Hal Ashby

Director, Editor, Producer
After winning acclaim as a film editor, Hal Ashby went on to establish himself as one of the leading directors of the 1970s. He proved successful with both satiric material and strong drama and was able to elicit ... Read more »
Born: 09/01/1929 in Ogden, Utah, USA

Filmography

Director (13)

Beverly Hills Buntz 1987 - 1988 (Tv Show)

Director

8 Million Ways to Die 1986 (Movie)

(Director)

The Slugger's Wife 1985 (Movie)

(Director)

Let's Spend the Night Together 1983 (Movie)

(Director)

Lookin' to Get Out 1982 (Movie)

(Director)

Being There 1979 (Movie)

(Director)

Second-Hand Hearts 1979 (Movie)

(Director)

Coming Home 1978 (Movie)

(Director)

Bound For Glory 1976 (Movie)

(Director)

Shampoo 1975 (Movie)

(Director)

The Last Detail 1973 (Movie)

(Director)

Harold and Maude 1971 (Movie)

(Director)

The Landlord 1970 (Movie)

(Director)
Editor (4)

The Thomas Crown Affair 1968 (Movie)

film editor (Editor)

In the Heat of the Night 1967 (Movie)

(Editor)

The Cincinnati Kid 1965 (Movie)

(Editor)
Producer (2)

Gaily, Gaily 1969 (Movie)

(Associate Producer)

The Thomas Crown Affair 1968 (Movie)

(Associate Producer)
Actor (1)

Lookin' to Get Out 1982 (Movie)

Face on TV (Actor)

Biography

After winning acclaim as a film editor, Hal Ashby went on to establish himself as one of the leading directors of the 1970s. He proved successful with both satiric material and strong drama and was able to elicit excellent performances from a gallery of actors including Lee Grant, Jon Voight and Jane Fonda, all of whom won Oscars under Ashby's direction.

Born and raised in Utah, Ashby had a rather unhappy childhood. His parents divorced when he was around six and his father committed suicide seven years later. Finding school work difficult, Ashby dropped out in his senior year. A period of instability followed; reportedly he held a number of jobs and was twice married and divorced before he decided to hitchhike to L.A. in 1953. Thanks to the California State Department of Unemployment, he began his Hollywood career as a mimeograph machine operator at Universal Studios in 1957. Deciding that he wanted to direct movies, Ashby was told the best way to achieve that goal would be to become a film editor. Despite finding the union rules (which required an eight year apprenticeship) somewhat stifling, the fledgling filmmaker began as an assistant to Robert Swink, earning his first credit on "The Big Country" in 1958. Within a decade, he had risen to editor on Tony Richardson's "The Loved One" (1964). Norman Jewison tapped him to cut "The Cincinnati Kid" (1965) and the pair went on to establish a fruitful collaboration that yielded "The Russians Are Coming, The Russians Are Coming" (1966, for which Ashby earned his first Oscar nomination), "In the Heat of the Night" (1967, for which he won an Oscar) and, especially, "The Thomas Crown Affair" (1968). The latter marked Ashby's first collaboration with Pablo Ferro, who created and edited the special multiple screen effects sequence which garnered much critical praise; they were to work on a number of other projections over the next decade.

When Jewison was unable to carry out the assignment of helming "The Landlord" (1970), he offered Ashby a chance to handle the directing chores. An offbeat comedy about a rich white man (Beau Bridges) who buys a Brooklyn tenement in a ghetto and finds the residents unwilling to move. Critics were divided as to whether the film was hilarious or too slick. Lee Grant earned a Best Supporting Actress Oscar nomination as Bridges' dense mother.

Ashby's second outing behind the cameras resulted in the cult classic "Harold and Maude" (1971). Another black comedy with a biting script by Colin Higgins, the film centered on the unlikely relationship between a rich kid (Bud Cort) who fakes suicides and a free-spirited septuagenarian (Ruth Gordon). Ashby demonstrated a sure hand with the actors (particularly Vivian Pickles as Harold's mother) and struck a balance between whimsy and absurdity.

"The Last Detail" (1973) was on the surface a road movie about two military policemen (Jack Nicholson and Otis Young) assigned to escort a kleptomaniac sailor (Randy Quaid) from Virginia to a navy prison in New Hampshire. With a bitterly cynical script by Robert Towne, "Last Detail" marked the turning point in Ashby's career, with many critics proclaiming this film his best. Focusing more on character and eschewing flashy techniques, the director executed a somber variation on the theme of much of his work: how does one live? "The Landlord" and "Harold and Maude" both suggested individualistic approaches to life from an external view while in "The Last Detail", the issue is internalized. Life for its characters is a series of prisons, many of their own making. To symbolize this constriction, Ashby employed fewer rhythmic montages and used more dissolves and tight shots. The result earned Oscar nods for stars Nicholson and Quaid and for Towne's script.

As a follow-up, the director was initially set to reteam with Nicholson on "One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest", but a disagreement over the direction of the script led to Ashby's resignation. Instead, he became intrigued by a script that Robert Towne and Warren Beatty had co-written, "Shampoo" (1975), a satirical look at the mores of Beverly Hills. Ashby was near his peak handling the story's complicated sexual entanglements and amoral characters that were reminiscent of a Restoration comedy. "Shampoo" was a box-office hit and garnered a Best Supporting Actress Oscar for Lee Grant.

With the clout of a success, the director signed to helm a biopic of folk singer Woody Guthrie, "Bound for Glory" (1976), adapted from the singer's autobiography by Robert Getchell. Gorgeously photographed by Haskell Wexler, the well-cast feature (including David Carradine, Melinda Dillon and Ronny Cox) received critical encomiums but a so-so box office. Ashby's direction was cited by several reviewers who praised the pacing and dramatically credible storytelling. The film was nominated for six Oscars, including Best Picture and won for Wexler's cinematography and Leonard Rosenman's adapted musical score. Ironically, Ashby was not nominated as Best Director.

He would receive that honor for his next film, the Vietnam-era drama "Coming Home" (1978). Initiated by star Jane Fonda, who had her own history in the anti-war movement, the film was a character study that narrowly avoided verging into soap opera. Reportedly, when production began, there was no completed script, yet however difficult a shoot it might have been, audiences embraced the results. "Coming Home" was a financial success and, along with "The Deer Hunter" (also 1978), helped Americans confront some of the legacies of the Vietnam War despite its triangular love story between Fonda, Jon Voight (as a paraplegic) and Bruce Dern (as Fonda's gung-ho Marine husband). Overall, the film earned eight Oscar nominations and won awards for Fonda, Voight and screenwriters Nancy Dowd, Waldo Salt and Robert C Jones.

The last of Ashby's well-received films was "Being There" (1979), a black comedy about life in the television age that was marred by its length. Again, the director elicited terrific performances. Peter Sellers had the lead playing a simple-minded gardener whose homely pronouncements are misinterpreted as profound statements; eventually he goes from nobody to household name and presidential candidate. Among the others in the outstanding cast were Jack Warden (as the US president), Shirley MacLaine as a wealthy society matron and Melvyn Douglas (who earned his second Best Supporting Actor Oscar) as her billionaire husband. Ashby handled the material with a sure hand and the film provoked many heated debates over its themes.

The decade of the 1980s, however, saw Ashby hit a slump from which he never recovered. Some attributed the decline in quality to personal problems (including alleged substance abuse) while others faulted his choice of material. "Second-Hand Hearts" (1980) had actually been filmed before "Being There" but a distribution disagreement delayed its release. Originally titled "The Hampster of Happiness", the film was a road movie about a drunken loser (Robert Blake) who marries an aspiring singer (Barbara Harris). Critics further carped over "Lookin' to Get Out" (1982), co-written by star Jon Voight, was a predictable Runyonesque story of a small-time gambler. Shot in 1980, Ashby spent over two years editing the film, but the end result was dismissed by the critics and audiences. Except for the superior documentary of the Rolling Stones tour, "Let's Spend the Night Together" (1982), Ashby's remaining output was inferior to his best work. "The Slugger's Wife" (1984) was a bad Neil Simon script loosely based on the real-life romance of baseball player Mike Marshall and rock singer Belinda Carlisle with Michael O'Keefe and Rebecca DeMornay. Most reviewers singled out the supporting cast (including Martin Ritt and Randy Quaid) but over-all gave thumbs down. Ashby's last feature was "8 Million Ways to Die" (1986), a tale of drug dealers adapted from Lawrence Block novel by Oliver Stone. He was eventually locked out of the editing room after clashing with the producers over the direction of the film. The final result met a mixed critical reception and was a box-office disappointment.

At the time of his death from liver and colon cancer in December 1988, Ashby had a number of projects in development, including "Tootsie", several projects with Jack Nicholson and an adaptation of Truman Capote's "Hand Carved Coffins".

Relationships

Jack Ashby

Brother
survived him

Joan Ashby

Wife
Ashby's widow later married Mel Bartfield died on June 28, 1992 in Jamaica of lung cancer survived by Bartfield and one daughter

Dyan Cannon Actor

Companion
dated in the early 1970s

Mimi Machu

Companion

Ardith Thompson

Sister
survived him

EDUCATION

dropped out of high school in senior year

Milestones

1987

Helmed the pilot for the TV series "Beverly Hills Buntz"

1986

Directed last film, "Eight Million Ways to Die"

1982

Helmed the documentary "Let Spend the Night Together", about the Rolling Stones

1979

Won further acclaim for directing Peter Sellars in "Being There"

1978

Earned Best Director Oscar nomination for "Coming Home"

1976

Helmed the acclaimed biopic of folk singer Woody Guthrie, "Bound for Glory"; film earned Best Picture Oscar nomination

1975

Teamed with Robert Towne and Warren Beatty to helm "Shampoo"

1970

Directed the cult classic "Harold and Maude"

1969

Film directing debut, "The Landlord"

1968

First film as associate producer (also supervising editor), "The Thomas Crown Affair"

1967

Won Best Editing Oscar for Jewison's "In the Heat of the Night"

1966

Garnered first Oscar nomination for Best Editing for Jewison's comedy "The Russians Are Coming, The Russians Are Coming"

1965

First film as solo editor, "The Cincinnati Kid"; first screen collaboration with Norman Jewison

1965

First film as co-editor, "The Loved One"

1958

First film credit, "The Big Country"; worked under Robert Swink who became Ashby's mentor

1953

Hitchhiked to Los Angeles

1940

Father committed suicide

Became apprentice film editor

Worked numerous jobs before becoming multilith operator at Republic Pictures; responsible for duplicating scripts

Hired by MGM to direct a film starring Jack Nicholson; project dropped when studio would not approve female lead; Nicholson and Ashby then teamed for "The Last Detail" (1973)

Chosen to direct "One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest"; resigned over disgreements about the script

Raised in Utah; one of the few non-Mormon families in his neighborhood

Bonus Trivia

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"A common denominator of all his films is the excellence of the performances. Mr. Ashby casts his films as carefully as he directs them." --Vincent Canby, quoted in Ashby's obituary in The New York Times, December 28, 1988.

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