An accomplished and award-winning director of television commercials and music videos in the 1980s and early 1990s, Tony Kaye made an auspicious feature debut in 1996 with the powerful drama "American History X. " The film, which starred Edward Norton as a reformed racist, scored with critics and audiences alike, but its success was quickly overshadowed by a bizarre battle of wills between Kaye, Norton and the film's producers at New Line Cinema. His public fight and ensuing propaganda blitz devastated his personal life and finances, leaving his career in tatters. But Kaye eventually rallied with the highly acclaimed documentary "Lake of Fire" (2006), which graphically depicted the struggle for abortion rights. Meanwhile, he made his second feature film, "Black Water Transit" (2010), starring Laurence Fishburne, though the movie's production company went bankrupt during filming and it went unreleased. With his back against the wall once more, Kaye made his third movie, "Detachment" (2012), a social drama about the high school education system starring Adrien Brody. Though he had failed to live up to the promise of "American History X," Kaye nonetheless continued to make intriguing films regardless of his financial struggles.