Jackie Cooper

Actor, Director, Producer
One of the most popular child actors in Hollywood history, Jackie Cooper won moviegoers' hearts as the adorable lead in such classic melodramas as "The Champ" (1931) and "Treasure Island" (1934). Unlike many of his ... Read more »
Born: 09/14/1922 in Los Angeles, California, USA

Filmography

Actor (66)

CSI: Miami 2011 (Tv Show)

Actor

Judy Garland: Beyond the Rainbow 1996 - 1997 (TV Show)

Actor

Sports on the Silver Screen 1996 - 1997 (TV Show)

Actor

Inside the Dream Factory 1994 - 1995 (TV Show)

Actor

Lucy & Desi: TV's First Couple 1994 - 1995 (TV Show)

Actor

M*A*S*H 1955 - 1958, 1972 - 1992 (TV Show)

Actor

MGM: When the Lion Roars 1991 - 1992 (TV Show)

Actor

Mobile One 1955 - 1958, 1972 - 1992 (TV Show)

Actor

The Hollywood Chronicles 1989 - 1990 (TV Show)

Actor

Going Hollywood: The War Years 1987 (Movie)

Himself (Actor)

Murder, She Wrote 1986 - 1987 (Tv Show)

Actor

Superman IV: the Quest for Peace 1987 (Movie)

Perry White (Actor)

Surrender 1987 (Movie)

Ace Morgan (Actor)

The 38th Annual Emmy Awards 1986 - 1987 (TV Show)

Actor

The People's Choice 1955 - 1958, 1976 - 1977, 1979 - 1987 (TV Show)

Actor

Superman III 1983 (Movie)

Perry White (Actor)

Superman II 1981 (Movie)

Perry White (Actor)

Operation Petticoat 1977 - 1978 (TV Show)

Actor

Superman 1978 (Movie)

Perry White (Actor)

The Invisible Man 1974 - 1975 (TV Show)

Actor

The Pink Panther Strikes Again 1975 (Movie)

Service Repairman (Actor)

Dean Martin's Comedy World 1973 - 1974 (TV Show)

Actor

Doctor Dan 1973 - 1974 (TV Show)

Actor

Chosen Survivors 1973 (Movie)

Raymond Couzins (Actor)

Keeping an Eye on Denise 1972 - 1973 (TV Show)

Actor

Of Men of Women 1972 - 1973 (TV Show)

Actor

The Astronaut 1971 - 1972 (TV Show)

Actor

Maybe I'll Come Home in the Spring 1970 - 1971 (TV Show)

Actor

What's Up, America? 1970 - 1971 (TV Show)

Actor

What's Up? 1970 - 1971 (TV Show)

Actor

The Love Machine 1970 (Movie)

Danton Miller (Actor)

The Dick Powell Show 1961 - 1963 (TV Show)

Actor

Alcoa/Goodyear Theater 1958 - 1960 (TV Show)

Actor

Schlitz Playhouse of Stars 1951 - 1959 (TV Show)

Actor

Revlon Mirror Theater 1952 - 1954 (TV Show)

Actor

The Navy Comes Through 1941 (Movie)

(Actor)

That Certain Age 1937 (Movie)

(Actor)

White Banners 1937 (Movie)

(Actor)

Devil Is a Sissy 1935 (Movie)

(Actor)

The Champ 1930 (Movie)

Dink Purcell (Actor)

Boy of the Streets (Movie)

Chuck (Actor)

Child Stars: Their Story (TV Show)

Actor

Fox Movietone Follies of 1929 (Movie)

Guest (Actor)

Gangster's Boy (Movie)

Larry Kelly (Actor)

Lucy and Desi: A Home Movie (TV Show)

Actor

Mobile Two (TV Show)

Actor

Peck's Bad Boy (Movie)

Bill Peck (Actor)

Shadow on the Land (TV Show)

Actor

Skippy (Movie)

Skippy Skinner (Actor)

Streets of New York (Movie)

Jimmy (Actor)

Sunny (Movie)

Tenement Boy (Actor)

Sunny Side Up (Movie)

Jerry McGinnis (uncredited) (Actor)

Syncopation (Movie)

Johnnie (Actor)

The Bowery (Movie)

Swipes McGurk (Actor)

The Day the Earth Moved (TV Show)

Actor

The Rag Man (Movie)

Tim Kelly (Actor)

The Return of Frank James (Movie)

Clem/Tom Grayson (Actor)

The Twilight Zone (TV Show)

Actor

Treasure Island (Movie)

Jim Hawkins (Actor)

What a Life (Movie)

Henry Aldrich (Actor)

When a Feller Needs a Friend (Movie)

Eddie Randall (Actor)

Where Are Your Children? (Movie)

Danny (Actor)

Ziegfeld Girl (Movie)

Jerry Regan (Actor)
Director (27)

Lou Grant 1955 - 1958, 1972 - 1992 (Tv Show)

Director

Quincy, M.E. 1955 - 1958, 1972 - 1992 (Tv Show)

Director

The Adventures of Superboy 1955 - 1958, 1976 - 1977, 1979 - 1992 (Tv Show)

Director

The Texas Wheelers 1955 - 1958, 1974 - 1977, 1979 - 1992 (Tv Show)

Director

Glitter 1955 - 1958, 1976 - 1977, 1979 - 1987 (Tv Show)

Director

Jessie 1957 - 1958, 1979 - 1987 (Tv Show)

Director

McMillan 1955 - 1958, 1976 - 1977, 1979 - 1987 (Tv Show)

Director

Paris 1957 - 1958, 1979 - 1981, 1983 - 1987 (Tv Show)

Director

The Ladies 1986 - 1987 (TV Show)

Director

Trapper John, M.D. 1955 - 1958, 1976 - 1977, 1979 - 1987 (Tv Show)

Director

The Deacon Street Deer 1985 - 1986 (TV Show)

Director

Moonlight 1982 - 1983 (TV Show)

Director

Family in Blue 1981 - 1982 (TV Show)

Director

Marathon 1979 - 1980 (TV Show)

Director

Rainbow 1978 - 1979 (TV Show)

Director

Having Babies III 1977 - 1978 (TV Show)

Director

Keep the Faith 1971 - 1972 (TV Show)

Director

Stand Up and Be Counted 1972 (Movie)

(Director)

Izzy and Moe (TV Show)

Director

Leave 'Em Laughing (TV Show)

Director

Perfect Gentlemen (TV Show)

Director

Rodeo Girl (TV Show)

Director

Sex and the Single Parent (TV Show)

Director

Snafu (TV Show)

Director

The Night They Saved Christmas (TV Show)

Director

White Mama (TV Show)

Director
Producer (1)

Charlie Angelo 1961 - 1962 (TV Show)

Producer

Biography

One of the most popular child actors in Hollywood history, Jackie Cooper won moviegoers' hearts as the adorable lead in such classic melodramas as "The Champ" (1931) and "Treasure Island" (1934). Unlike many of his fellow juvenile players, he enjoyed a bountiful career as an adult in both the acting and directing fields. Cooper was a box office draw as a boy thanks to his All-American looks and ability to produce gallons of tears upon command. After falling out of favor as a teen, he returned to the business in his thirties as an in-demand player on television. Directing for shortform TV became a second career in the 1960s, as did a stint as an executive for Screen Gems; he divided his time between acting gigs in films like "Superman: The Movie" (1978) with directing and producing assignments until the late 1980s. Cooper's trove of family films from his child days, and his vast body of work as an adult, made him one of the longest-running success stories in Hollywood.

One could say that John Cooper, Jr. was born into the movie business. His father, John Cooper, was a publicist, while his extended family included uncles Norman Taurog, a well-regarded director, and screenwriter Jack Leonard, as well as his aunt, actress Julie Leonard. Cooper's father abandoned the family just two years after his son was born in Los Angeles on Sept. 15, 1922, and his mother, former child actress Mabel Leonard Polito, married studio production manager C.J. Bigelow, which furthered his connection to the industry. His grandmother brought Cooper along with him on auditions for extra work, which led to him working as a background player. Blessed with a generous grin, pinchable cheeks and a shock of blond hair, he was soon playing bit roles in short comedies before graduating to the "Our Gang" series in 1929. Originally slated as a supporting character, his natural screen presence elevated him to lead status, most notably in the shorts that dealt with his overwhelming crush on June Marlowe's schoolteacher, Miss Crabtree.

In 1931, Cooper was loaned to Paramount to star in "Skippy," a tear-jerking melodrama based on a popular comic strip. The film, directed by his Uncle Norman, pulled mercilessly at audiences' heartstrings in its story of a young boy (Cooper) who loses his beloved dog, which produced the ocean of tears that became Cooper's trademark. According to the actor, Taurog was instrumental in generating the emotional outburst by telling his star that he had killed the dog in real life. Audiences were floored by the nine-year-old Cooper's performance, which earned him an Academy Award nomination and the record as the youngest actor to receive such an honor in film history. Now ensconced at MGM, Cooper starred in a series of melodramas which placed him in Dickensian scenarios that would inevitably result in a flood of weeping; "When A Fellow Needs a Friend" (1931) cast him as a handicapped boy struggling to be accepted as "normal," while "Divorce in the Family" saw him as the prize between two competitive and highly insensitive fathers. Moviegoers could not get enough of Cooper's cinematic travails, which made him one of the top stars of the early 1930s. Dubbed "America's Boy" by the MGM press machine, he was featured in countless advertising campaigns, dined with then-President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, and was the idol of millions of adolescent girls and (presumably jealous) boys.

The key films from this period of Cooper's career were his collaborations with character actor Wallace Beery. Their first picture together, the boxing drama "The Champ" (1931), told the story of a broken-down fighter (Beery) attempting to redeem himself in the eyes of his son (Cooper), who loves him unconditionally. The film's final moments, in which the camera was literally thrust into Cooper's face as he wept over Beery's death, remained a high water mark in movie melodrama for years, and firmly established both actors as box office gold. They would go on to star in several more films, including a much-loved adaptation of "Treasure Island" (1934) with Beery as Long John Silver and Cooper as Jim Hawkins. Movie goers believed in the special chemistry between the two actors, but in real life, Beery treated Cooper with disdain and upstaged him whenever possible during production.

Cooper's star began to wane at the tail end of the 1930s. Now entering his teens, he was no longer the baby-faced juvenile of his early films. He had in fact worked hard to escape that label through rigorous exercise, which produced an impressive physique for publicity photos, and promotional scenarios that pictured him on the arm of numerous teen starlets, including Judy Garland and Deanna Durbin. He attempted to segue into tough kid roles, but audiences preferred him as the Nice Young Man in pictures like "What a Life" (1939), as the soppy Henry Aldrich, or teen romances like "That Certain Age" (1938), which featured his first screen kiss courtesy of Durbin. There were occasional opportunities to show his range, such as in the Western "The Return of Frank James" (1940) with Henry Fonda, and the fun jazz musical "Syncopation" (1942), but by the mid-1940s, Cooper's career as the male Shirley Temple was largely over.

He joined the U.S. Navy and served during World War II, eventually reaching the rank of captain. Upon his return to civilian life, he found it difficult to land movie roles, and by 1948, was without a studio contract for the first time in nearly two decades. Faced with the daunting fact that he was untrained to do anything outside of acting, he headed for New York to try his hand at stage work. There, he made his debut in a 1949 production of "Magnolia Alley." The popular comedy-drama "Mister Roberts" kept him busy for the next few years; he played Ensign Pulver in the American touring production and then in the London production in 1951.

Television was also Cooper's steady medium through the 1950s. He appeared in nearly every major anthology drama of the period, including multiple episodes of "Studio One" (CBS, 1948-1958) and "Robert Montgomery Presents" (NBC, 1950-57). The constant exposure helped to dispel the image of Cooper as the lachrymose boy of yesteryear, replacing it with a capable and versatile character actor and occasional lead whose performances were marked by a surprising caginess and energy. In 1955, he developed his first network series, "The People's Choice" (NBC, 1955-58), a quirky drama about a tough city councilor who butts heads with the mayor while dating his daughter (Pat Breslin). The show's gimmick was Cooper's basset hound, which frequently spoke in asides to the audience, but not her cast mates. Popular with viewers, "People's Choice" netted Cooper two Emmy nominations for Best Actor, and launched his second career as a television director. Its premature cancellation sent Cooper back to the drawing board for his second series, "Hennessey" (NBC, 1959-1962), a comedy-drama about life at the U.S. Naval Station in San Diego that netted two more Emmy nods for Cooper.

The oddball comedy "Everything's Ducky" (1961) marked Cooper's first movie appearance in over a decade, but the return would be short-lived. In 1964, he was appointed to Vice President of Program Development for Screen Gems, better known as Columbia Pictures' television division. The position saw Cooper packaging series and TV movies for the networks, including "Bewitched" (ABC, 1964-1972). He was off the big and small screens for nearly the entire run of his executive career, save for one television movie, the futuristic thriller "Shadow on the Land" (ABC, 1968). After leaving Columbia in 1969, Cooper divided his time between directing for episodic television and acting for the small screen, with occasional returns to features. The most successful of the latter was his turn as the irascible Perry White, editor of the Daily Planet in Richard Donner's "Superman: The Movie" (1978) and its sequels, "Superman II" (1980), "Superman III" (1983) and "Superman IV: The Quest for Peace" (1987). He was a last-minute replacement for actor Keenan Wynn, who suffered a heart attack shortly before filming began. He also tackled the news business in "Mobile One" (ABC, 1975), a short-lived drama from Jack Webb about a TV news crew that marked his final attempt at a network series.

As a director, Cooper won two Emmys for his work on "M*A*S*H" (CBS, 1972-1983) and the pilot episode of "The White Shadow" (CBS, 1978-1981). He also helmed multiple episodes of some of the most popular shows of the 1970s and 1980s, including "The Rockford Files" (NBC, 1973-1980), "Magnum, P.I." (CBS, 1980-88) and "Cagney and Lacey" (CBS, 1982-88). He began directing features for television with 1972's "Keep the Faith" (CBS), with Bert Convy and Howard Da Silva as squabbling rabbis, but graduated to more substantive work in the 1980s like the Emmy-nominated "White Mama" (CBS, 1980) with Bette Davis, and "Rosie: The Rosemary Clooney Story" (CBS, 1982) with Sondra Locke in the title role. He directed just one theatrical feature, "Stand Up and Be Counted" (1972), a comedy about the women's equality movement with Jacqueline Bisset that failed at the box office.

In 1982, Cooper released Please Don't Shoot My Dog, a no-holds barred autobiography which revealed the truth about his working relationship with Beery, a wild romance with Joan Crawford while still in his teens, and escapades on the seedier side of Tinseltown. Cooper continued to act and direct until 1989, when he announced his retirement to train and race horses. As late as 2006, he was a frequent interview subject on documentaries and television specials about his days as a child actor, as well as the Golden Age of Hollywood and the many projects with which he was associated. The beloved actor passed away at age 88 in Beverly Hills on May 3, 2011, only a month after good friend and fellow MGM contract player Elizabeth Taylor also passed.

Relationships

John Cooper

Father
Left family when Cooper was two years old

Christina Cooper

Daughter
Mother, Barbara Kraus

Julie Cooper

Daughter
Mother, Barbara Kraus died of a massive stroke at age 39 in September 1997

John Cooper

Son
Mother, June Horne

Russell Cooper

Son
Mother, Barbara Kraus

Mabel Cooper

Mother

June Horne

Wife

Barbara Kraus

Wife
Married 1954 until her death May 30, 2009

Norman Taurog

Uncle
Married to Cooper's mother's sister Susan

EDUCATION

University of Notre Dame

South Bend , Indiana

Milestones

1989

Announced retirement to raise horses

1981

Directed fellow former child star Mickey Rooney in a TV movie, "Leave 'em Laughing"

1980

Directed Bette Davis in TV-movie "White Mama"

1978

Played editor Perry White in first of four "Superman" feature films

1978

Directed pilot of "The White Shadow"; won second Emmy

1975

Was regular on "Mobile One"

1974

Hosted "The Dean Martin Comedy World" (NBC)

1972

Film directing debut, "Stand Up and Be Counted"

1970

Played Sally Field's father in TV-movie "Maybe I'll Come Home in the Spring"

1970

Played TV programming executive in feature film "The Love Machine"

1968

Made TV-movie acting debut, "Shadow on the Land"

1952

Early TV work included "Lux Video Theatre"

1951

Appeared as Ensign Pulver in London production of "Mr. Roberts"

1949

Made New York stage debut, "Magnolia Alley"

1949

Toured U.S.A. as Ensign Pulver in "Mr. Roberts"

1934

Played Jim Hawkins in "Treasure Island"

1931

Starred in films "Skippy" and "The Champ"; earned Best Actor Oscar nomination for the former

1929

Made first "Our Gang" short

1925

Made film debut in Lloyd Hamilton comedy short

Starred on TV series "Hennessey" (CBS)

Directed 13 episodes of TV series "M*A*S*H"; won Emmy Award

Starred on TV series "The People's Choice"; also directed episodes

Named Vice President in Charge of TV Program Production, Columbia Pictures

Bonus Trivia

.

Formed an independent production company with producer Bob Finkel to develop TV and movie properties.

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