Philip Glass

Composer, Director, Musical performer
Celebrated avant-garde composer Philip Glass carved out a significant niche for himself with innovative and bold orchestrations that won him an international reputation and cult following as the most recognized ... Read more »
Born: 01/31/1937 in Baltimore, Maryland, USA

Filmography

Music (80)

Fantastic Four 2015 (Movie)

("Another Body") (Song)

Fantastic Four 2015 (Movie)

(Music)

Réalité 2015 (Movie)

(Music)

Leviathan 2014 (Movie)

(Music)

Visitors 2014 (Movie)

(Music)

Stoker 2013 (Movie)

("Stoker Piano Duet #1") (Song)

Elena 2012 (Movie)

(Music)

O Apóstolo 2012 (Movie)

(Original Music)

Mr. Nice 2011 (Movie)

(Music)

Rebirth 2011 (Movie)

(Composer)

Our Home: The Astral City 2010 (Movie)

(Composer)

Watchmen 2009 (Movie)

("Protest") (Song)

When the Dragon Swallowed the Sun 2009 (Movie)

(Music)

Cassandra's Dream 2008 (Movie)

(Music)

Partition 2008 (Movie)

(Original Music)

No Reservations 2007 (Movie)

(Music)

Hard-Hearted 2006 (Movie)

(Original Music)

La Moustache 2006 (Movie)

(Music)

Notes on a Scandal 2006 (Movie)

Music (Original Music)

Roving Mars 2006 (Movie)

(Music)

The Illusionist 2006 (Movie)

(Composer)

Night Stalker 2005 (Tv Show)

Composer

Taking Lives 2004 (Movie)

(Music)

The Secret Window 2004 (Movie)

(Music)

Undertow 2004 (Movie)

(Music)

Oracles & Demons of Ladakh 2003 (Movie)

(Music)

Pandemic: Facing AIDS 2002 - 2003 (TV Show)

Original Score

The Fog of War 2003 (Movie)

(Original Music)

Naqoyqatsi 2002 (Movie)

(Music)

The Baroness And The Pig 2002 (Movie)

(Music)

The Hours 2002 (Movie)

(Music)

Condo Painting 2000 (Movie)

("Compassion in Exile") (Song Performer)

Condo Painting 2000 (Movie)

(Song)

One Day in September 2000 (Movie)

songs("Facades" "Compassion in Exile (3b x I)" "Closing Reting's Eyes") (Song)

The Source 1999 (Movie)

(Music)

Si je t'aime... prends garde a toi 1998 (Movie)

(Music)

The Eden Myth 1998 (Movie)

(Music)

The Truman Show 1998 (Movie)

(Music)

The Truman Show 1998 (Movie)

(Song)

The Truman Show 1998 (Movie)

("The Beginning" "Living Waters" "Anthem/Part 1" "Anthem/Part 2" "Opening") (Song Performer)

Bent 1997 (Movie)

(Music)

Bent 1997 (Movie)

original music composer (Original Music)

Bent 1997 (Movie)

("The Streets of Berlin") (Song)

Kundun 1997 (Movie)

(Music)

Perfect Moment 1997 (Movie)

(Music)

The Secret Agent 1996 (Movie)

(Music)

Twyla Tharp: Oppositions 1995 - 1996 (TV Show)

Music

Candyman: Farewell to the Flesh 1995 (Movie)

(Music)

The Interview 1994 (Movie)

(Music)

Anima Mundi 1993 (Movie)

(Music)

A Brief History of Time 1992 (Movie)

(Music)

Candyman 1992 (Movie)

(Music)

Closet Land 1991 (Movie)

creative musical supervision (Music)

Closet Land 1991 (Movie)

music supervision (Music Supervisor)

Exposure 1991 (Movie)

song arranger("The Photographer (A Gentleman's Honor)") (Song)

Merci, la vie 1991 (Movie)

(Music)

Mindwalk 1991 (Movie)

(Music)

Nova 1990 - 1991 (Tv Show)

Music

Peter Jennings Reporting: Guns 1989 - 1990 (TV Show)

Music

Timeless Voices: The Gyuto Monks 1989 - 1990 (TV Show)

Music

Timeless Voices: The Gyuto Monks 1989 - 1990 (TV Show)

Performer

Christo in Paris 1989 (Movie)

(Music)

Christo in Paris 1989 (Movie)

("Opening" "Floe" "Island" "Facades" "Closing") (Performer)

The Church 1989 (Movie)

songs (Song)

Powaqqatsi 1988 (Movie)

(Music)

The Thin Blue Line 1988 (Movie)

(Music)

Hamburger Hill 1987 (Movie)

(Music)

Dead End Kids 1986 (Movie)

(Music)

High Wire 1985 - 1986 (TV Show)

Music

Dialogue 1985 (Movie)

(Music)

Mishima: A Life in Four Chapters 1985 (Movie)

(Music)

Mishima: A Life in Four Chapters 1985 (Movie)

(Music Arranger)

Breathless 1983 (Movie)

("Openings/Closings") (Song Performer)

Breathless 1983 (Movie)

songs (Song)

Koyaanisqatsi 1983 (Movie)

music director (Music)

Abused (TV Show)

Music
Actor (21)

Under African Skies 2012 (Movie)

Himself (Actor)

The Colors of the Prism, the Mechanics of Time 2011 (Movie)

Himself (Actor)

Glass: A Portrait of Philip in Twelve Parts 2008 (Movie)

Himself (Actor)

Patti Smith: Dream of Life 2008 (Movie)

(Actor)

Chuck Close 2007 (Movie)

Himself (Actor)

Absolute Wilson 2006 (Movie)

Himself (Actor)

Lincoln Center Festival 2001 2000 - 2001 (TV Show)

Actor

Sessions at West 54th 1997 - 2000 (TV Show)

Actor

The Source 1999 (Movie)

Himself (Actor)

Lou Reed: Rock and Roll Heart 1997 - 1998 (TV Show)

Actor

The Truman Show 1998 (Movie)

Keyboard Artist (Actor)

Edgar Allan Poe: Terror of the Soul 1994 - 1995 (TV Show)

Actor

Timeless Voices: The Gyuto Monks 1989 - 1990 (TV Show)

Actor

Robert Wilson and the Civil Wars 1986 (Movie)

(Actor)

Modern American Composers I 1983 (Movie)

Himself (Actor)

What Maisie Knew 1974 (Movie)

(Actor)
Other (4)

Naqoyqatsi 2002 (Movie)

Dramaturgical Shaping (Other)

The Interview 1994 (Movie)

(Special Thanks)

Powaqqatsi 1988 (Movie)

dramaturgical consultant (Consultant)

A Composer's Notes: Philip Glass and the Making of an Opera 1985 (Movie)

opera("Akhnaten") (Other)

Biography

Celebrated avant-garde composer Philip Glass carved out a significant niche for himself with innovative and bold orchestrations that won him an international reputation and cult following as the most recognized practitioner of minimalism. ROLLING STONE magazine has called the creator of the ground-breaking operatic classic "Einstein on the Beach" (1976) the most important living composer, and though many have dismissed his work as repetitive, he has effectively employed his hypnotic recycled arpeggios, staggered pacing and oft-glacial chord movements to enhance the visual elements in films, both documentary and fiction.

Relationships

JoAnne Akalaitis

Wife
Born on June 29, 1937; co-founder of Mabou Mimes; former artistic director of NYC's Public Theatre met in Chicago married on July 15, 1965 separated in 1974 Divorce finalized in 1980

Luba Burtyk

Wife
married in 1980 divorced

Holly Critchlow

Wife
met in 1996 married in 2001

Benjamin Glass

Father
Jewish immigrated from Europe to USA

Ida Glass

Mother
Jewish immigrated from Europe to USA

Juliet Glass

Daughter
born in 1971 mother, JoAnne Akalaitis

Zachary Glass

Son
born in 1969 mother, JoAnne Akalaitis

Martin Glass

Brother
younger

Sheppie Glass

Sister
older has worked for humanitarian causes

Candy Jernigan

Wife
Married until her death 1991

EDUCATION

University of Chicago

Chicago , Illinois 1952 - 1956
also excelled in wrestling

The Juilliard School

New York , New York 1957 - 1962
entered at age 20; classmates included Steve Reich and Peter Schickele; studied under Vincent Persichetti and William Bergsma

Peabody Conservatory

Baltimore , Maryland 1945 - 1951
school now known as Peabody Institute

University of Chicago

Chicago , Illinois 1952 - 1956
also excelled in wrestling

studied with Nadia Boulanger in 1964

Milestones

2006

Composed the score for Neil Burger's "The Illusionist"

2006

Received an Oscar nomination for Best Original Score for Richard Eyre's "Notes on a Scandal"

2004

Composed the music for the feature "Secret Window"

2002

Composed score for the feature drama "The Hours"; received nominations for a Golden Globe and an Oscar for Best Original Score; earned a grammy nomination

2002

In honor of his 65th birthday, premiered "Symphony No. 6"

2002

Reteamed with Godfrey Reggio for "Naqoyqatasi", the third in the trilogy of films

1999

Composed new score for the 1931 classic "Dracula"

1998

Contributed to the musical score for the motion picture "The Truman Show"

1998

One of five collaborations with director-designer Wilson, "White Raven (O Corvo Blanco)", premiered in Lisbon; commissioned ten years earlier, it told the story of Portugueese explorer Vasco da Gamma

1997

Composed score for Martin Scorsese's "Kundun", a film biography of the Dalai Lama

1997

Enhanced sparse visual look of Sean Mathias' "Bent"

1995

Scored the sequel "Candyman: Farewell to the Flesh"

1992

Provided music for "Compassion in Exile: The Story of the 14th Dalai Lama", originally broadcast on PBS

1992

Second collaboration with Errol Morris, "A Brief History of Time"

1992

Wrote music for the eerie psychological thriller "Candyman"

1992

Premiered the opera "The Voyage", a commission from New York City's Metropolitan Opera

1991

Credited for music supervision on the feature, "Closet Land"

1991

Third teaming with Godfrey Reggio, "Anima Mundi/The Soul of the World"

1990

Began composing a trilogy of operas using films of Jean Cocteau as librettos ("Orphee", "La Belle et la Bete" and "Les Enfants Terribles")

1990

Network TV debut, provided music for the ABC special, "Peter Jennings Reporting: Guns"

1989

First on-screen TV appearance, also credited for music and as a music performer, "Timeless Voices: The Gyuto Monks" (The Discovery Channel)

1988

Collaborated with David Henry Hwang and Jerome Sirlin on the performance piece "1000 Airplanes on the Roof"

1988

Reteamed with Reggio for "Powaqqatsi"

1988

Provided score that heightened the hypnotic effect of Errol Morris' landmark documentary "The Thin Blue Line"

1986

Premiere broadcast on PBS of "Einstein on the Beach"

1986

Colaborated with director-wife JoAnne Akalaitis on documentary "Dead End Kids"

1985

Contributed score to Paul Schrader's "Mishima: A Life in Four Acts"

1985

Early TV music credit for the PBS special, "High Wire"

1984

Appeared as himself in "Modern American Composers I"

1983

Debut as a song performer, also credited for songs, Jim McBride's remake of "Breathless"

1982

Signed an exclusive composer's contract with CBS Masterworks, and released "Glassworks"

1982

First collaboration with Godfrey Reggio, "Koyaanisqatsi"

1980

Composed the opera "Satyagraha"

1978

First feature music credit, "North Star: Mark Disuvero"

1975

Composed first opera, "Einstein on the Beach," which toured throughout the USA and Europe; collaborated with stage director and scenic designer Robert Wilson

1975

Feature debut, as an actor, appearing in the experimental drama, "What Maisie Knew"

1974

Composed the six-hour piece "Music In 12 Parts", considered a landmark in minimalism

1974

Signed by the British rock label Virgin

1970

Created his own Chatham Square Productions in order to record his works

1968

With wife JoAnne Akalaitis and others, co-founded Mabou Mines theater coompany (date approximate)

1968

Formed the Philip Glass Ensemble

1967

Hitchhiked through Africa and India, after which he returned to New York

1965

First gained modicum of notice with "Music for Play", composed for a Mabou Mimes productions

1964

Went to Paris on a Fulbright grant to study with Nadia Boulanger

1962

Was composer-in-residence, Pittsburgh Public Schools

Was resident composer, Tyrone Guthrie Theatre, Minneapolis, Minnesota

Began studying the violin at age 6 and the flute at age 8

While in Paris, hired to transcribe the Indian music of Ravi Shankar in notation readable by French musicians for the soundtrack to the film "Chappaqua"

Raised in Baltimore, Maryland

Bonus Trivia

.

Among his many honors, Glass has received a Broadcast Music Industry Award (1960), a Lado Prize (1961), Benjamin Awards (1961 and 1962), Young Composer's Awards from the Ford Foundation (1964-66), a Foundation for Contemporary Performance Arts award (1970-71) and a National Endowment for the Arts grant (1974-75).

.

Music America named him "Musician of the Year" in 1985.

.

His repetitive minimalist style inspired comedian Emo Phillips to joke: "A friend of mine gave me a Philip Glass record. I listened to it for five hours before I realized it had a scratch on it."

SIMILAR ARTICLES