Italian actress and bonafide screen goddess Sophia Loren made over 100 films in her 50-year career, remaining one of the most beloved and recognizable figures in the international film world. Much of her success could be found in the films of Italian director Vittorio De Sica, who called her "the essential Italian woman" and who captured her earthy, authentic sensibilities in romantic comedies and gut-wrenching dramas alike. While a cultural institution in her native country, Loren's homeland appeal never fully translated to U.S. audiences, though she earned plenty of fans based on her traffic-stopping physical assets. Hollywood's attempts to insert her into generic "European sex bomb" roles failed to showcase the actress' depth, even if it sometimes captured her acute wit. Throughout her career, Loren worked with some of film's most renowned directors and leading men, but the bulk of her artistic achievements remained in Italian cinema and opposite her frequent lead, Marcello Mastroianni. In addition to her many European accolades, Hollywood recognized her with Academy Award nominations, including a Best Actress win for "Ciociara, La" ("Two Women") (1960) and years later, an honorary Oscar for her many contributions to both American and Italian cinema.