Luis Buñuel

Director, Screenwriter, Producer
One of the founders of surrealist cinema, Luis Bunuel enjoyed a career as diverse and contradictory as his films: he was a master of both silent and sound cinema, of documentaries as well as features; his greatest work ... Read more »
Born: 02/22/1900 in Calanda, Teruel, ES

Filmography

Writer (31)

That Obscure Object of Desire 2001 (Movie)

adaptation (Writer (adaptation))

That Obscure Object of Desire 2001 (Movie)

dialogue (Writer (dialogue))

That Obscure Object of Desire 2001 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

Death In This Garden 2000 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

Regarding Bunuel 2000 (Movie)

from autobiography("My Last Breath") (Book as Source Material)

The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie 2000 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

La Novia de Medianoche 1996 (Movie)

from script (Writer (adaptation))

Republic of Sin 1988 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

Le Fantome de la Liberte 1973 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

Le Moine 1972 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

Tristana 1970 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

The Milky Way 1969 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

Belle de Jour 1967 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

Diary of a Chambermaid 1964 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

Simon of the Desert 1964 (Movie)

dialogue (Writer (dialogue))

Simon of the Desert 1964 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

The Exterminating Angel 1962 (Movie)

dialogue (Writer (dialogue))

The Exterminating Angel 1962 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

The Criminal Life of Archibaldo de La Cruz 1961 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

Viridiana 1960 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

Nazarin 1959 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

The Young One 1959 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

That Is The Dawn 1955 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

The River of Death 1955 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

Abismos de Pasion 1954 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

Adventures of Robinson Crusoe 1954 (Movie)

dialogue (Writer (dialogue))

Adventures of Robinson Crusoe 1954 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

Los olvidados 1949 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

Las Hurdes 1931 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

L' Age d'Or 1930 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

Un Chien Andalou 1927 (Movie)

(Screenplay)
Director (25)

That Obscure Object of Desire 2001 (Movie)

(Director)

Death In This Garden 2000 (Movie)

(Director)

The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie 2000 (Movie)

(Director)

Republic of Sin 1988 (Movie)

(Director)

Le Fantome de la Liberte 1973 (Movie)

(Director)

Tristana 1970 (Movie)

(Director)

The Milky Way 1969 (Movie)

(Director)

Belle de Jour 1967 (Movie)

(Director)

Diary of a Chambermaid 1964 (Movie)

(Director)

Simon of the Desert 1964 (Movie)

(Director)

The Exterminating Angel 1962 (Movie)

(Director)

Viridiana 1960 (Movie)

(Director)

Nazarin 1959 (Movie)

(Director)

The Young One 1959 (Movie)

(Director)

That Is The Dawn 1955 (Movie)

(Director)

The River of Death 1955 (Movie)

(Director)

Abismos de Pasion 1954 (Movie)

(Director)

Adventures of Robinson Crusoe 1954 (Movie)

(Director)

Illusion Travels By Streetcar 1953 (Movie)

(Director)

Una Mujer Sin Amor 1950 (Movie)

(Director)

Los olvidados 1949 (Movie)

(Director)

Las Hurdes 1931 (Movie)

(Director)

L' Age d'Or 1930 (Movie)

(Director)

Un Chien Andalou 1927 (Movie)

(Director)
Actor (3)

Regarding Bunuel 2000 (Movie)

(Actor)

The Bunuel Paradox 1996 (Movie)

Himself (Actor)

Un Chien Andalou 1927 (Movie)

Man With Razor (Actor)
Music (2)

The Milky Way 1969 (Movie)

(Music)

Un Chien Andalou 1927 (Movie)

(Music)
Editor (2)

L' Age d'Or 1930 (Movie)

(Editor)

Un Chien Andalou 1927 (Movie)

(Editor)
Producer (2)

L' Age d'Or 1930 (Movie)

(Producer)

Un Chien Andalou 1927 (Movie)

(Producer)
Sound (1)

Le Fantome de la Liberte 1973 (Movie)

special sound effects (Sound Effects)
Production Management (1)

La Sirene des tropiques 1928 (Movie)

(Assistant Director)
Other (2)

Chance, History, Art... 1980 (Movie)

film extract("Un Chien Andalou" (1929)) (Other)

The Exterminating Angel 1962 (Movie)

from scenario("Los Naufragos de la calle de la Providencia") (Other)

Biography

One of the founders of surrealist cinema, Luis Bunuel enjoyed a career as diverse and contradictory as his films: he was a master of both silent and sound cinema, of documentaries as well as features; his greatest work was produced in the two decades after his 60th year, a time when most directors have either retired or gone into decline; and although frequently characterized as a surrealist, many of his films were dramas and farces in the realist or neo-realist mode. Yet despite all the innovations and permutations of his work, Bunuel remained suprisingly consistent and limited in the targets of his social satire: the Catholic Church, bourgeois culture, and Fascism. As he once commented, "Religious education and Surrealism have marked me for life."

Relationships

Margarita Bunuel

Sister

Maria Bunuel

Sister

Leonardo Bunuel

Father
married at age 42 died in 1923

Juan-Luis Bunuel

Son
mother, Jeanne Rucar

Rafael Bunuel

Son
mother, Jeanne Rucar

Alfonso Bunuel

Brother
born in 1915 died in 1961

Leonardo Bunuel

Brother
died in 1980

Alicia Bunuel

Sister
died in 1977

Conchita Bunuel

Sister
the youngest

Maria Portoles

Mother
married at age 17

Jeanne Rucar

Wife
born c. 1910 married in 1934

EDUCATION

Instituto Nacional de Ensenanza Media

1915 - 1917

Academie du Cinema

Paris

Colegio del Salvador

attended for seven years

University of Madrid

Madrid 1917 - 1925

Colegio del Salvador

attended for seven years

Milestones

1961

Invited by Spanish government to return; made "Viridiana"; film suppressed in Spain

1950

"Los Olvidados" set record by winning 11 Ariel awards

1946

Moved to Mexico; made films there for next fifteen years

1943

Returned to Hollywood to produce Spanish versions of Warner Brothers films

1941

Dismissed because of suspicion of Communist background

1936

Hired as cultural attache by Republican government (Paris); returned to Hollywood to supervise (ultimately unrealized) documentaries on Spanish Civil War

1935

Becomes executive producer for Filmofono Films in Madrid, supervising musicals and comedies

1932

Hired by Paramount (Europe) as dubber

1931

Returned to France

1930

Hired for six months by MGM after he made "L'Age d'Or" with the idea that he would be involved in making foreign-language versions of other MGM films

1929

First film as director and co-screenwriter (with Salvador Dali) "Un chien Andalou"

1927

Stage directing debut (Amsterdam) with "El Retablo de Maese Pedro"

1927

Debut as playwright with Spanish "Hamlet"

1926

Film acting debut in "Carmen"

1926

First film as assistant director "Mauprat"

1925

Went to Paris; invited by director Jean Epstein to be his assistant

1922

Began contributing to literary journals

Worked at Museum of Modern Art, New York, re-editing, dubbing, directing documentaries for Latin American distribution

Grew up in Saragossa

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