Karl Freund

Director of photography, Director, Assistant cameraman
At the age of 16, Karl Freund -- who would photograph some of the great expressionist films as well as "I Love Lucy" -- began his long, illustrious career in motion pictures as a projectionist. Within two years, he had ... Read more »
Born: 01/15/1890

Filmography

Camera, Film, & Tape (22)

I Love Lucy 1951 - 1957 (TV Show)

Director of Photography

Key Largo 1948 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

That Hagen Girl 1947 (Movie)

(Photography)

Undercurrent 1946 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

Without Love 1945 (Movie)

(Photography)

Cry Havoc 1944 (Movie)

(Photography)

The War Against Mrs. Hadley 1941 (Movie)

(Photography)

Balalaika 1938 (Movie)

cinematography (Cinematographer)

Golden Boy 1938 (Movie)

(Photography)

Camille 1936 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

Conquest 1936 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

The Good Earth 1936 (Movie)

(Photography)

The Kiss Before the Mirror 1932 (Movie)

(Photography)

Dracula 1931 (Movie)

(Photography)

All Quiet on the Western Front 1930 (Movie)

(butterfly sequence) (Photography)

Bad Sister 1930 (Movie)

(Director of Photography)

Strictly Dishonorable 1930 (Movie)

(Photography)

Faust 1926 (Movie)

pre-production photography (Photography)

Metropolis 1925 (Movie)

(1926) (Photography)

Der Letzte Mann 1923 (Movie)

(Photography)

Der Golem, wie er in die Welt kam 1919 (Movie)

(Photography)

Die Spinnen 1919 (Movie)

("Das Brillantenschiff (The Diamond Ship)") (Photography)
Director (1)

The Mummy 1931 (Movie)

(Director)

Biography

At the age of 16, Karl Freund -- who would photograph some of the great expressionist films as well as "I Love Lucy" -- began his long, illustrious career in motion pictures as a projectionist. Within two years, he had graduated to camera operator and received a variety of assignments, including newsreels and shorts, particularly for Pathe. Always an innovator, Freund was experimenting with sound film as early as 1908, and also developed his own camera. In the 1920s, Freund worked at the UFA studios during what has become known as the Golden Age of German cinema. Collaborating with such film artists as Fritz Lang, F.W. Murnau, Paul Wegener and E.A. Dupont, Freund helped to create some of the most beautiful and highly regarded films of the silent era. Freund was renowned for his daring camera angles, and his lighting effects, the latter a hallmark of the expressionism school. In 1924, he worked on "The Last Laugh" with Murnau and screenwriter Carl Mayer. Mayer collaborated closely with Freund to write a script exploiting the potentials of a moving camera. The camera became an integral part of the narrative, interpreting and visualizing the central character's state of mind. To film one scene where the main character is intoxicated, Freund strapped the camera to his chest, batteries to his back for balance, and stumbled about like a drunken man.

Milestones

1951

Designed cinematography for "I Love Lucy" setting standard for all future three-camera film TV programming; became chief cinematographer for Desilu Productions

1950

Left films for TV

1943

Founded Photo Research Corporation of Burbank

1937

Won Academy Award as DP of "The Good Earth"

1935

Signed contract with MGM

1932

Made directorial debut, "The Mummy"

1930

Signed contract with Universal

1929

Moved to Hollywood

1928

Founded Movie Colour Ltd. In Great Britain

1926

Production head of Fox-Europa

1926

Co-produced and co-wrote documentary "Berlin - A Symphony of a Big City"

1924

Was DP on the classic "The Last Laugh"

1919

Opened own film processing laboratory

1910

Was DP on "Der Liebling der Frauen

1908

First experimented with sound

1907

Became assistant cameraperson for Pathe

1907

First film as director of photography (short) on "Der Hauptman von Kopenick"

1906

Worked as an apprentice projectionist in Berlin

Moved to Germany as child

SIMILAR ARTICLES