Along with his fellow Austrian émigré Erich von Stroheim, Otto Preminger enjoyed a long reign in Hollywood as the quintessence of the dictatorial European auteur. With his theatre work in Vienna having attracted attention from Broadway and Tinseltown, Preminger sailed to America in 1935 to begin a long and often combative relationship with Twentieth Century Fox. Locking antlers with autocratic studio head Darryl F. Zanuck, Preminger churned out several forgettable films before fleeing to New York. Again, the maverick director's stage work drew critical huzzahs and a return ticket to Hollywood. This time Preminger scored with the proto-noir "Laura" (1944), which netted him an Oscar nomination. A string of stylish thrillers, including "Black Angel" (1945) and "Where the Sidewalk Ends" (1950), established him as a world-class filmmaker while his reputation as an on-set tyrant was solidified by his performance as a Nazi prison camp commandant in Billy Wilder's "Stalag 17" (1950). A controversial figure for his taboo-shattering films "The Man with the Golden Arm" (1955), "Anatomy of a Murder" (1959) and "Advise and Consent" (1962), Preminger's industry stock tumbled with the failure of subsequent projects. Branded as aging and out of touch, his later films, including "Hurry Sundown" (1967), "Skidoo" (1968) and "Rosebud" (1968), were met with open critical hostility. Dead in 1986 from the ravages of Alzheimer's disease, Preminger's legacy endured, due to the legend of his larger-than-life personality, his unforgettable physical presence, and a super-sized ego that earned him the nickname Otto the Ogre.