10,000 Black Men Named George
The story of black organizer A. Phillip Randolph, an early champion of the Civil Rights movement. From 1925 to 1937, Randolph led the railway car porters' bruising battle against the notoriously anti-union Pullman Company, one of the most powerful company's in the United States in the 1920s. Under Randolph's leadership, the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters weathered years of violence and coercion as they struggled to survive. Twelve years to the day of the founding of the Brotherhood, the Pullman Company was forced to sign the first ever agreement between a union of black workers and a major American corporation. As President Franklin Roosevelt begins his first term of office, the American Federation of Labor (AFL) recognizes the Brotherhood, which now counts 10,000 members. As War War II efforts heat up, Randolph becomes a national leader and presses Roosevelt to issue an executive order that bans discrimination in the defense industry.