John Garfield

Actor, Producer, Newspaper boy
This member of the Group Theater entered films in 1938, becoming an instant star with his performance in "Four Daughters" and brought a fiery intensity to a number of memorable roles over the next 15 years. Garfield's ... Read more »
Born: 03/03/1913 in New York City, New York, USA

Filmography

Actor (33)

Going Hollywood: The War Years 1987 (Movie)

Himself (Actor)

He Ran All the Way 1951 (Movie)

(Actor)

The Breaking Point 1950 (Movie)

Harry Morgan (Actor)

Force of Evil 1948 (Movie)

Joe Morse (Actor)

Body and Soul 1947 (Movie)

Charlie Davis (Actor)

Gentleman's Agreement 1947 (Movie)

Dave Goldman (Actor)

Humoresque 1946 (Movie)

Paul Boray (Actor)

The Postman Always Rings Twice 1946 (Movie)

Frank Chambers (Actor)

Fallen Sparrow 1942 (Movie)

(Actor)

Thank Your Lucky Stars 1942 (Movie)

(Actor)

Juarez 1939 (Movie)

Porfirio Diaz (Actor)

Four Daughters 1937 (Movie)

Mickey Borden (Actor)

Air Force (Movie)

Sgt. John B. Winocki (Actor)

Blackwell's Island (Movie)

Tim Haydon (Actor)

Castle on the Hudson (Movie)

Tommy Gordon (Actor)

Daisy Kenyon (Movie)

Man at bar in Stork Club (Actor)

Dangerously They Live (Movie)

Dr. Michael Lewis (Actor)

Daughters Courageous (Movie)

Gabriel Lopez (Actor)

Dust Be My Destiny (Movie)

Joe Bell (Actor)

East of the River (Movie)

Joe Lorenzo (Actor)

Flowing Gold (Movie)

Johnny Blake (Actor)

Four Wives (Movie)

Mickey Borden (Actor)

Hollywood Canteen (Movie)

Himself (Actor)

Jigsaw (TV Show)

Actor

Nobody Lives Forever (Movie)

Nick Blake (Actor)

Out of the Fog (Movie)

Harold Goff (Actor)

Pride of the Marines (Movie)

Al Schmid (Actor)

Saturday's Children (Movie)

Rims Rosson (Actor)

The Sea Wolf (Movie)

George Leach (Actor)

They Made Me a Criminal (Movie)

Johnny Bradfield/"Jack Dorney" (Actor)

Tortilla Flat (Movie)

Danny (Actor)

Under My Skin (Movie)

Dan Butler (Actor)

We Were Strangers (Movie)

Tony Fenner (Actor)
Music (1)

Thank Your Lucky Stars 1942 (Movie)

("Blues in the Night") (Song Performer)
Editor (1)

The Pussycat Preacher 2014 (Movie)

(Assistant Editor)

Biography

This member of the Group Theater entered films in 1938, becoming an instant star with his performance in "Four Daughters" and brought a fiery intensity to a number of memorable roles over the next 15 years. Garfield's background as a slum-raised child of immigrants helped contribute to his image as an anti-hero and he excelled at playing tough urban figures in socially conscious dramas such as "Body and Soul" (1947) and "Force of Evil" (1948). Both of these films were produced by Enterprise Productions, which Garfield co-founded in an attempt to encourage work by humanist artists. The former earned him a Best Actor Oscar nomination for his turn as the boxer who will do anything to be champion.

Relationships

Julie Garfield

Daughter
born on January 10, 1946

Kathryn Garfield

Daughter
born in 1938 died of asthma in 1945

David Garfield

Son
born in 1942 committed suicide in 1994

Jacob Garfinkle

Father
remarried after the death of Garfield's mother

Hannah Garfinkle

Mother
died c. 1920

Max Garfinkle

Brother
after father's second marriage, sent to live with other relatives

Roberta Mann

Wife
mother of Garfield's three children married from 1932 until his death separated in 1943 reconciled in 1945 after the death of daughter Kathryn separated in May 1952

EDUCATION

Stuyvesant High School

New York , New York

P S 45

New York , New York

Maria Ouspenskaya Drama School

New York , New York
scholarship student; attended evening classes while in high school

Hecksher School of Drama

New York , New York

Roosevelt High School

New York , New York

Milestones

1952

Acted in stage revival of "Golden Boy"

1951

Starred as "Peer Gynt" in stage production directed by Lee Strasberg

1951

Last film, "He Ran All the Way"

1947

Had signature role in "Body and Soul"; played Jewish American buddy of Gregory Peck in "Gentleman's Agreement"

1946

Starred in original version of "The Postman Always Rings Twice"

1946

Was producer Irene Mayer Selznick's first choice to play Stanley Kowalski in the Broadway premiere of "A Streetcar Named Desire"; lost role because he would only commit to a four-month run in the play and he demanded first refusal of the film version

1946

Left Warner Bros.

1940

Played George Leach in "The Sea Wolf"

1938

First feature film as actor, "Four Daughters"; received Oscar nomination as Best Supporting Actor

1937

Firmed stage stardom by starring in "Having a Wonderful Time"

1937

Left cast of "Having a Wonderful Time" to appear in Group Theater production of "Golden Boy"; although Clifford Odets had written the leading role with him in mind, director Harold Clurman cast Luther Adler as Joe Bonaparte; instead played supporting role

1935

Made NYC stage debut in Clifford dets' "Waiting for Lefty"

1935

Starred in Odets' "Awake and Sing" on New York stage

Signed by Warner Bros.; appeared as an extra in several films

Was considered a "problem" child due to unruly behavior; enrolled at Public School 45 at suggestion of juvenile authorities

Served apprenticeship with Eva Le Gallienne's Civic Repertory Theatre; adopted stage name of Jules Garfield

Became an amatuer boxer

Born and raised on the Lower East Side of Manhattan

Bonus Trivia

.

While a number of sources claim that Garfield made his first film appearance in a bit part in 1933's "Footlight Parade", this is widely believed to be a fallacy.

.

Garfield was portrayed by Bruce Ornstein in the 1993 TV movie "Will There Really Be a Morning".

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