The actress was a first-year member of the revered Actors' Studio and first made her mark in 1960's Broadway hit J.B., which won her a Tony Award nomination.
She went on to marry roles in leading Shakespeare plays onstage with TV roles in shows like The Twilight Zone, The Fugitive and The Untouchables.
Martin appeared in theatre productions all over America and in London. She also enjoyed film success in movies like Toys in the Attic and Goodbye Columbus.
The actress suffered a stroke in 1981, but continued to work onstage and on TV until four years ago (06) - and became a well-respected drama teacher.
More films came, including Castaway, Some Kind of Hero, and Nightmare on Elm Street 3, in which she played ghoulish Freddie Krueger's mum.