The Kinks formed in London, England between 1963 and '64, spawning from the varied musical efforts made by guitarist, singer, and songwriter Ray Davies. Along with his younger brother Dave and childhood friend Pete Quaife, a bassist, Davies formed the Ravens, which welcomed drummer Mick Avory, accrued incremental success, and ultimately begat the Kinks. Following the formation of a partnership with Pye Records, the band released their first album in 1964, titled <i>Kinks</i> in the United Kingdom and <i>You Really Got Me</i> in the United States. The album contained the band's first hit song, "You Really Got Me," which was paramount in earning the Kinks an international reputation. Despite the group's banishment from American performance by the American Federation of Musicians of the United States and Canada-a decree widely attributed to the Kinks' unruly decorum-they maintained a devoted American fandom across the releases of the following year's albums, <i>Kinda Kinks</i> and <i>The Kinks Controversy</i>, and beyond. The coming years were kind to the Kinks, who hit new heights with the production of albums <i>Face to Face</i> (1966) and <i>Something Else by the Kinks</i> (1967). A new, resolutely English songwriting style permeated the albums <i>The Kinks are the Village Green Preservation Society</i> (1968) and <i>Arthur: Or the Decline and Fall of the British Empire</i> (1969), making them cult favorites to Anglophile Americans. Over the span of the next decade, the Kinks' commercial successes began to dwindle in the UK but accelerate in America. In the U.S., the band hit highs including <i>Lola Versus Powerman and the Moneygoround, Part One</i> (1970), <i>Schoolboys in Disgrace</i> (1975), and <i>Low Budget</i> (1979), and picking up for another strong spurt at the dawn of the 1980s-<i>State of Confusion</i> (1983), featuring the hit single "Come Dancing," would rank among their strongest selling albums to date in the United States. However, the remainder of the band's tenure saw a gradual decline in interest and sales, with poor reception to albums like <i>UK Jive</i> (1989) and <i>Phobia</i> (1993). The Kinks officially split up in 1996.