle (Actor)

Casanova Brown (Movie)

Casanova Brown (Actor)

Children of Divorce (Movie)

Ted Larrabee (Actor)

City Streets (Movie)

The Kid (Actor)

Design for Living (Movie)

George Curtis (Actor)

Dick Turpin (Movie)

Extra (Actor)

Distant Drums (Movie)

Capt. Quincy Wyatt (Actor)

Fighting Caravans (Movie)

Clint Belmet (Actor)

First Kiss (Movie)

Mulligan Talbot (Actor)

For Whom the Bell Tolls (Movie)

Robert Jordan (Actor)

Good Sam (Movie)

Sam Clayton (Actor)

His Woman (Movie)

Capt. Sam Whalan (Actor)

I Take This Woman (Movie)

Tom McNair (Actor)

If I Had a Million (Movie)

Steven Gallagher (Actor)

It's a Great Feeling (Movie)

Himself (Actor)

Legion of the Condemned (Movie)

Gale Price (Actor)

Lilac Time (Movie)

Capt. Philip Blythe (Actor)

Make Me a Star (Movie)

Guest Star (Actor)

Meet John Doe (Movie)

Long John Willoughby (Actor)

Northwest Mounted Police (Movie)

Dusty Rivers (Actor)

Now and Forever (Movie)

Jerry Day (Actor)

Old Ironsides (Movie)

Extra (Actor)

One Sunday Afternoon (Movie)

Bitt Grimes (Actor)

Operator 13 (Movie)

Capt. Jack Gailliard (Actor)

Paramount on Parade (Movie)

Guest Star (Actor)

Saratoga Trunk (Movie)

Col. Clint Maroon (Actor)

Seven Days Leave (Movie)

Kenneth Downey (Actor)

Springfield Rifle (Movie)

Maj. Alex Kearney (Actor)

The Adventures of Marco Polo (Movie)

Marco Polo (Actor)

The Devil and the Deep (Movie)

Lieutenant Sempter (Actor)

The Lucky Horseshoe (Movie)

Bit part (Actor)

The Real Glory (Movie)

Dr. Bill Canavan (Actor)

The Shopworn Angel (Movie)

William Tyler (Actor)

The Vanishing American (Movie)

Bit part (Actor)

The Wedding Night (Movie)

Tony Barrett (Actor)

The Westerner (Movie)

Cole Hardin (Actor)

The Winning of Barbara Worth (Movie)

Abe Lee (Actor)

Today We Live (Movie)

Richard Bogard (Actor)

Unconquered (Movie)

Capt. Christopher Holden (Actor)

Wild Horse Mesa (Movie)

Bit part (Actor)

Wolf Song (Movie)

Sam Lash (Actor)
Producer (1)

Along Came Jones 1945 (Movie)

(Producer)

Biography

Gary Cooper's rugged mug, soft-spoken demeanor and earnest, haunted eyes for decades made him the quintessential lonely American of motion pictures, a more stoic, human protagonist versus boisterous, bigger-than-life Hollywood supermen. Privately a debonair ladies' man with a taste for high society, he crafted an image as just the opposite, from his prototype cowboy talkie "The Virginian" (1929) playing shy, stoic "aw-shucks" her s. He built that image in such classics as Frank Capra's "Mr. Deeds G s to Town" (1936) and "Meet John D " (1941) and celebrated biopics like "Sergeant York" (1941) and "Pride of the Yankees" (1942). Though he cooperated with the U.S. government's Hollywood witch hunts early in the Cold War, he nevertheless made a triumphant comeback in the anti-blacklisting parable "High Noon" (1952), refusing to dissociate himself from the film's blacklisted writer, Carl Foreman, karmic punctuation to what had been, on screen anyway, a legacy of a weary everyman who nevertheless stood tall against mob mentality.

Relationships

Countess Dorothy di Frasso

Companion
American-born daughter of multi-millionaire Bertrand L Taylor

Maria Veronica Balfe Cooper

Daughter
married to composer Byron Janis c. 1966 and from whom she separated in 1996

Veronica Balfe

Wife
born c. 1912 introduced to society in 1931 met Cooper when she was a teenager living at the home of Cedric Gibbons and Dolores Del Rio married on December 15, 1933 separated briefly in 1951 reconciled and remained together until his death in 1961 acted in only two films ("King Kong" and "Blood Money", both 1933) died on February 18, 2000

Clara Bow Actor

Companion
had relationship in the late 1920s appeared together in "It" (1927) and three other movies

Evelyn Brent Actor

Companion
Cooper's mother said, "Evelyn has been good to Gary she has given him poise, she has taught him to think her influence has been excellent, and I will always regard her with affection and gratitude" the pair worked together on "Beau Sabreur" (1926) and "Paramount on Parade" (1930)

Charles Cooper

Father
British-born moved to the USA at age 19 settled in Montana practiced law and eventually served on the Montana State Supreme Court purchased the Seven-Bar-Nine ranch c. 1906 died in 1946

Alice Cooper

Mother
British returned to England with her two sons in 1910, purportedly for health reasons returned to the USA after seven years during WWI survived him

Arthur Cooper

Brother
born in 1895 survived him

Marlene Dietrich Actor

Companion
met during filming of "Morocco" (1930) writ later dropped Cooper's wife served Dietrich with a writ during divorce proceedings

Anderson Lawler

Companion
contract player with Paramount lived together in 1929

Patricia Neal Actor

Companion
appeared in three films together in 1949-50, including "The Fountainhead" had affair which led to Cooper's separation from his wife relationship ended c. 1951

Lupe Velez Actor

Companion
co-starred with Cooper in "Wolf Song" (1929) and shared a Laurel Canyon hideaway with him his mother disapproved and came between the pair

EDUCATION

Dunstable School

attended until outbreak of WWI

Grinnell College

Grinnell , Iowa 1921 - 1923

Wesleyan College

Bozeman , Montana
agricultural school

Milestones

1968

A nationwide televison popularity poll conducted by VARIETY still included Cooper and Clark Gable, though both had departed the scene nearly a decade before

1961

Presented with honorary Oscar for lifetime achievement on April 17; accepted by longtime friend Jimmy Stewart because Cooper was too ill to attend

1961

Narrated and appeared in the excellent documentary "The Real West", produced as part of NBC-TV's "Project 20" series; aired on March 26

1961

Last film, "The Naked Edge" (for Baroda), helmed by Michael Anderson; released posthumously

1960

Had two major abdominal operations for stomach cancer

1959

Acted in four films, including "The Wreck of the Mary Deare", directed by Michael Anderson

1958

Underwent treatment for an ulcer and had minor facial surgery

1958

Converted to Roman Catholicism, the religion of his wife and daughter

1958

Formed Baroda Productions; first film "The Hanging Tree" (1959)

1957

Romanced younger woman Audrey Hepburn in sparkling comedy "Love in the Afternoon", director Billy Wilder's first film co-written with I.A.L. Diamond

1956

Played a Quaker drawn reluctantly into Civil War in Wyler's "Friendly Persuasion"

1956

"Told" his memoirs to SATURDAY EVENING POST writer George Scullins, and they appeared in eight installments, entitled "Well, It Was This Way"

1955

Made TV debut as guest on "The Steve Allen Show"

1955

Suffered for his foresight as the title character of Otto Preminger's "The Court Martial of Billy Mitchell"

1954

Last of seven films directed by Henry Hathaway, "Garden of Evil", co-starring Susan Hayward and Richard Widmark

1953

Reteamed with Stanwyck for offbeat "Blowing Wild"

1952

Collected second Best Actor Oscar for his dignified, lone sheriff in "High Noon", a suspense Western revolving around the sheriff's crisis of conscience; written by Carl Foreman, it also operated as an allegory for the writer's difficulties with HUAC (he

1950

Reteamed with Neal for "Bright Leaf"; only film with Lauren Bacall

1949

His undaunted naturalism contributed strongly to the success of King Vidor's "The Fountainhead", co-starring Patricia Neal; Ayn Rand scripted from her 1943 best-selling novel

1947

Testified as a "friendly witness" before the House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC), investing Communism in Hollywood

1947

Played opposite Paulette Goddard in "Unconquered", the last of his over 50 films for Paramount; also marked final collaboration with DeMille

1946

Offered credible turn as a nuclear scientist caught up in espionage in Fritz Lang's "Cloak and Dagger"

1944

Romanced Bergman a second time in Wood's "Saratoga Trunk"

1944

Formed production company Cinema Artists for making of "Along Came Jones"; also producer

1942

Second time as Hemingway hero (Robert Jordan) in Sam Wood's "For Whom the Bell Tolls", opposite Ingrid Bergman; received fourth Best Actor Oscar nomination

1941

Portrayed baseball great Lou Gehrig in "The Pride of the Yankees"; nominated for an Academy Award as Best Actor

1940

Earned first Best Actor Oscar for Howard Hawks' "Sergeant York", the biopic of the WWI hero

1940

Reunited with Capra for "Meet John Doe", starring opposite Barbara Stanwyck

1940

Starred in William Wyler's "The Westerner", one of seven Cooper films in which Walter Brennan played a supporting role

1940

Turned down the leading role in Alfred Hitchcock's "Foreign Correspondent" (Joel McCrea undertook the part)

1939

US Treasury Department reported that Cooper was the nation's top wage earner at $482,819

1938

Reteamed with Colbert for "Bluebeard's Eighth Wife"

1937

Starred opposite Arthur in "The Plainsman", the first of four films with director Cecil B. DeMille

1936

Reunited with Dietrich and Borzage for "Desire"

1936

Received first of five Academy Award nominations as Best Actor for "Mr. Deeds Goes to Town", directed by Frank Capra and co-starring Jean Arthur

1934

First of seven features with director Henry Hathaway, "Now and Forever", co-starring Shirley Temple and Carole Lombard; association with Hathaway actually went back to several films directed by Victor Fleming on which Hathaway assisted

1933

Made stage debut at NYC's Paramount Theatre in skit directed by Ernst Lubitsch

1933

Fifth and last performance opposite Fay Wray in "One Sunday Afternoon"

1933

Played the White Knight in "Alice in Wonderland"

1932

Essayed his first Hemingway character (Frederick Henry) opposite Helen Hayes in Frank Borzage's "A Farewell to Arms"

1931

Starred opposite Claudette Colbert in "His Woman"

1930

Portrayed sardonic, independent soldier, too taciturn to spell out his love for Marlene Dietrich in Josef von Sternberg's "Morocco"

1928

Reteamed with Wellman for second "flyboy" movie, "Legion of the Condemned"; first film with Fay Wray

1928

First feature film with speaking part, "The Shopworn Angel"

1927

Had first starring role in the silent "Arizona Bound" (locations shot in Bryce Canyon, Utah); did his own stunt work

1927

Had walk-on as a reporter in "It", starring Clara Bow; first of four films in which both Bow and Cooper acted

1927

Played a key role in William Wellman's "Wings", having one scene ("When your time comes, you're going to get it") before dying; audiences remembered him, and fan mail poured in

1926

First came to attention as second lead in "The Winning of Barbara Worth"

1925

Screen acting debut in "The Thundering Herd"

1924

Joined his parents in Los Angeles, hoping to interest local newspapers in his artistic abilities

1923

Submitted many delightful cartoons and caricatures to the Helena (Montana) INDEPENDENT

1917

Returned to the USA

1910

Moved to England with his mother and older brother

During the summers while in college, worked as a guide in Yellowstone National Park

Born in and spent early childhood living in Montana

Worked as stunt rider and extra in Westerns before making acting debut

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