George Cukor

Director, Stage manager
One of the most respected directors of Hollywood's Golden Age, Oscar-winning filmmaker George Cukor was frequently described as a "women's director," thanks to his stellar collaborations with Katherine Hepburn on ten ... Read more »
Born: 07/07/1899 in New York City, New York, USA

Filmography

Director (53)

Rich and Famous 1981 (Movie)

(Director)

The Corn Is Green 1978 - 1979 (TV Show)

Director

Moment To Moment 1977 (Movie)

(Director)

The Blue Bird 1975 (Movie)

(Director)

Travels With My Aunt 1972 (Movie)

(Director)

Justine 1969 (Movie)

(Director)

My Fair Lady 1964 (Movie)

(Director)

The Chapman Report 1961 (Movie)

(Director)

Heller in Pink Tights 1960 (Movie)

(Director)

Let's Make Love 1960 (Movie)

(Director)

Les Girls 1957 (Movie)

(Director)

Wild Is the Wind 1957 (Movie)

(Director)

Bhowani Junction 1956 (Movie)

(Director)

A Star Is Born 1954 (Movie)

(Director)

It Should Happen to You 1953 (Movie)

(Director)

The Actress 1953 (Movie)

(Director)

Pat and Mike 1952 (Movie)

(Director)

The Marrying Kind 1952 (Movie)

(Director)

A Life of Her Own 1950 (Movie)

(Director)

Born Yesterday 1950 (Movie)

(Director)

Adam's Rib 1949 (Movie)

(Director)

Gaslight 1944 (Movie)

(Director)

Keeper of the Flame 1941 (Movie)

(Director)

A Woman's Face 1940 (Movie)

(Director)

The Philadelphia Story 1940 (Movie)

(Director)

Two-Faced Woman 1940 (Movie)

(Director)

Susan and God 1939 (Movie)

(Director)

The Women 1938 (Movie)

(Director)

Zaza 1938 (Movie)

(Director)

Holiday 1937 (Movie)

(Director)

Camille 1936 (Movie)

(Director)

Romeo and Juliet 1935 (Movie)

(Director)

David Copperfield 1934 (Movie)

(Director)

Sylvia Scarlett 1934 (Movie)

(Director)

Dinner at Eight 1932 (Movie)

(Director)

Little Women 1932 (Movie)

(Director)

A Bill of Divorcement 1931 (Movie)

(Director)

What Price Hollywood? 1931 (Movie)

(Director)

The Royal Family of Broadway 1929 (Movie)

(Director)

A Double Life (Movie)

(Director)

Desire Me (Movie)

(Director)

Edward, My Son (Movie)

(Director)

Girls About Town (Movie)

(Director)

Love Among the Ruins (TV Show)

Director

Marilyn Monroe: The Final Days (TV Show)

Segment Director

No More Ladies (Movie)

(Director)

Our Betters (Movie)

(Director)

The Animal Kingdom (Movie)

(Director)

The Cardboard Lover (Movie)

(Director)

The Corn Is Green (Movie)

(Director)

The Virtuous Sin (Movie)

(Director)

Winged Victory (Movie)

(Director)
Actor (2)

MGM: When the Lion Roars 1991 - 1992 (TV Show)

Actor

Hollywood: The Selznick Years 1968 - 1969 (TV Show)

Actor
Producer (2)

Travels With My Aunt 1972 (Movie)

(Executive Producer)

Ne Men... Alla 1971 (Movie)

(Executive Producer)
Other (1)

All Quiet on the Western Front 1930 (Movie)

(Dialogue Director)

Biography

One of the most respected directors of Hollywood's Golden Age, Oscar-winning filmmaker George Cukor was frequently described as a "women's director," thanks to his stellar collaborations with Katherine Hepburn on ten films, including "The Philadelphia Story" (1940), as well as Joan Crawford on "The Women" (1939), Ingrid Bergman on "Gaslight" (1944), Judy Holliday on "Born Yesterday" (1950), Judy Garland on "A Star is Born" (1957) and Audrey Hepburn on "My Fair Lady" (1964). The appellation, while appropriate, did not sufficiently explain the scope of Cukor's five-decade career; rather, it was his scrupulous attention to every detail of his films - from pace and design to casting, scripting and editing - that created a fluid, flawless aesthetic that remained almost invisible to viewers until after the final credits rolled. Though he worked in all genres - from comedies and dramas to musicals - his true focus was the complicated entanglement of relationships between friends and lovers in the face of political, social and interpersonal conflicts. In doing so, Cukor crafted a body of work that represented some of the finest pictures ever released by Hollywood studios; pictures that stood the test of time and changing audiences, who returned to Cukor's cinematic offerings in order to see a master craftsman at work.

Relationships

Victor Cukor

Father
married Ilona Gross in 1894

Helen Cukor

Mother
married Victor Cukor in 1894

Elsie Cukor

Sister
born in 1895 predeceased him

EDUCATION

DeWitt Clinton High School

New York , New York

Milestones

1981

Final feature film, "Rich and Famous"

1979

Final TV-movie, a remake of "The Corn Is Green" (CBS) starring Katharine Hepburn

1976

Went to Russia to direct the first Soviet-US co-production, the misguided "The Blue Bird", starring Elizabeth Taylor, Ava Gardner and Jane Fonda

1975

First TV-movie, "Love Among the Ruins" (ABC), starring Katharine Hepburn and Laurence Olivier; won Emmy Award

1972

Helmed "Travels with My Aunt"; star Maggie Smith garnered a Best Actress Oscar nomination

1968

Returned to features as director of "Justine", adapted from one of Lawrence Durrell's novels that comprised "The Alexandria Quartet"

1964

Won Best Director Oscar for helming "My Fair Lady", starring Rex Harrison and Audrey Hepburn; last film for five years

1962

Signed to direct Marilyn Monroe in "Something's Got to Give"; film never completed

1960

Directed Marilyn Monroe in "Let's Make Love"

1957

Helmed the musical "Les Girls", with Gene Kelly and Mitzi Gaynor

1954

Made first color film, "A Star Is Born", teaming Judy Garland and James Mason

1954

Last film with Holiday, "It Should Happen to You"

1952

Again directed Holiday in "The Marrying Kind"

1952

Reunited with Tracy and Hepburn for "Pat and Mike"

1950

Guided Judy Holiday to a Best Actress Oscar in "Born Yesterday"; received fourth Best Director nomination

1949

Helmed "Adam's Rib", which teamed Hepburn and Spencer Tracy

1947

Received third Best Director Oscar nod for "A Double Life", a drama about an actor who takes playing Othello a little too close to heart; star Ronald Coleman picked up a Best Actor Oscar

1943

Helmed "Gaslight", a thriller starring Ingrid Bergman (in an Oscar-winning performance), Charles Boyer and Angela Lansbury

1941

Enlisted in Army Signal Corps at age of 43; honorably discharged a year later and returned to MGM

1940

Directed Garbo in her final screen appearance in "Two-Faced Woman"

1940

Reteamed with Hepburn and Grant for another Philip Barry adaptation "The Philadelphia Story"; earned second Academy Award nomination as Best Director; James Stewart received the Best Actor Oscar

1939

Did uncredited tests for "The Wizard of Oz"

1939

Was fired from "Gone with the Wind"

1939

Directed an all-star cast in "The Women"

1938

Guided Hepburn and Cary Grant through "Holiday", an engaging adaptation of Philip Barry's romantic comedy

1936

Helmed both "Camille" with Greta Garbo and "Romeo and Juliet" with Norma Shearer and Leslie Howard

1935

Signed contract with MGM

1933

Directed Hepburn in "Little Women"; received first Best Director Oscar nomination

1933

Loaned to MGM for "Dinner at Eight"

1932

First film with Katharine Hepburn, "A Bill of Divorcement"

1932

Put under contract by RKO

1931

Solo film directing debut, "The Tarnished Lady"

1930

First film as co-director (with Cyril Gardner), "Grumpy"

1929

Went to Hollywood under contract to Paramount and earned first screen credit, as dialogue director for "River of Romance"

1926

Enjoyed first success as a Broadway director with "The Great Gatsby"

1925

Broadway directorial debut, credited as co-stager of "Antonia"

1922

General manager and actor with the Lyceum Players (Rochester, New York) where he made stage directing debut

1919

Hired as stage manager in Chicago for "The Better 'Ole"

1919

Became a Broadway stage manager, first for Edgar Selwyn organization, then for the Shuberts

1917

Served in sudent Army Training Corps

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