Joseph Barbera

Executive, Animator, Producer
One half of the most celebrated animation-producing duos in history, William Hanna and Joseph Barbera's company, Hanna-Barbera Productions, created some of the best-loved animated television programming of the 20th ... Read more »
Born: 03/23/1911 in New York City, New York, USA

Filmography

Producer (166)

A Scooby-Doo Valentine 2004 - 2005 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

A Scooby-Doo Halloween 2003 - 2004 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Scooby-Doo 2: Monsters Unleashed 2004 (Movie)

(Executive Producer)

A Scooby-Doo Christmas 2002 - 2003 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Scooby-Doo 2002 (Movie)

(Executive Producer)

The Flintstones in Viva Rock Vegas 2000 (Movie)

(Executive Producer)

Jonny Quest Versus the Cyber Insects 1995 - 1996 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

A Flintstone Family Christmas 1993 - 1994 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Arabian Nights 1993 - 1994 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Droopy: Master Detective 1993 - 1994 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Hollyrock-a-Bye Baby 1993 - 1994 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The Flintstones 1994 (Movie)

(Executive Producer)

Tom and Jerry Kids Show 1990 - 1994 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

A Pup Named Scooby Doo 1988 - 1993 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The Adventures of Don Coyote and Sancho Panda 1990 - 1992 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Yo! Yogi 1991 - 1992 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Timeless Tales From Hallmark 1990 - 1991 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Wake, Rattle & Roll 1990 - 1991 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Jetsons: The Movie 1990 (Movie)

(Producer)

The Smurfs 1981 - 1990 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Fantastic Max 1988 - 1989 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Skedaddle 1988 - 1989 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The Completely Mental Misadventures of Ed Grimley 1988 - 1989 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The Flintstone Kids 1986 - 1989 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The Flintstone Kids "Just Say No" Special 1988 - 1989 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The Yogi Bear Show 1988 - 1989 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

'Tis the Season to Be Smurfy 1987 - 1988 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Popeye and Son 1987 - 1988 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Sky Commanders 1987 - 1988 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The New Adventures of Jonny Quest 1987 - 1988 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The New Adventures of the Snorks 1987 - 1988 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The Smurfs Christmas Special 1986 - 1987 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Wildfire 1986 - 1987 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Gobots: Battle of the Rock Lords 1986 (Movie)

(Executive Producer)

Goltar and the Golden Lance 1985 - 1986 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Scooby's Mystery Funhouse 1985 - 1986 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Super Powers Team: Galactic Guardians 1985 - 1986 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The 13 Ghosts of Scooby-Doo 1985 - 1986 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The Paw Paws 1985 - 1986 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Yogi's Treasure Hunt 1985 - 1986 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Smurfily Ever After 1984 - 1985 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The Biskitts 1983 - 1985 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Benji, Zax and the Alien Prince 1983 - 1984 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Monchhichis 1983 - 1984 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Pac-Man 1983 - 1984 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The Dukes 1982 - 1984 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The Flintstone Funnies 1981 - 1984 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The Little Rascals 1982 - 1984 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The Shirt Tales 1983 - 1984 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The World's Greatest Super Friends 1979 - 1984 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Laverne and Shirley With the Fonz 1982 - 1983 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

My Smurfy Valentine 1982 - 1983 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The Gary Coleman Show 1982 - 1983 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Daniel Boone 1981 - 1982 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Fonz and the Happy Days Gang 1980 - 1982 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Laverne and Shirley in the Army 1981 - 1982 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Scooby-Doo and Scrappy-Doo 1979 - 1982 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The Drak Pack 1980 - 1982 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The Flintstones 1981 - 1982 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The Kwicky Koala Show 1981 - 1982 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The Richie Rich Show 1980 - 1982 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The Space Stars 1981 - 1982 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Trollkins 1981 - 1982 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Yabba Dabba Doo 1981 - 1982 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Flintstone Family Adventures 1980 - 1981 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Fred and Barney Meet the Shmoo 1979 - 1981 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Godzilla 1978 - 1981 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Heidi's Song 1981 (Movie)

(Producer)

The All-New Popeye Hour 1978 - 1981 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The Gymnast 1980 - 1981 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The Three Robonic Stooges 1977 - 1981 (TV Show)

Producer

Belle Starr 1979 - 1980 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Casper and the Angels 1979 - 1980 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Fred and Barney Meet the Thing 1979 - 1980 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The Gathering, Part II 1979 - 1980 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The New Shmoo 1979 - 1980 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The Super Globetrotters 1979 - 1980 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Attack of the Phantoms 1979 (Movie)

(Executive Producer)

Buford and the Ghost 1978 - 1979 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Captain Caveman and the Teen Angels 1979 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Challenge of the Super Friends 1978 - 1979 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Chomps 1979 (Movie)

(Producer)

KISS Meets the Phantom of the Park 1978 - 1979 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Sergeant T.K. Yu 1978 - 1979 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The Clue Club 1976 - 1979 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The Galaxy Goofups 1978 - 1979 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The New Fred and Barney Show 1978 - 1979 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The Popeye Valentine Special: Sweethearts at Sea 1978 - 1979 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Yogi's Space Race 1978 - 1979 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Fred Flintstone and Friends 1977 - 1978 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Hong Kong Phooey 1974 - 1978 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

It Isn't Easy Being a Teenage Millionaire 1977 - 1978 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Jabberjaw 1976 - 1978 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Scooby's All-Star Laff-A-Lympics 1977 - 1978 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Speed Buggy 1973 - 1978 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The All-New Super Friends Hour 1977 - 1978 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The Beach Girls 1977 - 1978 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The C.B. Bears 1977 - 1978 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The Funny World of Fred & Bunni 1977 - 1978 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The Gathering 1977 - 1978 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The Great Grape Ape Show 1977 - 1978 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The Hanna-Barbera Happy Hour 1977 - 1978 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The Skatebirds 1977 - 1978 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Mother Jugs and Speed 1976 (Movie)

(Executive Producer)

These Are the Days 1974 - 1976 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Valley of the Dinosaurs 1974 - 1976 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Goober and the Ghost Chasers 1973 - 1975 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Korg: 70,000 B.C. 1974 - 1975 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Partridge Family: 2200 A.D. 1974 - 1975 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The Addams Family 1973 - 1975 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Wheelie and the Chopper Bunch 1974 - 1975 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Yogi's Gang 1973 - 1975 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Cyrano 1973 - 1974 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Gidget Makes the Wrong Connection 1973 - 1974 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Lost in Space 1973 - 1974 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Charlotte's Web 1973 (Movie)

(Producer)

The Roman Holidays 1972 - 1973 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Pebbles and Bamm Bamm 1971 - 1972 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The Banana Splits Adventure Hour 1968 - 1970 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Jack and the Beanstalk 1966 - 1967 (TV Show)

Executive Producer

A Man Called Flintstone 1965 (Movie)

(Producer)

One Droopy Knight 1956 (Movie)

(Producer)

Good Will to Men 1954 (Movie)

(Producer)

Johann Mouse 1951 (Movie)

(Producer)

Two Mouseketeers 1950 (Movie)

(Producer)

The Cat Concerto 1947 (Movie)

(Producer)

The Little Orphan 1947 (Movie)

(Producer)

Quiet Please 1944 (Movie)

(Producer)

Mouse Trouble 1943 (Movie)

(Producer)

Yankee Doodle Mouse 1942 (Movie)

(Producer)

A Flintstones Christmas Carol (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Belle Starr (Movie)

(Executive Producer)

Casper's First Christmas (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Challenge of the GoBots (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Christmas Comes to Pacland (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Cyrano (TV Show)

Producer

Devlin (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Foofur (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Hagar the Horrible (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Hardcase (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Help! It's the Hair Bear Bunch (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Inch High, Private Eye (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Jack and the Beanstalk (Movie)

(Producer)

Jeannie (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Jonny's Golden Quest (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Pink Panther and Sons (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Pound Puppies (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Rockin' With Judy Jetson (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Scooby-Doo Meets the Boo Brothers (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Scooby-Doo and the Alien Invaders (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Shazzan! (TV Show)

Producer

Shootout in a One-Dog Town (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Snorks (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Stone Fox (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Super Friends (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The B.B. Beegle Show (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The Beasts Are on the Streets (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The Crazy Comedy Concert (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The Great Gilly Hopkins (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The Jetsons Meet the Flintstones (TV Show)

Executive Producer

The Last of the Curlews (TV Show)

Producer

The Secret World of Og (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Yogi Bear's All-Star Comedy Christmas Caper (TV Show)

Executive Producer

Yogi's Great Escape (TV Show)

Executive Producer
Director (41)

Jetsons: The Movie 1990 (Movie)

(Director)

Escape From Grumble Gulch 1982 (Movie)

(Director)

Frankenstein Jr. and the Impossibles 1958 - 1982 (Tv Show)

Director

Jokebook 1958 - 1982 (Tv Show)

Director

Josie and the Pussycats 1958 - 1982 (Tv Show)

Director

Josie and the Pussycats in Outer Space 1958 - 1982 (Tv Show)

Director

The Adventures of Jonny Quest 1958 - 1982 (Tv Show)

Director

The Amazing Chan and the Chan Clan 1958 - 1982 (Tv Show)

Director

The Atom Ant/Secret Squirrel Show 1958 - 1982 (Tv Show)

Director

The Cattanooga Cats 1958 - 1982 (Tv Show)

Director

The Fantastic Four 1958 - 1982 (Tv Show)

Director

The Flintstones 1958 - 1982 (Tv Show)

Director

The Huckleberry Hound Show 1958 - 1982 (Tv Show)

Director

The Magilla Gorilla Show 1958 - 1982 (Tv Show)

Director

The Perils of Penelope Pitstop 1958 - 1982 (Tv Show)

Director

The Quick Draw McGraw Show 1958 - 1982 (Tv Show)

Director

The World's Greatest Super Heroes 1958 - 1982 (Tv Show)

Director

Where's Huddles! 1958 - 1982 (Tv Show)

Director

The Jetsons 1958 - 1980 (Tv Show)

Director

Birdman and the Galaxy Trio 1960 - 1979 (Tv Show)

Director

Space Ghost 1960 - 1962, 1964 - 1974, 1976 - 1979 (Tv Show)

Director

The Funky Phantom 1960 - 1962, 1964 - 1974, 1976 - 1979 (Tv Show)

Director

The Peter Potamus Show 1960 - 1979 (Tv Show)

Director

Wait Til Your Father Gets Home 1960 - 1979 (Tv Show)

Director

Yogi Bear 1958 - 1979 (Tv Show)

Director

The Flintstone Comedy Hour 1960 - 1962, 1964 - 1974, 1976 - 1977 (Tv Show)

Director

The Harlem Globetrotters 1960 - 1962, 1966 - 1974, 1976 - 1977 (Tv Show)

Director

The Scooby-Doo/Dynomutt Hour 1960 - 1962, 1966 - 1974, 1976 - 1977 (Tv Show)

Director

Top Cat 1960 - 1962, 1964 - 1974, 1976 - 1977 (Tv Show)

Director

Wacky Races 1960 - 1962, 1966 - 1974, 1976 - 1977 (Tv Show)

Director

Birdman 1960 - 1962, 1966 - 1974 (Tv Show)

Director

Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kids 1969 - 1974 (Tv Show)

Director

Motor Mouse 1960 - 1962, 1967 - 1974 (Tv Show)

Director

Scooby-Doo, Where Are You? 1969 - 1974 (Tv Show)

Director

Sealab 2020 1969 - 1974 (Tv Show)

Director

The Three Musketeers 1973 - 1974 (TV Show)

Director

A Man Called Flintstone 1965 (Movie)

(Director)

The Cat Concerto 1947 (Movie)

(Director)

Fit to Be Tied (TV Show)

Director

Scooby Doo, Where Are You! (TV Show)

Director

Scooby-Doo Meets Batman (TV Show)

Director
Writer (16)

Harvey Birdman, Attorney at Law 1958 - 1982, 2001 - 2005 (Tv Show)

Characters as Source Material

The Real Adventures of Jonny Quest 1996 - 1997 (TV Show)

Characters as Source Material

Jetsons: The Movie 1990 (Movie)

(Characters as Source Material)

Chomps 1979 (Movie)

(From Story)

Chomps 1979 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

One Droopy Knight 1956 (Movie)

(Characters as Source Material)

Good Will to Men 1954 (Movie)

(Characters as Source Material)

Johann Mouse 1951 (Movie)

(Characters as Source Material)

Two Mouseketeers 1950 (Movie)

(Characters as Source Material)

The Cat Concerto 1947 (Movie)

(from characters) (Source Material)

The Little Orphan 1947 (Movie)

(Characters as Source Material)

Quiet Please 1944 (Movie)

(Characters as Source Material)

Mouse Trouble 1943 (Movie)

(Characters as Source Material)

Yankee Doodle Mouse 1942 (Movie)

(Characters as Source Material)

Scooby-Doo on Zombie Island (TV Show)

Characters as Source Material

Scooby-Doo! and the Witch's Ghost (TV Show)

Characters as Source Material
Music (15)

The Smurfs 2 2013 (Movie)

("Smurfs Main Theme") (Song)

Dark Shadows 2012 (Movie)

("Who's Afraid Of The Big Bad Werewolf") (Song)

The Smurfs 2011 (Movie)

("Smurfs Main Theme") (Song)

Speed Racer 2008 (Movie)

("Jonny Quest (Background)") (Song)

Zodiac 2007 (Movie)

("The New Scooby Doo Movies") (Song)

Firewall 2006 (Movie)

("(Meet) The Flintstones" and Cue from 'Flintstones') (Theme Song)

Son of the Mask 2005 (Movie)

("Flintstones Cues") (Song)

The Flintstones in Viva Rock Vegas 2000 (Movie)

songs("(Meet) The Flintstones" "Rise and Shine") (Song)

Crooklyn 1994 (Movie)

("Snagglepuss Song") (Song)

The Flintstones 1994 (Movie)

songs("(Meet) The Flintstones" "The Bedrock Twitch") (Song)

Jetsons: The Movie 1990 (Movie)

("Jetsons Main Title") (Song)

Planes, Trains and Automobiles 1987 (Movie)

("(Meet) the Flintstones") (Song)

Bring on the Night 1985 (Movie)

("(Meet) the Flintstones") (Song)

St. Elmo's Fire 1985 (Movie)

("(Meet) the Flintstones") (Song)
Visual Effects & Animation (9)

Invitation to the Dance 1956 (Movie)

(Animator)

One Droopy Knight 1956 (Movie)

(Animator)

Good Will to Men 1954 (Movie)

(Animator)

Johann Mouse 1951 (Movie)

(Animator)

Two Mouseketeers 1950 (Movie)

(Animator)

The Little Orphan 1947 (Movie)

(Animator)

Quiet Please 1944 (Movie)

(Animator)

Mouse Trouble 1943 (Movie)

(Animator)

Yankee Doodle Mouse 1942 (Movie)

(Animator)
Actor (8)

The Flintstones in Viva Rock Vegas 2000 (Movie)

(Special Appearance) (Voice)

The Flintstones 1994 (Movie)

Man in Mersandes (Actor)

I Yabba-Dabba Doo! 1992 - 1993 (TV Show)

Voice

MGM: When the Lion Roars 1991 - 1992 (TV Show)

Actor

The 40th Annual Emmy Awards 1987 - 1988 (TV Show)

Actor

The Flintstones 25th Anniversary Celebration 1985 - 1986 (TV Show)

Actor
Other (2)

Tom & Jerry: The Movie 1993 (Movie)

(Creative Consultant)

Jetsons: The Movie 1990 (Movie)

from television series (Other)

Biography

One half of the most celebrated animation-producing duos in history, William Hanna and Joseph Barbera's company, Hanna-Barbera Productions, created some of the best-loved animated television programming of the 20th century and beyond, including "The Huckleberry Hound Show" (syndicated, 1958-1961), "The Yogi Bear Show" (syndicated, 1961-62), "The Flintstones" (ABC, 1960-66), "The Jetsons" (ABC, 1962-63), "Jonny Quest" (ABC, 1964-65), "Super Friends" (ABC, 1973-1986) and "The Smurfs" (NBC, 1981-89). With Hanna, Barbera began his career with the Oscar-winning Tom and Jerry animated shorts for MGM. When the company shuttered its animation division, the duo launched their own company, striking pay dirt almost immediately with "Huckleberry Hound" and "The Flintstones," their first primetime series. Hanna-Barbera's cartoons, driven largely by bright, simple artwork, clever writing, and memorable characters, led the television animation field until the 1980s, when financial difficulties resulted in their sale to a variety of companies. They rebounded in the 1990s as part of Turner Broadcasting's Cartoon Network, for which they oversaw such cutting-edge cartoons as "The Powerpuff Girls" (1998-2005) before Hanna's death in 2001. Joseph Barbera's vast output of animated fare over the course of his six-decade career contained so many beloved characters and shows that his position as one of the dominant forces in American animation was assured for eternity.

Born Joseph Roland Barbera on March 24, 1911 in New York City, he was the eldest of three sons by barbershop owner Vincent Barbera and his wife, Francesca. His father's gambling habit left the family in dire financial straits, and he abandoned the family during Barbera's teen years. Though he developed a talent for boxing in his teen years, his chief interest was drawing. He began selling cartoons to magazines in the 1930s before taking a job in the ink and paint department of Fleischer Studios. Positions at Van Beuren Studios, where he worked on a cartoon series about a pair of vagrants named "Tom and Jerry, which preceded his tenure at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer's cartoon department in 1937. There, he met and forged a close relationship with artist William Hanna, with whom he worked alongside the legendary animation director Tex Avery. In 1940, they jointed directed "Puss Gets the Boot" (1940), which concerned the pursuit of a clever mouse by an energetic if easily foiled cat. The project was nominated for a Best (Cartoon) Short Oscar, which marked the beginning of the long-running and wildly successful Tom and Jerry series.

For the next 17 years, Hanna and Barbera worked almost exclusively on the beloved series, which netted 14 Academy Award nominations and won seven between 1943 and 1952. The characters' popularity also translated into appearances in some of MGM's live-action films, most notably "Anchors Aweigh" (1945) and "Invitation to the Dance" (1955), both with Gene Kelly. Though Hanna and Barbera were the series' creators and chief architects, the shorts were credited to their supervisor, Fred Quimby, who accepted each of its Oscars without inviting the animation pair to the stage. Eventually, Hanna and Barbera would replace Quimby as heads of MGM's animation division. Unfortunately, their ascent preceded the studio's decision to close the department in 1957. MGM had been steadily losing revenue to television, and found that licensing their old material was more cost effective that creating new cartoons. Hanna and Barbera quickly launched their own short-lived company, Shield Productions, with animator Jay Ward, creator of Rocky & Bullwinkle. After this entity folded, Hanna and Barbera launched their own production company, initially called H-B Enterprises, which was soon redubbed Hanna-Barbera Productions.

Hanna's talent for story construction and connections to top artists was key in the creation of their first series, "The Ruff & Reddy Show" (NBC, 1957), which concerned a cat and dog voiced by Daws Butler and Don Messick, who would go on to provide the voices for nearly all of Hanna-Barbera's programs. Though only a modest success, "Ruff & Reddy" proved that Hanna-Barbera could produce quality animation for television on a small budget, and soon led to their first substantial hits, "The Huckleberry Hound Show," which also featured a segment devoted to a scheming bear named Yogi, who starred on his own syndicated series from 1961 to 1962. The program became the first animated series to win an Emmy for Best Children's Program in 1959, and was quickly followed by "The Quick Draw McGraw Show" (syndicated, 1959-1961). When Hanna and Barbera discovered that nearly half of the viewing audience for "Huckleberry" was comprised of adults who were drawn to the show by its wry humor, they decided to expand their efforts to a primetime animated series.

The result was "The Flintstones," a parody of "The Honeymooners" (CBS, 1955-56) that concerned the comic adventures of a Stone Age family. A Top 30 hit during its first three seasons on air, it was followed by a futuristic variation on the same premise called "The Jetsons." Both programs proved extremely popular in syndication, while "The Flintstones" would enjoy three decades of spin-offs and theatrical features while reaping considerable financial rewards through numerous product tie-ins and licensing efforts. By the end of the decade, Hanna-Barbera was unquestionably the most prolific and successful television animation studio in the business, with such series as "Top Cat" (ABC, 1961-62), "Wally Gator" (ABC, 1962-63), "Jonny Quest," "Space Ghost" (CBS, 1966-68) and the live-action "Banana Splits Adventure Hour" (NBC, 1968-1970) populating the airwaves. One of their most enduring characters, the mystery-solving Great Dane Scooby-Doo, would premiere during this period with "Scooby-Doo, Where Are You!" (CBS, 1969-1972), and like "The Flintstones," would be revived in various iterations over the next three decades.

These and other Hanna-Barbera series followed a basic story formula that revolved around a close partnership between two or more friends, often with divergent personalities, as seen in the relationships between Yogi Bear and Boo Boo, Fred Flintstone and Barney Rubble, Scooby-Doo and Shaggy and countless others. The friendship (or friendly competition) between the characters was seen as reflective of Barbera's own relationship with Hanna, which remained close and unchanged for nearly six decades. Part of the reason for their successful collaboration was due to the fact that both men rarely socialized with each other outside of their work; Hanna preferred the company of other animators and loved the outdoors, while Barbera could be frequently seen with other celebrities at fine restaurants or upscale locations. Regardless of their different interests, both men worked together in harmony, complementing each other's strengths while balancing their respective weaknesses. Their compatibility was often seen as the key to the longevity of their business. Despite stiff competition from other television animation companies like Filmation, Rankin-Bass and Ruby-Spears, Hanna-Barbera continued to reign as the dominant producers of TV cartoons in the 1970s. A combination of shows featuring new characters like "Hong Kong Phooey" (ABC, 1974) and "Josie and the Pussycats" (CBS, 1970-72) with established characters from their catalog like "The New Scooby-Doo Movies" (CBS, 1972-74) and new programs featuring characters from the past like "The Tom and Jerry/Grape Ape/Mumbly Show" (ABC, 1975-76), helped to secure their position within the industry. One of their greatest successes of the decade was "Super Friends," which showcased DC Comics' iconic stable of superheroes, including Superman and Batman.

Hanna-Barbera also experimented with theatrical and made-for-TV features during this period, earning hits with the feature-length adaptation of "Charlotte's Web" (1973) and the Emmy-winning ABC drama "The Gathering" (1977). But their grip on the market weakened in the 1980s, due in part to the success of Filmation's "He-Man and the Masters of the Universe" (syndicated, 1983-85) and financial difficulties on the part of their parent company, Taft Broadcasting, which had purchased them in 1966. As a result, Hanna-Barbera was forced to outsource much of their animation, which affected the quality of their product. They enjoyed some success during this period, most notably with the Emmy-winning "Smurfs," a joint effort with Belgian companies Dupuis Audiovisual and SEPP International S.A. But the end of the decade found the company on the auction block as a result of the debts incurred by Great American Broadcasting, which had purchased Taft Broadcasting in 1987. Most of Hanna-Barbera's animation staff moved to Warner Bros. during this period, leaving the company as a shell of its former self.

In 1991, Turner Broadcasting and the Apollo Investment Fund purchased Hanna-Barbera in a joint venture for $320 million. Former MTV executive Fred Seibert was put in charge of Hanna-Barbera, which soon changed its name to Hanna-Barbera Cartoons, with Hanna and Barbera remaining as co-chairmen. Seibert hired a host of up-and-coming animation talent, including Craig McCracken, Seth McFarlane and Genndy Tartakovsky, to produce a slate of new programming, while re-launching established brands like Tom and Jerry and "The Flintstones" in new series. Feature-length versions of "Tom and Jerry" (1993) and a trio of animated films, including "The Pagemaster" (1993) and "Cats Don't Dance" (1993), were box-office failures, but Hanna-Barbera's product received a sparkling new showcase with The Cartoon Network, which launched in 1992. The company's vast library of animated work was introduced to a whole new audience, while new programming, including "The Powerpuff Girls," "Dexter's Laboratory" (Cartoon Network, 1995-2004) and "Johnny Bravo" (Cartoon Network, 1997-2004) established Hanna-Barbera as a viable production house in the 21st century. New direct-to-video movies featuring Scooby-Doo and revived series for "Jonny Quest" and Tom and Jerry, as well as live-action versions of "The Flintstones (1994) and "Scooby-Doo" (2004) also continued to reach viewers.

In 1996, Hanna-Barbera became part of Time Warner as a result of the merger between the company and Turner Broadcasting. Two years later, their lot on Cahuenga Boulevard in Studio City was closed, and operations were moved to the Warner Bros. Television Animation division in nearby Sherman Oaks. Hanna and Barbera continued to supervise Warner Bros. animated projects until Hanna's death from throat cancer on March 22, 2001. Barbera would remain a fixture of the company, co-directing and producing the Tom and Jerry short "The Karate Guard" (2005) and penning the story for the feature-length "Tom and Jerry: A Nutcracker Tale" (2007), which marked his final work on the venerable franchise. On Dec. 18, 2006, Barbera died of natural causes at the age of 95. At the close of their careers, William Hanna and Joseph Barbera were among the most honored animation producers in Hollywood, with seven Oscars and eight Emmys to their name, as well as a 1960 Golden Globe, the 1988 Governor's Award from the Academy of Television Arts and Sciences, stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, and several Annie Awards, among countless other tributes. In 2005, a wall sculpture at the Television Academy's Hall of Fame Plaza was dedicated to Hanna and Barbera.

By Paul Gaita

Relationships

Sheila Barbera

Wife

Frances Barbera

Mother

Vicente Barbera

Father

Jayne Barbera

Daughter
mother, Dorothy Earl

Lynne Barbera

Daughter
mother, Dorothy Earl

Neal Barbera

Son
mother, Dorothy Earl

Dorothy Earl

Wife
divorced in 1964

EDUCATION

New York University

New York , New York

American Institute of Banking

New York , New York

Milestones

2005

Wrote, co-storyboarded, co-directed and co-produced the theatrical Tom and Jerry short "The Karateguard"

1994

Inducted into the TV Hall of Fame by the Academy of Television Arts and Sciences

1991

Ted Turner announced the signing of definitive agreements for Turner Broadcasting Systems Inc to buy Hanna-Barbera Productions Inc. (and its library of more than 3,000 half-hours of animated programming and more than 350 different series, telefilms and th

1988

Taft and the Hanna-Barbera Studio sold to Great American Broadcasting, with Barbera appointed president

1968

Hanna and Barbera continued to operate studio under agreement with Taft Co.

1968

Produced live action feature film, "Project X"

1957

Teamed up with William Hanna to produce the series "The Ruff & Reddy Show," under the company name H-B Enterprises, soon changed to Hanna-Barbera Productions

1955

With Hanna succeeded Fred Quimby as head of MGM cartoon department; MGM closed the division in 1957

1940

First venture with Hanna, "Puss Gets the Boot"; nominated for an Academy Award for Best (Cartoon) Short Subject

1937

Signed with MGM as writer; teamed with William Hanna

Co-directed (with William Hanna) the feature-length animated films, "Hey There, It's Yogi Bear" (1964) and "A Man Called Flintstone" (1966)

Worked for Van Beuren Studio as writer of "Tom and Jerry" series (of no relation to later MGM cartoon)

Bonus Trivia

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Hanna and Barbera have created such animated programming series as "Ruff and Ready" (1957-60), "Huckleberry Hound" (1958-62), "Pixie and Dixie" (1958-62), "Quick Draw McGraw" (1959-62), "Augie Doggie and Doggie Daddy" (1959-62), "Yogi Bear" (1960-62), "Snagglepuss" (1960-62), "The Flintstones" (1960-66), "Top Cat" (1961-62), "The Jetsons" (1962-63, 65-67, 69-76), "Jonny Quest" (1964-65, 67-72), "The Fantastic Four" (1967-70), "Scooby-Doo" (1969-86), "The Superfriends" (1973-83), "Richie Rich" (1980-83), "The Smurfs" (1981-). Beside the "Yogi Bear" and "Flintstones" films mentioned above, the duo's feature-length animated films have also included "Charlotte's Web" (1973) and "Heidi's Song" (1982).

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