Raúl Ruiz

Director, Playwright
Rising to international prominence in the early 1980s, Raul Ruiz proved one of the most exciting and innovative foreign filmmakers, providing more intellectual fun and artistic experimentation, shot for shot, than any ... Read more »
Born: 07/24/1941 in Puerto Montt, , CL

Filmography

Director (51)

Love and Virtue 2013 (Movie)

(Director)

Night Across the Street 2013 (Movie)

(Director)

Mysteries of Lisbon 2011 (Movie)

(Director)

A Closed Book 2010 (Movie)

(Director)

La Maison Nucingen 2009 (Movie)

(Director)

Chacun son cinema 2007 (Movie)

("Le Don"/"The Gift") (Director)

Klimt 2007 (Movie)

(Director)

La Recta Provincia 2006 (Movie)

(Director)

Le Domain Perdu 2005 (Movie)

(Director)

Miss Christina 2005 (Movie)

(Director)

A Place Among the Living 2003 (Movie)

(Director)

Dias de Camp 2003 (Movie)

(Director)

Ce Jour-la 2002 (Movie)

(Director)

Savage Souls 2002 (Movie)

(Director)

Vertige De La Page Blanche 2002 (Movie)

(Director)

Combat d'amour en songe 2000 (Movie)

(Director)

Miotte Vu par Ruiz 2000 (Movie)

(Director)

Time Regained 2000 (Movie)

(Director)

Genealogies d'un crime 1998 (Movie)

(Director)

Shattered Image 1998 (Movie)

(Director)

Three Lives and Only One Death 1996 (Movie)

(Director)

A Propos de Nice, La Suite 1995 (Movie)

("Promenade") (Director)

Dark at Noon 1993 (Movie)

(Director)

Fado, Majeur et Mineur 1993 (Movie)

(Director)

The Golden Boat 1991 (Movie)

(Director)

Treasure Island 1990 (Movie)

(Director)

Mammame 1988 (Movie)

(Director)

L' Hypothese du Tableau Vole 1987 (Movie)

(Director)

Brise-glace 1986 (Movie)

("Histoires de Glace") (Director)

Regime sans pain 1986 (Movie)

(Director)

Dans un Miroir 1985 (Movie)

(Director)

Richard III 1985 (Movie)

(Director)

L' Eveille du Pont d'Alma 1984 (Movie)

(Director)

La Presence reele 1984 (Movie)

(Director)

Les Destins de Manoel 1984 (Movie)

(Director)

Berenice 1983 (Movie)

(Director)

La Ville des Pirates 1982 (Movie)

(Director)

Les Trois couronnes du matelot 1982 (Movie)

(Director)

Het Dak van de Walvis 1981 (Movie)

(Director)

The Territory 1980 (Movie)

(Director)

Le Jeu de l'oie 1979 (Movie)

(Director)

La Vocation Suspendue 1976 (Movie)

(Director)

Le Colloque de chiens 1976 (Movie)

(Director)

Dialogue d'exiles 1973 (Movie)

(Director)

Que Hacer? 1971 (Movie)

(Director)

La Colonia Penal 1970 (Movie)

(Director)

Tres tristes tigres 1968 (Movie)

(Director)
Writer (38)

Night Across the Street 2013 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

La Maison Nucingen 2009 (Movie)

(Writer)

Klimt 2007 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

La Recta Provincia 2006 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

Le Domain Perdu 2005 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

A Place Among the Living 2003 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

Dias de Camp 2003 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

Ce Jour-la 2002 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

Combat d'amour en songe 2000 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

Miotte Vu par Ruiz 2000 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

Time Regained 2000 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

Genealogies d'un crime 1998 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

L' Inconnu de Strasbourg 1998 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

Three Lives and Only One Death 1996 (Movie)

screenplay and dialogues (Screenplay)

Dark at Noon 1993 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

Fado, Majeur et Mineur 1993 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

Amelia Lopes O'Neill 1991 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

The Golden Boat 1991 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

Treasure Island 1990 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

Mammame 1988 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

L' Hypothese du Tableau Vole 1987 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

Regime sans pain 1986 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

Richard III 1985 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

L' Eveille du Pont d'Alma 1984 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

Les Destins de Manoel 1984 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

Notre Mariage 1983 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

La Ville des Pirates 1982 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

Les Trois couronnes du matelot 1982 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

The Territory 1980 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

Dora et la lanterne magique 1976 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

La Vocation Suspendue 1976 (Movie)

dialogue (Writer (dialogue))

La Vocation Suspendue 1976 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

La Colonia Penal 1970 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

Tres tristes tigres 1968 (Movie)

(Screenplay)
Actor (2)

The Red Dove 1989 (Movie)

(Actor)

Los Naufragos del Liguria 1984 (Movie)

Midshipman (Actor)
Art Department (1)

Mammame 1988 (Movie)

(Production Designer)
Editor (1)

Night Across the Street 2013 (Movie)

(Editor)
Other (1)

Berlin Jerusalem 1991 (Movie)

(Production Associate)

Biography

Rising to international prominence in the early 1980s, Raul Ruiz proved one of the most exciting and innovative foreign filmmakers, providing more intellectual fun and artistic experimentation, shot for shot, than any filmmaker since Jean-Luc Godard. Slashing his way through celluloid with machete-sharp sounds and images, Ruiz was a guerrilla who uncompromisingly assaulted the preconceptions of film art. This frightfully prolific figure - he made over 50 films in 20 years - did not adhere to any one style of filmmaking. He worked in 35mm, 16mm and video for theatrical release and for European TV, and on documentary and fiction features.

Born June 25, 1941 in Puerto Montt, Chile, Ruiz's career began in the avant-garde theater where, from 1956 to 1962, he wrote over 100 plays. Although he never directed any of these productions, he did dabble in filmmaking in 1960 and 1964 with two short, unfinished films. With the 1968 release of his first completed feature, "Tres tristes tigres," Ruiz, along with Miguel Littin and Aldo Francia, was shot to the forefront of Chilean film. A committed leftist who supported the Marxist government of Salvador Allende, Ruiz was forced to flee his country during the fascist coup of 1973. Living in exile in Paris for the rest of his life, he found a forum for his ideas in European television. His first great European success came with "The Hypothesis of the Stolen Painting" (1978), a puzzling black-and-white film adapted from a novel by Pierre Klossowski, constructed in a "tableaux vivants" style that told the enigmatic story of a missing 19th-century painting.

Influenced by the fabulist tradition that ran through much Latin American literature - which Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Jorge Luis Borges, and Alfonso Reyes all cited as influences - Ruiz was a poet of fantastic images whose films slipped effortlessly from reality to imagination and back again. A manipulator of wild, intellectual games in which the rules are forever changing, Ruiz's techniques were as varied as film itself - a collection of odd Wellesian angles and close-ups, bewildering POV shots, dazzling colors, and labyrinthine narratives which weaved and dodged the viewer's grasp with every shot.

As original as Ruiz was, one saw the diversity of his influences; in addition to adapting Klossowski, he was inspired by Franz Kafka (1971's "La Colonia Penal" was a Chilean reworking of "The Penal Colony"), Racine, Calderon, Shakespeare, Robert Louis Stevenson, Orson Welles (whose "F For Fake" was a precursor of "The Hypothesis of the Stolen Painting "), and Hollywood B-movies (Roger Corman was executive producer on 1983's "The Territory"). Like Jean-Luc Godard - whom Ruiz named as an early influence and who also owed a debt to B-films - Ruiz made no differentiation between the "high art" of Racine or Calderon and the "low art" of Roger Corman. Unfortunately, only a handful of Ruiz's films were available for viewing in America, and it was on these few films that his reputation was built in the U.S. The few works that were available, however, bore witness to the genius that informed his entire body of work. The filmmaker passed away at age 70 on Aug. 19, 2011 in his beloved Paris.

Relationships

Valeria Sarmiento

Wife
Married c. 1969

EDUCATION

University of Chile

Lft to write full-time after receiving a Rockefeller grant in 1962

University of Iowa

Iowa City , Iowa
Took creative writing classes

Milestones

2006

Helmed the feature, "Klimt," starring John Malkovich as the Austrian painter

2000

Helmed "Comédie de l'innocence/Comedy of Innocence," starring Isabelle Huppert

1999

Once again directed Catherine Deneuve in "Time Regained/Le Temps retrouvé," an adaptation of the final volume of In Search of Lost Time by Marcel Proust

1997

Directed "Genealogies of a Crime," starring Catherine Deneuve

1996

Helmed "Three Lives and Only One Death," Marcello Mastroiani's penultimate film

1991

Shot first feature in US, "The Golden Boat"

1985

Appointed co-director of Maison de Culture, Le Havre, France

1981

Directed and co-wrote "The Territory"

1978

Received recognition in Europe for "Hypothèse du tableau volé, L'/The Hypothesis of the Stolen Painting," a puzzling black-and-white film adapted from a novel by Pierre Klossowski

1974

Settled in Paris

1973

Fled Chile after overthrow of Allende; moved to Germany

1969

After election of Allende, began working with state film agency, Chile Films

1968

Made first completed feature film, "Tres tigres tristes/Three Sad Tigers"

Became associated with other future directors such as Miguel Littin, Pedro Chaskel and Aldo Francia

Worked in Chile as TV news editor and soap screenwriter

Bonus Trivia

.

Ruiz received the 1997 National Art Award presented biennially by the Chilean government which included $25,000 cash and a yearly pension of $1,200 a month.

SIMILAR ARTICLES