Jack Cardiff

Director of photography, Director, Actor
The son of vaudevillians, Jack Cardiff began his long and distinguished career as a child actor in silent films. When he hit his teens, he moved to behind-the-scenes work and earned his first screen credit as a ... Read more »
Born: 09/18/1914 in Yarmouth, England, GB

Filmography

Camera, Film, & Tape (52)

Where Love Reigns 2014 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

The Red Shoes 1993 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

Call From Space 1989 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

The Magic Balloon 1989 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

Million Dollar Mystery 1987 (Movie)

(Camera Operator)

Million Dollar Mystery 1987 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

Tai-Pan 1986 (Movie)

(Camera Operator)

Tai-Pan 1986 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

Rambo: First Blood Part II 1985 (Movie)

(Camera Operator)

Rambo: First Blood Part II 1985 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

Stephen King's Cat's Eye 1985 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

Conan the Destroyer 1984 (Movie)

Photographer (Photography)

Conan the Destroyer 1984 (Movie)

(Camera Operator)

Scandalous 1984 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

The Last Days of Pompeii 1983 - 1984 (TV Show)

Director of Photography

The Wicked Lady 1982 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

Ghost Story 1981 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

A Man, a Woman and a Bank 1979 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

The Awakening 1979 (Movie)

camera operator 2nd unit (Camera Operator)

The Awakening 1979 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

The Dogs of War 1979 (Movie)

(Photography)

The Dogs of War 1979 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

Avalanche Express 1978 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

Crossed Swords 1978 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

Death on the Nile 1978 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

Death on the Nile 1978 (Movie)

(Camera Operator)

The 5th Musketeer 1978 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

Ride a Wild Pony 1974 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

Scalawag 1973 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

Fanny 1961 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

The Diary of Anne Frank 1958 (Movie)

location photography (Photography)

The Vikings 1958 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

Legend of the Lost 1957 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

The Prince and the Showgirl 1957 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

The Brave One 1956 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

War and Peace 1956 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

Crossed Swords 1954 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

The Barefoot Contessa 1954 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

The African Queen 1952 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

Pandora and the Flying Dutchman 1951 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

The Magic Box 1950 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

Black Narcissus 1947 (Movie)

(Photography)

Stairway to Heaven 1947 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

The Four Feathers 1938 (Movie)

(Photography)

Caesar and Cleopatra (Movie)

(Cinematographer)

Knight Without Armour (Movie)

(Cinematographer)

The Black Rose (Movie)

(Cinematographer)

The Far Pavilions (TV Show)

Director of Photography

The Last Days of Pompeii (Movie)

(Cinematographer)

The Master of Ballantrae (Movie)

(Cinematographer)

Under Capricorn (Movie)

(Cinematographer)

Wings of the Morning (Movie)

(Cinematographer)
Director (13)

The Exes 2011 (Tv Show)

Director

The Mutation 1973 (Movie)

(Director)

La Motocyclette 1967 (Movie)

(Director)

The Mercenaries 1967 (Movie)

(Director)

The Liquidator 1966 (Movie)

(Director)

Young Cassidy 1965 (Movie)

(Director)

The Long Ships 1963 (Movie)

(Director)

The Lion 1962 (Movie)

(Director)

My Geisha 1961 (Movie)

(Director)

Satan Never Sleeps 1961 (Movie)

(additional sequences) (Director)

Sons and Lovers 1960 (Movie)

(Director)

Scent of Mystery 1959 (Movie)

(Director)

Intent to Kill 1957 (Movie)

(Director)
Actor (3)

Cameraman: The Life and Work of Jack Cardiff 2011 (Movie)

Himself (Actor)

The Hustons: Hollywood's Maverick Dynasty 1998 - 1999 (TV Show)

Actor

Glorious Technicolor (TV Show)

Actor

Biography

The son of vaudevillians, Jack Cardiff began his long and distinguished career as a child actor in silent films. When he hit his teens, he moved to behind-the-scenes work and earned his first screen credit as a glorified 'go-fer,' billed as fourth assistant director on "The Informer" in 1929. He quickly rose through the ranks from clapper boy to focus puller to second-unit cameraman. He was a camera operator on what is reputedly the first British Technicolor feature, "Wings of the Morning" (1937). As he emerged as a major director of photography in the 1940s, Cardiff garnered a reputation for his bold use of color. He shot the Powell-Pressburger masterpieces "Stairway to Heaven/A Matter of Life and Death" (1946), "Black Narcissus" (1947) - for which he won a Best Cinematography Oscar - and "The Red Shoes" (1948). Cardiff went on to become one of the finest practitioners of cinematography, skillfully utilizing color to enhance such features as John Huston's "The African Queen" (1951), Joseph L. Mankiewicz's "The Barefoot Contessa" (1954) and King Vidor's "War and Peace" (1956), for which he earned an Oscar nomination.

Relationships

John Cardiff

Father

Florence Cardiff

Mother

Julia Mickelboro

Wife
Married in 1940

Milestones

1996

Published memoirs, Magic Hour: The Life of a Cameraman

1984

First TV work as cinematographer, "The Far Pavillions" (HBO) and "The Last Days of Pompeii" (ABC)

1974

Last feature as director, "The Mutation"

1973

Returned to work as director of photography on Kirk Douglas' directorial debut, "Scalawag"

1964

Assumed direction of "Young Cassidy" when John Ford fell ill

1961

Earned Oscar nomination for Best Cinematography (Color) for "Fanny"; last film as cinematographer for over a decade

1960

Won critical praise and several accolades (including a Best Director Oscar nomination) for "Sons and Lovers," based on the D. H. Lawrence novel

1958

Feature directing debut, "Intent to Kill"

1956

Won acclaim and an Oscar nomination for work on King Vidor's "War and Peace"

1953

Began directing "William Tell" starring Errol Flynn; project abandoned after a few weeks of shooting

1951

Was director of photography for John Huston's "The African Queen"

1947

Won first Oscar for work on the Powell-Pressburger film "Black Narcissus"

1946

First fiction feature as sole director of photography, "A Matter of Life and Death/Stairway to Heaven"; also first collaboration with Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger

1943

First feature-length film (semi-documentary) as director of photography, "Western Approaches/The Raider" (directed by Pat Jackson)

1941

First feature credit as co-director of photography, "The Great Mr. Handel"

1941

Shot "additional photography" on "The Life and Death of Colonel Blimp"

1939

Did uncredited work as director of photography (location shooting only) on "The Four Feathers"

1936

Was camera operator for London Films

1936

Early feature credit, the photography for "As You Like It," directed by Paul Czinner

1928

First film as camera operator assistant

1918

Was a child actor in films, including "Tiptoes"

Debut as short film director of photography, "Rome Symphony/Sinfonia di Roma"; first of 15 films Cardiff shot for travelogue series called "World Window Productions/Fascinating Journies"

Bonus Trivia

.

Made an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in December 1999

SIMILAR ARTICLES