Rosa von Praunheim
One of the more eccentric figures to emerge from the New German Cinema movement, Rosa von Praunheim (ne Holger Mischwitski) studied painting in Berlin before apprenticing with openly gay filmmakers Gregory J. Markopoulos and Werner Schroeter. He made several short films in the late 1960s--the first was "Von Rosa von Praunheim" in 1967--and moved into TV work with 1970s' "Die Bettwurst/The Bedroll." Von Praunheim first garnered notice with the documentary "Sisters of the Revolution" (1969), which examined the women's liberation movement and included a segment on homosexuals who supported feminist causes. The satirical "It Is Not the Homosexual Who Is Perverted, But the Situation in Which He Lives" (1970) follows the "coming out" process of one young man and engendered some controversy for its depictions of stereotypical gay men caught up in what was perceived as a self-destructive lifestyle.