Patricia Neal

Actor, Model
Though she initially found success on Broadway, actress Patricia Neal became a Hollywood star thanks to several memorable performances, only to see her career cut short due to a series of illnesses and personal ... Read more »
Born: 01/19/1926 in Packard, Kentucky, USA

Filmography

Actor (58)

Cooper & Hemingway: The True Gen 2013 (Movie)

Herself (Actor)

Bright Leaves 2004 (Movie)

Herself (Actor)

Private Screenings: Patricia Neal 2003 - 2004 (TV Show)

Actor

Cookie's Fortune 1999 (Movie)

Jewel Mae "Cookie" Orcutt (Actor)

The Lives of Lillian Hellman 1998 - 1999 (TV Show)

Actor

Andy Griffith: Hollywood's Homespun Hero 1997 - 1998 (TV Show)

Actor

Gary Cooper: The Face of a Hero 1997 - 1998 (TV Show)

Actor

The 70th Annual Academy Awards 1997 - 1998 (TV Show)

Actor

The 50th Annual Tony Awards 1995 - 1996 (TV Show)

Actor

An Unremarkable Life 1989 (Movie)

Frances McEllany (Actor)

Ghost Story 1981 (Movie)

Stella Hawthorne (Actor)

All Quiet on the Western Front 1979 - 1980 (TV Show)

Actor

The Passage 1979 (Movie)

Ariel Bergson (Actor)

Widows' Nest 1976 (Movie)

Lupe (Actor)

Happy Mother's Day... Love, George 1972 (Movie)

Cara (Actor)

Baxter 1971 (Movie)

Dr Clemm (Actor)

The Night Digger 1970 (Movie)

Maura (Actor)

The Subject Was Roses 1968 (Movie)

Nettie Cleary (Actor)

In Harm's Way 1965 (Movie)

Lt Maggie Haynes (Actor)

Psyche '59 1964 (Movie)

Allison Crawford (Actor)

Hud 1962 (Movie)

Alma (Actor)

Breakfast At Tiffany's 1961 (Movie)

2-E (Actor)

Omnibus 1952 - 1961 (TV Show)

Actor

Playhouse 90 1956 - 1960 (TV Show)

Performer

Studio One 1948 - 1958 (TV Show)

Actor

A Face in the Crowd 1957 (Movie)

Marcia Jeffries (Actor)

Something For the Birds 1952 (Movie)

(Actor)

Operation Pacific 1951 (Movie)

(Actor)

The Day the Earth Stood Still 1951 (Movie)

(Actor)

The Breaking Point 1950 (Movie)

Leona Charles (Actor)

The Hasty Heart 1950 (Movie)

(Actor)

Three Secrets 1950 (Movie)

(Actor)

John Loves Mary 1949 (Movie)

(Actor)

The Fountainhead 1948 (Movie)

Dominique Francon (Actor)

Backstory (TV Show)

Actor

Bright Leaf (Movie)

Margaret Jane Singleton (Actor)

Caroline? (TV Show)

Actor

Diplomatic Courier (Movie)

Joan Ross (Actor)

Eric (TV Show)

Actor

Flying By (TV Show)

Actor

Heidi (TV Show)

Actor

It's a Great Feeling (Movie)

Herself (Actor)

John Wayne: American Legend (TV Show)

Actor

Love Leads the Way (TV Show)

Actor

Shattered Vows (TV Show)

Actor

Tail Gunner Joe (TV Show)

Actor

The Bastard (TV Show)

Actor

The Face: Jesus in Art (TV Show)

Narrator

The Homecoming (TV Show)

Actor

The Way They Were (TV Show)

Actor

Things in Their Season (TV Show)

Actor

Washington Story (Movie)

Alice Kingsly (Actor)

Biography

Though she initially found success on Broadway, actress Patricia Neal became a Hollywood star thanks to several memorable performances, only to see her career cut short due to a series of illnesses and personal tragedies from which she never fully recovered. Neal first gained notice on the stage with her Tony-winning performance in "Another Part of the Forest" (1947), which led to her venturing out onto the silver screen. She made her presence known with an acclaimed turn in "The Fountainhead" (1949), particularly due to her highly publicized affair with co-star Gary Cooper, which allegedly resulted in a nervous breakdown a few years later. Meanwhile, she married writer Roald Dahl and continued making movies, albeit in roles ill-suited to her talents. Neal went back to triumph on Broadway, only to return to Hollywood with two of her best films, "Breakfast at Tiffany's" (1961) and "Hud" (1963), the latter of which earned her an Academy Award. But just as her film career was finally taking shape, Neal suffered a debilitating series of strokes while pregnant that left her paralyzed and unable to speak. With help and encouragement from Dahl, she made a near-full recovery and returned to work, only to find film offers few and far between. She did have a critical triumph with "The Subject was Roses" (1968), but was consigned to just a few movies in the ensuing decades while suffering the death of her daughter from illness and the permanent brain damage of her son from an accident. Regardless of the numerous tragedies in her life, Neal remained a strong and resilient performer worthy of great respect.

Born on Jan. 20, 1926 in Packard, KY, Neal was raised in Knoxville by her father, William, who worked as a transportation manager for South Coal & Coke Co., and her mother, Eura. She first discovered her talent for performing by reciting monologues at her local church. When she was 12 years old, Neal began receiving dramatic coaching and later joined the Tennessee Valley Players. Neal left Knoxville High School before graduating in order to join the Barter Theatre in Abington, VA, where she served as an understudy and an assistant stage manager. Neal next studied at Northwestern University's drama department with Alvina Krause and joined Krause's theater company in Eagles Mere, PA, before making the trek to New York to find stardom on Broadway. In 1945, she was the understudy for Vivian Vance in John van Druten's "The Voice of the Turtle," and eventually replaced the actress for two weeks during the play's Chicago run. After being brought into the Theatre Guild by Eugene O'Neill, she was seen by Lillian Hellman, who cast the actress for the lead in "Another Part of the Forest" (1947), which earned her several major awards, including a Tony.

Soon Hollywood came calling, leading to Neal's film debut in "John Loves Mary" (1949). She then burst upon the scene in King Vidor's adaptation of Ayn Rand's "The Fountainhead" (1949) opposite Gary Cooper. Blonde, yet dark, and grownup beyond her years, Neal captivated the older Cooper, which resulted in an affair that generated unrelenting publicity, allegedly causing her a nervous breakdown and nearly wrecking his marriage to Veronica Balfe. Making matters worse was his insistence that she have an abortion after Neal became pregnant with his child. In the next few years, neither Warner Bros. nor Fox succeeded in making her a major star, despite able performances as the nice nurse who allowed Richard Todd to curl up in her lap in "The Hasty Heart" (1949) and as the wise-cracking blonde in "The Breaking Point" (1950). Leaving Hollywood behind, she returned to New York for a Broadway revival of "The Children's Hour" (1952), followed by an off-Broadway production of "The School for Scandal" (1953). After she married writer and former Royal Air Force pilot Roald Dahl in 1953, she relocated to Great Britain and began carefully selecting her roles.

Neal continued to chose Broadway over Hollywood, appearing in "A Roomful of Roses" (1955) and "Cat on a Hot Tin Roof" (1956). But she soon opened her second and richest cinematic phase with director Elia Kazan's acid portrait of political demagoguery, "A Face in the Crowd" (1957), in which her character turned the tables on Andy Griffith's power-crazed bumpkin. Meanwhile, she made her West End debut in "Suddenly Last Summer" (1958) and returned to Broadway for a supporting role in "The Miracle Worker" (1959). Neal was in top form in a supporting role as a wealthy woman who keeps a struggling writer (George Peppard) in her clutches in "Breakfast at Tiffany's" (1961). She followed by delivering the most powerful performance of her career in "Hud" (1963), playing the likable housekeeper assaulted by Paul Newman's cold-hearted and hard-drinking Texas rancher. She picked up several awards, including a Best Actress Oscar for her troubles, and appeared to reach the height of her profession. But after filming two more movies, "Psyche 59" (1964) and "In Harm's Way" (1965), Neal suffered a series of debilitating strokes during her fifth pregnancy that confined her to a wheelchair and interrupted her career.

With unrelenting support from husband Dahl, Neal overcame partial paralysis, severely impaired speech and memory loss in order to make a brilliant comeback in "The Subject was Roses" (1968). Though it earned her an Oscar nomination, her subsequent work remained intermittent and sadly of no great consequence. Perhaps her most notable later role was that of Olivia Walton in "The Homecoming - A Christmas Story" (CBS, 1971), the original movie pilot for the "The Waltons" (CBS, 1972-1981). Neal's courage had carried through other personal tragedies, like the death of her 13-year-old daughter Olivia from measles and the eight brain operations her son Theo required after being hit by a taxi as a baby. Meanwhile, she tried to mount a comeback by playing Richard Thomas' mother in "All Quiet on the Western Front" (CBS, 1979), only to find Hollywood unwilling to take a chance on her. She was, however, the subject of her own made-for-television movie, "The Patricia Neal Story" (CBS, 1981), in which she was portrayed by Glenda Jackson. In 1988, Neal published her memoirs, As I Am, while taking roles when she could, including as Shelley Winters' sister in "An Unremarkable Life" (1989) and the titular role in Robert Altman's "Cookie's Fortune" (1999). Ten years later, Neal made her final screen appearance opposite Billy Ray Cyrus and Heather Locklear in the made-for-cable movie, "Fly By" (Lifetime, 2009). Just a year later, on Aug. 8, 2010, Neal succumbed to lung cancer in her home of Edgartown, MA. She was 84.

Relationships

Eura Mildred Neal

Mother

Lucy Neal Dahl

Daughter

Ophelia Magdalene Dahl

Daughter

Theo Mathew Roald Dahl

Son
hit by a cab as a baby and survived eight brain operations

William Peter Neal

Brother

Gary Cooper Actor

Companion
became involved with each other while making "The Fountainhead" (1949)

Roald Dahl

Husband
married 1953 divorced 1983 after Neal learned he had been having an affair with one of her best friends died 1990

Sophie Dahl Actor

Granddaughter

Roald Dahl Actor

Wife

Olivia Dahl

Daughter
died 1962 at age 13 of measles

Tessa Dahl

Daughter

Sophie Dahl

Granddaughter

William Neal

Father
worked for South Coal & Coke Co.

Margaret Neal

Sister
older

EDUCATION

Park Lowry Grammar School

Knoxville , Tennessee

Knoxville High School

Knoxville , Tennessee

Northwestern University

Evanston , Illinois 1943 - 1945
studied with Alvina Krause; fellow students included Ralph Meeker and Jean Hagan; dropped out to pursue acting career

Milestones

2009

Made final acting appearance opposite Billy Ray Cyrus and Heather Locklear in the drama, "Flying By"

2000

Starred in the short film "For the Love of May"

1999

Portrayed the octogenarian Cookie in Robert Altman's comedy "Cookie's Fortune"

1997

Appeared as interviewee in "Andy Griffith: Hollywood's Homespun Hero" for A&E's "Biography" series

1993

Performed the role of Peter's Grandmother in the Disney Channel miniseries "Heidi"

1989

Portrayed Shelley Winter's sister in "An Unremarkable Life"

1988

Published autobiography "As I Am" (written with Richard Deneut)

1981

Glenda Jackson portrayed Neal and Dirk Bogarde, Roald Dahl, in the CBS TV biopic "The Patricia Neal Story"

1979

Played Richard Thomas's mother in TV-movie remake of "All Quiet on the Western Front" (CBS)

1970

Played Olivia Walton in "The Homecoming--A Christmas Story" (CBS)

1968

Returned to features after strokes with Oscar-nominated starring role in "The Subject Was Roses"

1965

Suffered the first of a series of strokes four days into filming of John Ford's "7 Women"

1962

Delivered Oscar-winning turn as a weary housekeeper opposite Paul Newman in "Hud"

1961

Kept George Peppard as her toy-boy in Blake Edwards' "Breakfast at Tiffany's"

1959

Appeared in "The Miracle Worker" on Broadway

1957

Starred opposite Andy Griffith in "A Face in the Crowd"

1956

Replaced Barbara Bel Geddes in "Cat on a Hot Tin Roof" on Broadway

1955

Returned to Broadway in "A Roomful Of Roses"

1953

Married Roald Dahl and became based in Great Britain

1952

Returned to Broadway in revival of "The Children's Hour"

1952

Began making TV appearances

1951

Dropped by Warners; inked 3-picture deal with Fox

1948

Made feature film acting debut, "John Loves Mary," actually released after "The Fountainhead"

1947

Went to Holllywood; signed 7-year contract with Warner Bros.

1946

Summer try-out in "Devil Takes a Whittler" led to New York stage debut, "Another Part of the Forest", on Broadway; also toured with show; won Tony Award

1944

Left university; went to NYC; understudied Vivian Vance in John van Druten's "The Voice of the Turtle"; replaced Vance for two weeks during play's Chicago run; adopted stage name Patricia Neal

1942

Enrolled at Northwestern University to study drama

1941

Left high school; joined the Barter Theatre, Abingdon, VA, as understudy/assistant stage manager

Joined Alvina Krause's theater company in Eagles Mere, PA

Joined amateur theater group The Tennessee Valley Players

Bonus Trivia

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President Johnson presented her with the Heart of the Year Award

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