Rouben Mamoulian

Director, Author, Teacher
A noted director of several famous Broadway productions, Rouben Mamoulian translated his sense for the theatrical to film and quickly became known for his innovative use of the camera, sound and color even in an age ... Read more »
Born: 10/08/1897 in Russia

Filmography

Director (12)

Cleopatra 1963 (Movie)

(original production) (Director)

Silk Stockings 1957 (Movie)

(Director)

Gone to Earth 1951 (Movie)

(Director)

Laura 1944 (Movie)

(Director)

Blood and Sand 1941 (Movie)

(Director)

Golden Boy 1938 (Movie)

(Director)

The Gay Desperado 1935 (Movie)

(Director)

Becky Sharp 1934 (Movie)

(Director)

Queen Christina 1932 (Movie)

(Director)

Song of Songs 1932 (Movie)

(Director)

Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde 1931 (Movie)

(Director)

Love Me Tonight 1931 (Movie)

(Director)
Producer (3)

Song of Songs 1932 (Movie)

(Producer)

Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde 1931 (Movie)

(Producer)

Love Me Tonight 1931 (Movie)

(Producer)
Actor (2)

50 Years of Action! 1985 (Movie)

Himself (Actor)

George Stevens: A Filmmaker's Journey 1985 (Movie)

Himself (Actor)
Writer (1)

Never Steal Anything Small 1959 (Movie)

("Devil's Hornpipe") (Play as Source Material)

Biography

A noted director of several famous Broadway productions, Rouben Mamoulian translated his sense for the theatrical to film and quickly became known for his innovative use of the camera, sound and color even in an age when black-and-white film was the standard. Guided by a strong creative instinct, informed intelligence, and a staunch independence that often clashed with the staid Hollywood studio system, Mamoulian emphasized stylization over naturalism in such early works as "City Streets" (1931) and "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde" (1931), perhaps his greatest film. Though many of his titles were not always the most widely remembered, Mamoulian directed some of the biggest stars of the day - Marlene Dietrich in "Song of Songs" (1933), Garbo in "Queen Christina" (1933), William Holden in "Golden Boy" (1939) and Tyrone Power in "The Mark of Zorro" (1940) - the last widely considered to be the best of the Zorro films. But once his contract with 20th Century Fox ended with the completion of "Blood and Sand" (1941) and "Rings on Her Fingers" (1942), Mamoulian ran afoul of the studios and his producers, being fired from more films - "Laura" (1944), "Porgy and Bess" (1959) and "Cleopatra" (1963) - than he would make for the rest of his career. A victim of his strong independent nature, Mamoulian faded into retirement, but did leave behind a mark as a fierce innovator who brought a sense of theatricality to every film.

Relationships

Azadia Newman

Wife
married 1945 until Mamoulian's death

EDUCATION

Vakhtangov Studio, Moscow Art Theater

studied under Eugene Vakhtangov

University of London

Lycee Montaigne

Paris
attended four years

King's College, University of Cambridge

University of Moscow

received degree

attended a gymnasium in Tiflis, Georgia, Russia

Milestones

1959

Worked on original (abandoned) version of "Cleopatra" (1963) for nearly one year, including shooting in England

1959

Spent over six months preparation on "Porgy and Bess," but was fired during rehearsals and replaced by Otto Preminger; citing that he had directed the original Broadway production as well, petitioned Directors Guild for co-directing credit but was turned

1957

Made last completed feature film, "Silk Stockings"

1951

Re-edited and re-shot some footage of Powell/Pressburger British film "Gone To Earth" (1950); released in USA as "The Wild Heart"

1944

Appeared as himself in "Rhapsody in Blue"

1943

Began as director of "Laura," but replaced by Otto Preminger after 18 days of shooting

1929

Film directing debut, "Applause"

1923

Moved to USA

1922

West End directing debut, "The Beating on the Door"

1920

Moved to London

Appeared in the documentaries "George Stevens: A Filmmaker's Journey" and "50 Years of Action!"

SIMILAR ARTICLES