Radiohead burst onto the music scene in the early '90s after forming at the Abingdon School, in Abingdon, England, in 1985. Thom Yorke was the driving force behind the band, as its singer and guitarist. Jonny Greenwood (bass), his brother, Colin (lead guitar), Phil Selway (drums), and Ed O'Brien (guitar) rounded out the band, initially known as On A Friday. While all of the members (except Jonny, the youngest) left Abingdon to attend university, they continued to return and rehearse. Radiohead released their debut single "Creep" in late 1992. Although the song didn't initially play well in their native England, it had success internationally, including in the U.S. When it was reissued in 1993, after their first full-length album <i>Pablo Honey</i>, the song became a global hit, rising to number 2 in the US and number 7 in the UK. Combining rock and, eventually, electronica with the 'shoegaze' sound of bands like Ride and Slowdive, Radiohead crafted a unique and warm (if occasionally angry) sound. Along with Yorke's cryptic/poetic lyrics and his haunting voice, the band created a genre of its own. Their tone came into greater focus with the release of <i>The Bends</i> in 1995. Although the album didn't have a hit single, it was a creative triumph and made numerous top ten lists. In 1997, Radiohead conquered the world with <i>OK Computer</i>. The album reached number 1 in the UK, and peaked at 21 in the US (where it has sold over 2 million copies), winning a Grammy for Best Alternative Album and spawning a number of hit songs, most notably "Karma Police." Stripping down to a more minimalist style for their follow up, 2000's <i>Kid A</i>, Yorke and his compatriots debuted at number one in the US. The album also served as the beginning of a journey to sever its ties with globalization and commercialism, promoting the album with only three North American concerts. 2001's <i>Amnesiac</i> was another release of tracks from the recording sessions from the previous album. The album was another commercial and critical success, although the band continued to eschew traditional means of supporting the record and instead began to rely more and more on direct communications with their fans. <i>Hail to the Thief</i>, released in 2003, was the band's final record on their label, EMI. As the individual band members pursued side projects and solo works, Radiohead's seventh studio album <i>In Rainbows</i> wasn't completed and released until 2007. Although they did release LPs and CDs later in the year, the band initially released the album on its own website, allowing customers to pay whatever they felt was appropriate. The band reported 1.2 million downloads on its initial day of release. The album also reached number one in the UK and US when it was released as a CD. <i>King of Limbs</i> followed in 2011 and, although it wasn't as successful as <i>In Rainbows</i>, continued Radiohead's quest to be connected directly with their fans. As the band members focused on their own projects (including Jonny Greenwood's scores for several Paul Thomas Anderson films), Radiohead itself went onto the back burner, but never split up.