Herbert J Biberman
Stage actor and director who joined Columbia in 1935 and directed three films before being victimized as one of the "Hollywood Ten" in 1947. After serving a six-month jail term for contempt of Congress, Biberman made "Salt of the Earth" (1954), a potent socialist drama about striking New Mexico mineworkers. The film earned critical acclaim in Europe but, due to continued blacklisting, did not enjoy general US release until 1965. Biberman was married to actress Gale Sondergaard from 1930.