Raymond Chandler

Novelist, Screenwriter, Journalist
One of the originators of hard-boiled detective fiction, along with Dashiell Hammett, author Raymond Chandler and his gumshoe protagonist, Philip Marlowe, inspired countless future writers and generations of filmmakers ... Read more »
Born: 07/23/1888 in Chicago, Illinois, USA

Filmography

Writer (19)

Fallen Angels 1992 - 1993, 1995 - 1996 (Tv Show)

From Story

The Big Sleep 1978 (Movie)

("The Big Sleep") (Source Material (from novel))

Farewell, My Lovely 1975 (Movie)

("Farewell My Lovely") (Source Material (from novel))

Double Indemnity 1973 - 1974 (TV Show)

From Story

The Long Goodbye 1973 (Movie)

("The Long Goodbye") (Source Material (from novel))

Strangers On a Train 1951 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

The Big Sleep 1946 (Movie)

("The Big Sleep") (Source Material (from novel))

The Blue Dahlia 1946 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

The Blue Dahlia 1946 (Movie)

(From Story)

Double Indemnity 1944 (Movie)

(Screenplay)

And Now Tomorrow (Movie)

(Screenwriter)

Lady in the Lake (Movie)

(Screenwriter)

Lady in the Lake (Movie)

(Book Author)

Marlowe (Movie)

(Book Author)

Once You Meet a Stranger (TV Show)

From Story

Poodle Springs (TV Show)

Source Material (from novel)

The Brasher Doubloon (Movie)

(Book Author)

The Falcon Takes Over (Movie)

(Book Author)

The Unseen (Movie)

(Screenwriter)
Other (1)

The Man Who Envied Women 1986 (Movie)

from writings (Other)

Biography

One of the originators of hard-boiled detective fiction, along with Dashiell Hammett, author Raymond Chandler and his gumshoe protagonist, Philip Marlowe, inspired countless future writers and generations of filmmakers. Born in Chicago, Chandler was raised in England by relatives after he and his mother were abandoned by his alcoholic father. After returning to the U.S and seeing horrific action as a soldier in World War I, he became a high-paid oil executive and was later fired for drunkenness and erratic behavior, all before publishing his first short story in Black Mask magazine. At the age of 50, he wrote his first novel, The Big Sleep, which was followed by such titles as Farewell, My Lovely and The Long Goodbye, each of which sold better than the one before. With success came the attentions of Hollywood, and although Chandler garnered Oscar nominations for his work on the noir classics, "Double Indemnity" (1944) and "The Blue Dahlia" (1946), his time with the studios was far from fulfilling. Over the years, Marlowe was portrayed on screen by several of Hollywood's most popular leading men, among them Humphrey Bogart in "The Big Sleep" (1946), Elliot Gould in "The Long Goodbye" (1973) and Robert Mitchum in "Farewell, My Lovely" (1975). Though underappreciated during his lifetime, Chandler would later be revered for transforming the crime fiction genre into a prism through which the author eloquently cast his sardonic eye upon the state of America, its culture and people.

Relationships

Father
alcoholic who abandoned the family parents divorced in 1895

Florence Chandler

Mother
divorced from Chandler's father in 1895 died in January 1924

Helga Greene

Companion
Chandler proposed to her in February 1959

Pearl Hurlburt

Wife
born in October 29, 1870 was married at time they began relationship in 1919 had already been married and divorced once divorced second husband to be with Chandler married on February 6, 1924 at time of wedding, claimed to have been born in 1881 died on December 12, 1954

Jessica Tyndale

Companion
met on a cruise to England in 1955

EDUCATION

attended schools in France (in 1905) and Germany (in 1906)

Dulwich College Prepatory School

1900 - 1905
later worked as a teacher at school

Milestones

1953

Published sixth Marlowe novel, "The Long Goodbye"

1951

Co-wrote the screenplay for "Strangers on a Train", directed by Alfred Hitchcock; last produced script

1944

Only film as solo writer, "The Blue Dahlia"

1943

First film as co-writer (with director Billy Wilder), "Double Indemnity"; the 1972 TV version credits original screenplay as partial basis

1941

First film credit "The Falcon Takes Over", based on "Farewell, My Lovely"

1940

"Farewell, My Lovely" published; sold film rights the following year to RKO for $2000

1939

Published first novel "The Big Sleep" which had detective Philip Marlowe as protagonist

1933

Sold first story, "Blackmailers Don't Shoot," to Black Mask magazine; published in December issue

1917

Served in the Canadian Army and later the Royal Air Force during WWI

1912

Moved back to the USA

1908

Published first poem in Chamber's Journal

1907

Became a naturalized British citizen and went to work at the Admiralty

Wrote 19 stories published in Black Mask, Dime Detective and Detective Fiction Week

Published book of poetry in England called "The Rose-Leaf Romance"

Born in Chicago but raised in England after parents' divorce

Worked as a bank clerk, a reporter for San Francisco's Daily Express , and as a bookkeeper; eventually fired as a result of his alcoholism

Worked as a teacher at Dulwich College Prepatory School

Was a journalist for the Daily Express and the Western Gazette

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