Groucho Marx

Actor, Comedian, Writer
With his signature glasses, cigar and grease-painted mustache, Groucho Marx led the manic madness of The Marx Brothers in more than a dozen films, highlighted by his rapid-fire, sardonic wit and mastery of the double ... Read more »
Born: 10/01/1890 in New York City, New York, USA

Filmography

Actor (26)

Lipstick & Dynamite 2005 (Movie)

Himself (Actor)

Mouthing Off: 51 Greatest Smartasses 2003 - 2004 (TV Show)

Actor

More of the Best of the Hollywood Palace 1992 - 1993 (TV Show)

Actor

MGM: When the Lion Roars 1991 - 1992 (TV Show)

Actor

Skidoo 1968 (Movie)

(Actor)

The Story of Mankind 1957 (Movie)

Peter Minuit (Actor)

Will Success Spoil Rock Hunter? 1957 (Movie)

Suprise Guest (Actor)

Love Happy 1948 (Movie)

(Actor)

Room Service 1937 (Movie)

(Actor)

A Day at the Races 1936 (Movie)

Dr. Hackenbush (Actor)

A Night at the Opera 1934 (Movie)

(Actor)

Duck Soup 1933 (Movie)

(Actor)

Horse Feathers 1931 (Movie)

Professor Wagstaff (Actor)

Monkey Business 1930 (Movie)

(Actor)

A Girl in Every Port (Movie)

Benny Linn (Actor)

A Night in Casablanca (Movie)

Ronald Kornblow (Actor)

Animal Crackers (Movie)

Capt. Jeffrey T. Spaulding (Actor)

At the Circus (Movie)

J. Cheever Loophole (Actor)

Copacabana (Movie)

Lionel Devereaux (Actor)

Double Dynamite (Movie)

Emil J. Keck (Actor)

Go West (Movie)

S. Quentin Quade (Actor)

Mr. Music (Movie)

Himself (Actor)

The Big Store (Movie)

Wolf J. Flywheel (Actor)

The Cocoanuts (Movie)

Mr. Hammer (Actor)

The DuPont Show of the Week (TV Show)

Actor
Writer (2)

Do Not Disturb 1959 - 1960 (TV Show)

Book as Source Material

The King and the Chorus Girl (Movie)

(Screenwriter)

Biography

With his signature glasses, cigar and grease-painted mustache, Groucho Marx led the manic madness of The Marx Brothers in more than a dozen films, highlighted by his rapid-fire, sardonic wit and mastery of the double entendre. Encouraged by their ambitious mother, Groucho and his brothers crafted their individual personas while toiling on the vaudeville circuit for more than 15 years before taking their act to Broadway in 1924. Working with writers like George S. Kaufman and ensemble players like Margaret Dumont, Groucho and the Marx Brothers eventually brought their comedic chaos to the cinema with such early hits as "The Cocoanuts" (1929), "Animal Crackers" (1930) and "Monkey Business" (1931). Underappreciated in its day, "Duck Soup" (1933) found the group at their unbridled creative peak, while the more structured "A Night at the Opera" (1935) and "A Day at the Races" (1937) were undeniably crowd pleasers. Although The Marx Brothers' film career began to wane in the years leading up to World War II, Groucho enjoyed a lengthy second career as the beloved host of the long-running game show "You Bet Your Life" (NBC, 1950-1961), which began on radio in 1947. Outliving his brothers Chico and Harpo and outlasting nearly all his contemporaries, the 82-year-old comedian had the crowd in stitches one last time with a sold-out performance at Carnegie Hall in 1972. Long before his passing, Groucho had become more than a movie star and comic legend - he was an indelible part of American iconography.

Relationships

Erin Fleming

Companion
born 1939 together from 1970

Kay Gorcey

Wife
married 1945 divorced 1951 previously married to actor Leo Gorcey

Eden Hartford

Wife
married 1954 divorced 1969

Ruth Johnson

Wife
married 1920 divorced 1942

Samuel Marx

Father
born in Alsace-Lorraine in 1860 died in 1933

Minnie Marx

Mother
born in Germany

Melinda Marx

Daughter
by second wife

Miriam Marx

Daughter
by first wife

Chico Marx

Brother
born 1887 died 1961

Gummo Marx

Brother
born 1892 died 1977

Harpo Marx

Brother
born 1888 died 1964

Manfred Marx

Brother
died in infancy

Zeppo Marx

Brother
born 1901 died 1979

Andrew Marx

Grandson
survived him

Al Shean

Uncle
brother of Minnie Marx born 1868 died 1949 half of vaudeville team Gallagher and Shean

EDUCATION

P S 85

New York , New York
dropped out at age 14

Milestones

1977

Grandson Andrew named conservator of estate after lengthy battle between Marx family and Erin Fleming

1972

Played Carnegie Hall in "An Evening of Groucho"

1968

Last film, "Skidoo"

1962

Served as host of the CBS gameshow "Tell It to Groucho"

1950

Hosted "You Bet Your Life" on TV (NBC)

1947

First film without brothers, "Copacabana"

1947

Hosted "You Bet Your Life" on radio

1929

Film debut in "The Cocoanuts"

1923

Broadway debut in "I'll Say She Is"

1920

Booked onto Keith-Albee vaudeville circuit with brothers

1915

Played the Palace in NYC for the first time; earned $1500 per week

1910

Formed The Three Nightingales with mother and aunt

1904

Left school and toured with The Larong Trio

1900

Acted with Gus Edwards' kiddie troup

Bonus Trivia

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Note should also be made of actress Margaret Dumont, "the female Marx Brother", who appeared in seven films with the brothers and certainly contributed more to their act than actual brothers Zeppo and Gummo.

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