Judy Garland

Actor, Singer
One of the most talented and iconic show business legends of all time, Judy Garland rose from vaudeville to film stardom on the strength of her gloriously expressive and powerful voice. Signed to MGM, she became a ... Read more »
Born: 06/09/1922 in Grand Rapids, Minnesota, USA

Filmography

Actor (40)

That's Entertainment! III 1994 (Movie)

Song Performer (Actor)

More of the Best of the Hollywood Palace 1992 - 1993 (TV Show)

Actor

Meet Me in St. Louis 1977 (Movie)

Esther Smith (Actor)

The Jack Paar Special 1966 - 1967 (TV Show)

Actor

The Judy Garland Show 1963 - 1964 (TV Show)

Actor

I Could Go on Singing 1963 (Movie)

Jenny Bowman (Actor)

The Judy Garland Show 1961 - 1962 (TV Show)

Actor

A Child Is Waiting 1961 (Movie)

Jean Hansen (Actor)

Gay Purr-ee 1961 (Movie)

of Musette (Voice)

Judgment at Nuremberg 1961 (Movie)

Irene Hoffman (Actor)

The Judy Garland Show 1955 - 1956 (TV Show)

Actor

The Judy Garland Show 1955 - 1956 (TV Show)

Actor

A Star Is Born 1954 (Movie)

Esther Blodgett/Vicki Lester (Actor)

In the Good Old Summertime 1949 (Movie)

Veronica Fisher (Actor)

Easter Parade 1948 (Movie)

Hannah Brown (Actor)

The Pirate 1948 (Movie)

(Actor)

Words and Music 1948 (Movie)

(Actor)

The Harvey Girls 1945 (Movie)

(Actor)

Babes in Arms 1938 (Movie)

Patsy Barton (Actor)

The Wizard of Oz 1938 (Movie)

Dorothy Gale (Actor)

Love Finds Andy Hardy 1937 (Movie)

Mrs. Hardy (Actor)

Pigskin Parade 1935 (Movie)

(Actor)

Babes on Broadway (Movie)

Penny Morris (Actor)

Broadway Melody of 1938 (Movie)

Betty Clayton (Actor)

Everybody Sing (Movie)

Judy Bellaire (Actor)

For Me and My Gal (Movie)

Jo Hayden (Actor)

Girl Crazy (Movie)

Ginger Gray (Actor)

Life Begins for Andy Hardy (Movie)

Betsy Booth (Actor)

Listen, Darling (Movie)

Pinkie Wingate (Actor)

Little Nellie Kelly (Movie)

Little Nellie Kelly (Actor)

Presenting Lily Mars (Movie)

Lily Mars (Actor)

Strike up the Band (Movie)

Mary Holden (Actor)

Summer Stock (Movie)

Jane Falbury (Actor)

The Clock (Movie)

Alice Mayberry (Actor)

Thousands Cheer (Movie)

Guest (Actor)

Till the Clouds Roll By (Movie)

Marilyn Miller (Actor)

Ziegfeld Follies (Movie)

Herself (Actor)

Ziegfeld Girl (Movie)

Susan Gallagher (Actor)
Music (25)

The Lego Movie 2014 (Movie)

("How Ya Gonna Keep 'Em Down On The Farm") (Song Performer)

9 2009 (Movie)

("Over The Rainbow") (Song Performer)

Taking Woodstock 2009 (Movie)

"No Love, No Nothin'" (Song Performer)

Australia 2008 (Movie)

("Over The Rainbow") (Song Performer)

Milk 2008 (Movie)

("Over the Rainbow") (Song Performer)

Sex and the City 2008 (Movie)

("The Trolley Song") (Song Performer)

P.S. I Love You 2007 (Movie)

("The Man That Got Away") (Song Performer)

The Family Stone 2005 (Movie)

("Have Yourself a Merry Little Christmas") (Song Performer)

Surviving Christmas 2004 (Movie)

("Have Yourself A Merry Little Christmas") (Song Performer)

Down With Love 2003 (Movie)

("Down With Love") (Song Performer)

Catch Me If You Can 2002 (Movie)

("Embraceable You") (Song Performer)

Hanging Up 2000 (Movie)

("Have Yourself a Merry Little Christmas") (Song Performer)

The Next Best Thing 2000 (Movie)

("Trolley Song") (Song Performer)

Wonder Boys 2000 (Movie)

("Good Morning") (Song Performer)

Molly 1999 (Movie)

("Over the Rainbow") (Song Performer)

Karaoke Verite 1998 (Movie)

("Purple People Eater") (Song Performer)

Made in America 1993 (Movie)

("Somewhere Over the Rainbow") (Song Performer)

The Long Day Closes 1993 (Movie)

("Over the Bannister") (Song Performer)

Before Stonewall 1986 (Movie)

("Somewhere Over the Rainbow") (Song Performer)

Judy Garland: The Concert Years 1984 - 1985 (TV Show)

Song Performer

Terms of Endearment 1983 (Movie)

("Rock-a-Bye Your Baby With a Dixie Melody") (Song Performer)

Hero 1982 (Movie)

(Song Performer)

Pepe 1960 (Movie)

("Faraway Part of Town") (Song Performer)

Words and Music 1948 (Movie)

("Johnny One Note" "I Wish I Were in Love Again") (Song Performer)

Twas the Night (TV Show)

Song Performer

Biography

One of the most talented and iconic show business legends of all time, Judy Garland rose from vaudeville to film stardom on the strength of her gloriously expressive and powerful voice. Signed to MGM, she became a superstar thanks to nine films with Mickey Rooney as well as the iconic role of Dorothy Gale in "The Wizard of Oz" (1939), where she introduced her signature song, "Over the Rainbow." Garland went on to sparkle in classics like "Meet Me in St. Louis" (1944), "Easter Parade" (1948), her Oscar-nominated comeback "A Star is Born" (1954), where she introduced her second signature song, "The Man That Got Away," and her Oscar-nominated turn in "Judgment at Nuremberg" (1961). Driven by a ruthless stage mother, hooked on prescription drugs from a young age at the behest of MGM, and eventually suicidal, Garland suffered from personal demons that threatened to overwhelm her, leading to five unsuccessful marriages and three children, including Liza Minnelli in 1946. Throughout her life of highs and lows, her inestimable talent showed through nowhere better than in live performance. Those who saw her perform live spoke of the experience in almost mystical terms, especially a comeback performance captured on the Grammy-winning Judy at Carnegie Hall, widely considered the greatest night in show business history. Literally giving her life for her art, Garland poured her soul out in every song and in every scene, achieving immortality of the highest order and recognition as one of the greatest entertainers of all time.

Relationships

Mickey Deans

Husband
married on March 15, 1969 wrote book "Weep No More My Lady"

Will Gilmore

Step-Father
married Ethel Gumm c. 1939

Frank Gumm

Father
died on November 17, 1935

Ethel Gumm

Mother
died on January 5, 1953

Dorothy Gumm

Sister
born on July 4, 1917 performed with siblings as the Gumm Sisters

Mary Gumm

Sister
born on September 24, 1915 performed with siblings as the Gumm Sisters committed suicide in May 1964

Mark Herron

Husband
married on November 14, 1965 in Las Vegas divorced in April 1967 died on January 13, 1996

Lorna Luft Actor

Child
Born on November 21, 1952 father, Sid Luft was married to Jake Hooker with whom she had daughter Vanessa Hooker and son Jesse Hooker married arranger Colin Friedman in 1996

Sid Luft Actor

Husband
married on June 8, 1952 divorced in 1965 Born c. 1915 became her manager

Joseph Luft

Son
born on March 29, 1955 father, Sid Luft

Joseph L. Mankiewicz Actor

Companion

Liza Minnelli Actor

Child

Liza Minnelli

Daughter
born on March 12, 1946 father, Vincente Minnelli

Vincente Minnelli Actor

Husband
Directed Garland in four films including "Meet Me in St. Louis" (1944) Married in 1945 divorced in 1951

Tyrone Power Actor

Companion
had relationship c. 1942-43

David Rose Actor

Husband
Married on July 28, 1941 Garland filed for divorce in June 1944 divorced in 1945 died on August 23, 1990

Milestones

1968

Final concert appearance in Copenhagen, Denmark

1968

Gave last US concert in Philadelphia (July 30)

1967

Final appearance at NYC's Palace Theater (summer)

1964

Toured Australia and then appeared in London with daughter Liza Minnelli at the Palladium

1963

Last film, "I Could Go on Singing"

1962

Offered fine dramatic turn in John Cassavetes' "A Child Is Waiting"

1961

Returned to features in cameo role as a concentration camp survivor who testifies in "Judgment at Nuremberg"; received Best Supporting Actress Oscar nomination

1961

Triumphed in a concert at NYC's Carnegie Hall (April 23); recording won Grammy Award

1960

Performed with Frank Sinatra at a Democratic fundraiser for the presidential campaign of John F Kennedy

1959

Hospitalized and diagnosed with hepatitis; reportedly was told she would remain a semi-invalid

1956

Las Vegas debut (July)

1956

Returned to NYC's Palace Theater for eight-week run (September 26)

1954

Returned to films after a four-year absence in "A Star Is Born"; received first Oscar nomination as Best Actress ; last film for seven years

1951

Played NYC's Palace Theater

1951

Began series of legendary live concert appearances at the London Palladium (April 9)

1950

Dropped by MGM

1948

Last film appearance with Rooney, a guest cameo in "Words and Music" in which the two sang "I Wish I Were in Love Again"

1948

Teamed with Fred Astaire in "Easter Parade"

1946

Starred in "The Harvey Girls"

1944

Played rare non-singing role in the romance, "The Clock", directed by Vincente Minnelli

1943

Delivered memorable performance in "Meet Me in St. Louis"; introduced popular standards "The Boy Next Door". "The Trolley Song" and "Have Yourself a Merry Little Christmas"

1942

Made solo concert debut in Philadelphia (July)

1940

Made exhibitors poll of top ten boxoffice stars; placed 10th

1939

Achieved star status with roles in "The Wizard of Oz" and "Babes in Arms" awarded an honorary Academy Award as outstanding juvenile performer for the former, in which she also introduced the Oscar-winning song that became her signature, "Over the Rainbow"

1937

First appearance with Mickey Rooney, "Thoroughbreds Don't Cry"

1936

Appeared in the short "Every Sunday" opposite fellow teen-star-in-the-making, Deanna Durbin

1936

Feature film acting debut in "Pigskin Parade"

1936

Signed to a recording contract by Decca Records

1935

Network radio debut on "Shell Chateau Hour"

1935

Auditioned for and was signed by MGM; seven-year contract commenced on October 1

1935

Oldest sister's marriage forced breakup of singing trio

1934

Changed billing to Judy Garland, taking her first name after a popular song of the day

1934

Performed with sisters at the World's Fair, held in Chicago; met George Jessel who suggested they change their surname to Garland

1929

Appeared in Warner Bros. Vitaphone shorts with siblings

1929

Film debut with siblings in "Starlet Revue/The Big Revue"

1926

Family moved to California

1924

First musical stage appearance, singing "Jingle Bells" at her parents' theater in Minnesota (December 26)

Had a series of breakdowns in the late 1940s; made first suicide attempt; was replaced in leading roles of films including "The Barkleys of Broadway" (1949), "Annie Get Your Gun" (1950), "Royal Wedding" (1951)

Starred in TV variety series, "The Judy Garland Show" (CBS)

Performed in vaudeville with siblings as the singing trio the Gumm Sisters

Bonus Trivia

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Biographers have variously reported that Garland had "affairs" with Orson Welles, Yul Brynner, Frank Sinatra, Peter Lawford, David Begelman, Dirk Bogarde, Glenn Ford and Joseph L Mankiewicz, to name a few.

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Her mother billed her as the "little girl with the leather lungs".

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"My life was a combination of absolute chaos and absolute solitude." --Judy Garland in 1960

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"There was no prototype for Garland except Garland herself." --director George Cukor

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