Otto Preminger

Director, Producer, Actor
Along with his fellow Austrian migr Erich von Stroheim, Otto Preminger enjoyed a long reign in Hollywood as the quintessence of the dictatorial European auteur. With his theatre work in Vienna having attracted attention ... Read more »
Born: 12/05/1906 in Austria

Filmography

Director (34)

The Human Factor 1980 (Movie)

(Director)

Rosebud 1974 (Movie)

(Director)

Such Good Friends 1971 (Movie)

(Director)

Tell Me That You Love Me, Junie Moon 1970 (Movie)

(Director)

Skidoo 1968 (Movie)

(Director)

Hurry Sundown 1967 (Movie)

(Director)

In Harm's Way 1965 (Movie)

(Director)

Bunny Lake Is Missing 1964 (Movie)

(Director)

The Cardinal 1963 (Movie)

(Director)

Advise and Consent 1962 (Movie)

(Director)

Exodus 1960 (Movie)

(Director)

Anatomy of a Murder 1959 (Movie)

(Director)

Bonjour Tristesse 1958 (Movie)

(Director)

Porgy and Bess 1958 (Movie)

(Director)

Saint Joan 1957 (Movie)

(Director)

The Court Martial of Billy Mitchell 1955 (Movie)

(Director)

The Man With the Golden Arm 1955 (Movie)

(Director)

Carmen Jones 1954 (Movie)

(Director)

River of No Return 1954 (Movie)

(Director)

Angel Face 1953 (Movie)

(Director)

The 13th Letter 1950 (Movie)

(Director)

In the Meantime, Darling 1944 (Movie)

(Director)

Laura 1944 (Movie)

(Director)

Margin For Error 1942 (Movie)

(Director)

Centennial Summer (Movie)

(Director)

Daisy Kenyon (Movie)

(Director)

Danger: Love at Work (Movie)

(Director)

Fallen Angel (Movie)

(Director)

Forever Amber (Movie)

(Director)

That Lady in Ermine (Movie)

(Director)

The Moon Is Blue (Movie)

(Director)

Under Your Spell (Movie)

(Director)

Where the Sidewalk Ends (Movie)

(Director)

Whirlpool (Movie)

(Director)
Producer (25)

The Human Factor 1980 (Movie)

(Producer)

Rosebud 1974 (Movie)

(Producer)

Such Good Friends 1971 (Movie)

(Producer)

Tell Me That You Love Me, Junie Moon 1970 (Movie)

(Producer)

Skidoo 1968 (Movie)

(Producer)

Hurry Sundown 1967 (Movie)

(Producer)

In Harm's Way 1965 (Movie)

(Producer)

Bunny Lake Is Missing 1964 (Movie)

(Producer)

The Cardinal 1963 (Movie)

(Producer)

Exodus 1960 (Movie)

(Producer)

Anatomy of a Murder 1959 (Movie)

(Producer)

Bonjour Tristesse 1958 (Movie)

(Producer)

Saint Joan 1957 (Movie)

(Producer)

The Man With the Golden Arm 1955 (Movie)

(Producer)

Carmen Jones 1954 (Movie)

(Producer)

Angel Face 1953 (Movie)

(Producer)

The 13th Letter 1950 (Movie)

(Producer)

In the Meantime, Darling 1944 (Movie)

(Producer)

Laura 1944 (Movie)

(Producer)

Centennial Summer (Movie)

(Producer)

Daisy Kenyon (Movie)

(Producer)

Fallen Angel (Movie)

(Producer)

The Moon Is Blue (Movie)

(Producer)

Where the Sidewalk Ends (Movie)

(Producer)

Whirlpool (Movie)

(Producer)
Actor (9)

Rickles 1975 - 1976 (TV Show)

Actor

Hollywood on Trial 1975 (Movie)

Himself (Actor)

Stalag 17 1953 (Movie)

Oberst Von Scherbach (Actor)

Margin For Error 1942 (Movie)

Karl Baumer (Actor)

They Got Me Covered 1942 (Movie)

Fauscheim (Actor)

Batman (TV Show)

Actor

That Lady in Ermine (Movie)

(Actor)

The Hobbit (TV Show)

Voice

The Pied Piper (Movie)

Maj. Diessen (Actor)

Biography

Along with his fellow Austrian émigré Erich von Stroheim, Otto Preminger enjoyed a long reign in Hollywood as the quintessence of the dictatorial European auteur. With his theatre work in Vienna having attracted attention from Broadway and Tinseltown, Preminger sailed to America in 1935 to begin a long and often combative relationship with Twentieth Century Fox. Locking antlers with autocratic studio head Darryl F. Zanuck, Preminger churned out several forgettable films before fleeing to New York. Again, the maverick director's stage work drew critical huzzahs and a return ticket to Hollywood. This time Preminger scored with the proto-noir "Laura" (1944), which netted him an Oscar nomination. A string of stylish thrillers, including "Black Angel" (1945) and "Where the Sidewalk Ends" (1950), established him as a world-class filmmaker while his reputation as an on-set tyrant was solidified by his performance as a Nazi prison camp commandant in Billy Wilder's "Stalag 17" (1950). A controversial figure for his taboo-shattering films "The Man with the Golden Arm" (1955), "Anatomy of a Murder" (1959) and "Advise and Consent" (1962), Preminger's industry stock tumbled with the failure of subsequent projects. Branded as aging and out of touch, his later films, including "Hurry Sundown" (1967), "Skidoo" (1968) and "Rosebud" (1968), were met with open critical hostility. Dead in 1986 from the ravages of Alzheimer's disease, Preminger's legacy endured, due to the legend of his larger-than-life personality, his unforgettable physical presence, and a super-sized ego that earned him the nickname Otto the Ogre.

Relationships

Patricia Bryce

Wife
married in 1958 was fashion coordinator on Preminger's film "Bonjour Tristesse" (1957) mother of Preminger's twin son and daughter

Dorothy Dandridge Actor

Companion

Mary Gardner

Wife
married in 1951 divorced in 1958

Gypsy Rose Lee Actor

Companion
mother of Erik Lee Preminger

Marion Mill

Wife
married in 1932 divorced in the late 1940s hired Preminger to represent her in the only legal case he ever handled Preminger then cast her in the stage production of "The Front Page" which he directed (1931) became a well-known New York and Hollywood hostess

Markus Preminger

Father
chief prosecutor for the Austro-Hungarian Empire and then for the imperial army

Josepha Preminger

Mother
daughter of a lumberyard owner

Victoria Preminger

Daughter
born 1960 twin of Mark mother, Patricia Hope Bryce

Erik Preminger

Son
born c. 1945 mother, Gypsy Rose Lee Preminger learned that Erik Kirkland was his son in 1971 and officially adopted him worked for Preminger as a writer and associate producer

Mark Preminger

Son
born in 1960 twin of Victoria mother, Patricia Hope Bryce

Ingo Preminger

Brother
born c. 1910

EDUCATION

University of Vienna

1928
earned degree after flunking once(LLD)

Milestones

1979

Directed last film, "The Human Factor"

1953

Became an independent producer; first film project, "The Moon Is Blue" became first film refused Production Code seal of approval when Preminger refused to delete the words "virgin" "pregnant", "mistress" and "seduction" from the script of the film

1951

Returned to the Broadway stage to direct "Four Twelves Are Forty-Eight" and "The Moon Is Blue"

1943

Hired as producer, he also replaced Rouben Mamoulian as director on film noir classic "Laura"

1942

Hired to recreate his role in "Margin for Error" in film version, Preminger offered to direct and star for only an actor's fee; resulted in a contract with 20th Century-Fox to act, direct and produce

1941

Returned to Hollywood as an actor, playing a Nazi officer in "The Pied Piper"

1940

Made Broadway acting debut (replacing another actor) in Clare Boothe Luce's play, "Margin for Error" (also directed)

1936

Directed first Hollywood film, "Under Your Spell"

1935

Invited by Joseph M Schenck to work for his newly merged 20th Century-Fox in Hollywood

1935

Directed first Broadway play, "Libel"

1932

Took over as director of the Josefstadt when Reinhardt went into semi-retirement

1931

Returned to the Josefstadt as an assistant director

1931

Handled only law case, a breach-of-contract suit brought by a nightclub owner against actress Marion Mill (whom he represented); Preminger then cast Mill in "The Front Page" which he was directing and married her the following year

1931

Directed first film, "Die Grosse Liebe/The Great Love"

1925

Joined German theater in Aussig (now in Czechoslavakia) where he also made his directorial debut with a production of Klabund's "Kreiderkreis/The Chalk Circle"

Apprenticed at Max Reinhardt's Theater, Josefstadt in Vienna

Stage debut as Lysander in "A Midsummer Night's Dream" at Josefstadt Theater (not directed by Reinhardt) at age 17

After falling out with Darryl F Zanuck, returned to New York and directed seven plays

Returned to Vienna to launch theater of his own, the Komedia and two years later, the Schauspielhaus while simultaneously studying law at the University of Vienna

Acting debut at age 12, the only child among adults at a poetry reading

Bonus Trivia

.

In his autobiography, Preminger explains the discrepancy in his birth date and place: "One set of documents lists Vienna as my birthplace but another set...places my birth at my great-grandfather's farm some distance away. One records that I was born on the fifth of December, 1906, the other exactly one year earlier."

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